Healthcare privacy and workplace privacy Week 12 - November 16, 18
Administrivia • Check out example posters! • Homework 13 (last homework!) will be reading and summary/highlight only • http://lorrie.cranor.org/courses/fa04/hw13.html • Draft papers due November 18 • Mike Shamos will give guest lecture on Thursday
Research and Communication Skills Organizing a research paper • Decide up front what the point of your paper is and stay focused as you write • Once you have decided on the main point, pick a title • Start with an outline • Use multiple levels of headings (usually 2 or 3) • Don’t ramble!
Research and Communication Skills Typical paper organization • Abstract • Short summary of paper • Introduction • Motivation (why this work is interesting/important, not your personal motivation) • Background and related work • Sometimes part of introduction, sometimes two sections • Methods • What you did • In a systems paper you may have system design and evaluation sections instead • Results • What you found out • Discussion • Sometimes called Conclusion • May include conclusions, future work, discussion of implications,etc. • References • Appendix • Stuff not essential to understanding the paper, but useful, especially to those trying to reproduce your results - data tables, proofs, survey forms, etc.
Research and Communication Skills Road map • Papers longer than a few pages should have a “road map” so readers know where you are going • Road map usually comes at the end of the introduction • Tell them what you are going to say, then say it, (and then tell them what you said) • Examples • In the next section I introduce X and discuss related work. In Section 3 I describe my research methodology. In Section 4 I present results. In Section 5 I present conclusions and possible directions for future work. • Waldman et al, 2001: “This article presents an architecture for robust Web publishing systems. We describe nine design goals for such systems, review several existing systems, and take an in-depth look at Publius, a system that meets these design goals.”
Research and Communication Skills Use topic sentences • (Almost) every paragraph should have a topic sentence • Usually the first sentence • Sometimes the last sentence • Topic sentence gives the main point of the paragraph • First paragraph of each section and subsection should give the main point of that section • Examples from Waldman et al, 2001 • In this section we attempt to abstract the particular implementation details and describe the underlying components and architecture of a censorship-resistant system. • Anonymous publications have been used to help bring about change throughout history.
Research and Communication Skills Avoid unsubstantiated claims • Provide evidence for every claim you make • Related work • Results of your own experiments • Conclusions should not come as a surprise • Analysis of related work, experimental results, etc. should support your conclusions • Conclusions should summarize, highlight, show relationships, raise questions for future work • Don’t introduce new ideas in discussion or conclusion section (other than ideas for related work) • Don’t reach conclusions not supported by the rest of your paper
Research and Communication Skills Plan your talk • Make an outline of what you want to talk about • No need to present every detail of your paper • Your presentation should motivate people who find it interesting to read your paper • Consider the background of your audience • If they are experts, focus on the details of your research and results • If they are not experts, spend time on background and motivating the problem • Consider how much time you have (10 minutes MAXIMUM + 5 minutes for questions)
Research and Communication Skills Structure your talk • Outline • Optional for short talks • Background and motivation • Sometimes you may want to lead with this • Research methodology • Or system design + evaluation • Results • You may not have them if this is a work in progress • Related work • Could also go after background or at end, optional for short talks • Contributions • Useful in job talk, probably no time in 10-minute talk • Future work • Optional for short talks
Research and Communication Skills Making slides • Use easy-to-read fonts • Avoid text < 20 pt font • Use a simple slide design, no distracting background images • Use a color scheme with high contrast • Avoid animation unless it helps illustrate your point • Clipart can help make your points more clear and/or memorable, but don’t let it distract • Make figures and tables readable • Don’t make too many slides (1-3 minutes/slide)
Research and Communication Skills Slide content • Are slides lecture notes/handouts? • For a class or tutorial, slides may double as lecture notes more content on slides • For a research presentation, your paper is usually the “handout” less content on slides • Don’t try to put everything on the slide • Don’t include text unless you want people to read it • If people are reading your slides they are not listening to you • Keep text short • Don’t put too much math on a slide • Just include key points, examples, etc. • A figure may be worth 1000 words
Research and Communication Skills If you use overhead projector • White background usually best • Don’t use a paper to cover up part of your slide and uncover as you go • If you have to skip slides, don’t put them up and take them down real fast, just skip them
Research and Communication Skills Prepare • Make your slides in advance • Practice • Time yourself • Get feedback from others • Watch yourself on video • Make sure you know how to hook your laptop up to the projector, change screen resolution, advance your slides, etc. (Mac users, bring your adaptor!) • If you need to point to parts of your slides, decide if you will use, mouse, stick, laser pointer, etc. and bring it with you
Research and Communication Skills Giving your talk • Dress neatly • Stand up straight, hands out of pockets • Don’t hide behind the podium • Move around, but not too much • Keep track of time • Put your watch on podium, note clock in room, watch moderator with time cards, etc. • Face the audience, look at your audience, not just one person • Project your voice • Don’t talk too fast • Finish on time (or early!)
Research and Communication Skills Keeping your audience engaged • Convey enthusiasm • Inject humor • Tell a story • Ask the audience questions • Modulate your voice • Speak slowly • Try to prevent your audience from getting lost • Provide ample background • Define important terms up front • Don’t get into highly technical details unless that’s what your audience expects
Research and Communication Skills Handling questions • If you have a strict time limit, leave time for questions or avoid taking them • Answer clarification questions quickly • Suggest that questions that will require lengthy answers be taken off line • Don’t get flustered by critics or questions you don’t know the answer to • Stay calm, diffuse the question, keep going
Presentation for this class • December 7, 9, 13 • 8-10 minute presentation plus 5 minutes for questions • Speakers should setup during question time for previous speaker if laptop switch is involved • You must use visual aids (probably slides) • Email slides to me before class if you want to use my laptop (preferable) • Practice and make sure you do not go over 10 minutes • Sign up!
Homework 11 Discussion • http://lorrie.cranor.org/courses/fa04/hw11.html • Cases where US government used personal data to violate civil liberties of US citizens • Brin: “Can we stand living our lives exposed to scrutiny ... if in return we get flashlights of our own?”
Guest speaker • Michael Shamos