Floral Design By: Johnny M. Jessup Agriculture Teacher/FFA Advisor
Introduction • What is Floral Design? • The art of organizing the design elements inherent in plant materials, container, and accessories according to the principles of design.
Design Materials • The Four Basic Types of Design Materials are…. • Line Flowers • Mass Flowers • Form Flowers • Filler Flowers
Line Flowers • Tall spike of flowers with florets blooming along the stem. • Create the outline for an arrangement & establish the height and width as well as curvilinear lines. • Examples: • Snapdragons • Gladiolus
SNAPDRAGONS GLADIOLUS Line Flowers
Mass Flowers • Have the flower head on the terminal end of the stem. • Draw attention to the focal point and add mass and weight to the arrangement. • Cover the floral form and help fill empty areas with flowers. • Examples: • Carnations • Roses • Chrysanthemums
CARNATIONS ROSES CHRYSANTHEMUMS Mass Flowers
Form Flowers • Unique in shape or color such as…. • Bird of paradise • Orchids • Create the accent or focal point or area of the arrangement to attract the viewer’s attention.
BIRD OF PARADISE ORCHIDS Form Flowers
Filler Flowers • Have sprays of flowers such as baby’s breath and statice, or they are like ferns. • Are used to fill empty spaces and to accent the other floral material within the arrangement. • Also used to cover or hide the mechanics of the arrangement including the frame, supports, ties, and etc.
STATICE STATICE BABY’S BREATH Filler Flowers
Floral Design Shapes • Round • Flower arrangement is basically round in shape.
Floral Design Shapes • Oval • Flowers make an oval shaped arrangement.
Floral Design Shapes • Fan • Flowers make a fan or semicircle shaped arrangement.
Floral Design Shapes • Triangle • Equilateral • All three sides are the same length. • Asymmetrical • Sides of different lengths.
Floral Design Shapes • Right angle • Flowers make L shape.
Floral Design Shapes • Inverted-T • The flowers make an upside down T (⊥).
Floral Design Shapes • Vertical • Straight up, in a bud vase. • Tall vertically, narrow horizontally.
Floral Design Shapes • Horizontal • Long horizontally and short vertically.
Floral Design Shapes • Diagonal • Halfway between vertical and horizontal.
Floral Design Shapes • Crescent • Shaped like a quarter moon.
Floral Design Shapes • Hogarth Curve • Shaped like an S curve.
Design Principles • Balance • When the flower size and container flow together and complement each other.
Design Principles • Focal point • Creates the accent and interest to catch the eye.
Design Principles • Proportion • Keeps relative size, color, and texture of the flowers to create a pleasing arrangement. • Floral designs should be at least 1 ½ to 2 times the height or width of the container.
Design Principles • Scale • The principle that the design must be in proportion to the surrounding area where it is placed.
Design Principles • Accent • Used to catch and draw attention to the design.
Design Principles • Repetition • Accentuates the flowers and colors by repeating their use throughout the design.
Design Principles • Rhythm • Creates a sense of continuity or flowing together.
Design Principles • Harmony • When all parts flow together to give a completed look to the arrangement.
Design Principles • Unity • When the flowers complement each other through color, size, shape.
Design Techniques • Step 1 • Select a design shape.
Design Techniques • Step 2 • Select appropriate container, • Cut floral form, • Attach to container. • Step 3 • Set container and foam in water for 20 minutes. • Step 4 • Select fern or other filler and arrange in foam to cover foam and extend at least 1 ½ times width of container.
Design Techniques • Step 5 • Insert flower to make arrangement desired height. • Step 6 • Insert more flowers to make design outline & focal point. • Step 7 • Add other flowers as needed to make arrangement.
Design Techniques • Step 8 • Arrange filler flowers such as baby’s breath to give a completed appearance.
Designed By: • Johnny M. Jessup; FFA Advisor • Hobbton High School