Pronunciation lesson plan • Description & analysis (explicit instruction) • Clearly define, illustrate, and explain the targeted pronunciation feature • Check students’ understanding
Pronunciation lesson plan • Listening discrimination & feedback (VP & C, 1993) • Students practice hearing and identifying the feature before they produce it.
Pronunciation lesson plan • Controlled practice & feedback (oral reading, e.g., minimal pairs) • Have students practice production with their attention focused only on saying the targeted feature correctly (e.g., minimal pair drills).
Pronunciation lesson plan • Guided practice & feedback • Students practice production with increased responsibility for language content (e.g., cued dialogs, information gap activities).
Pronunciation lesson plan • Communicative (nearly free) practice & feedback • Students practice production while communicating their own ideas. (Learners have to pay attention to form & content.)