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Floral design

Floral design

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Floral design

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  1. Floral design Elements By Nitin Kumar

  2. Types of Design Materials There are four basic types of design materials: • Line flowers • Mass flowers • Form flowers • Filler flowers

  3. Line Flowers • Tall spikes of flowers with florets blooming along the stem • Create the outline for an arrangement and establish the height and width as well as the curvilinear lines.

  4. Mass Flowers • Have the flower head on the terminal end of the stem • Draw attention to the focal point and add mass and weight to the arrangement. • Cover floral foam and help fill in empty areas with flowers

  5. Form Flowers • Unique in shape or color • Create the accent or focal point or focal area of the arrangement to attract the viewer’s attention

  6. Form Flowers-Examples • Bird of paradise • Orchid

  7. Filler Flowers • Have small sprays of flowers or are like ferns • Used to fill empty spaces and to accent the other floral materials within the arrangement • Also used to cover or hide the mechanics of the arrangement including the frame, supports, ties, etc.

  8. Filler Flowers-Examples • Baby’s breath • Statice

  9. Shapes of floral designs

  10. Round • Flower arrangement is basically round in shape

  11. Oval • Flowers make an oval shaped arrangement

  12. Fan • Flowers make a fan or semicircle shaped arrangement

  13. Triangle • Shape may be an equilateral triangle with all three sides the same length or asymmetrical triangle with sides of different lengths.

  14. Right Angle • Flowers make an L shape

  15. Inverted-T • The flowers make an upside down T

  16. Vertical • Straight up, in a bud vase, tall vertically, narrow horizontally

  17. Horizontal • Long horizontal and short vertically

  18. Diagonal • Halfway between vertical and horizontal

  19. Crescent • Shaped like a quarter moon

  20. Hogarth curve • Shaped like an S curve

  21. Balance • When the flower size and container flow together and complement each other

  22. Focal Point • Creates the accent and interest to catch the eye

  23. Proportion • Keeps relative size, color and texture of the flowers to create a pleasing arrangement. • Floral designs should be at least 1 ½ to 2 times the height or width of the container.

  24. Scale • The principle that the design must be in proportion to the surrounding area where it is placed.

  25. Accent • Used to catch attention and draw attention to the design

  26. Repetition • Accentuates the flowers and colors by repeating their use throughout the design

  27. Rhythm • Creates a sense of continuity or flowing together

  28. Harmony • When all parts flow together to give a completed look to the arrangment

  29. Unity • When the flowers complement each other through color, size, and shape

  30. Steps in Designing Arrangements • Select a design shape • Select appropriate container, cut floral foam and attach to container • Set container and foam in water for 20 minutes • Select fern or other filler and arrange in foam to cover foam and extend at least 1 ½ times the width of the container.

  31. Steps in Designing Arrangements • Insert flower to make arrangement desired height • Insert more flowers to make design outline and focal point • Add other flowers as needed to make arrangement • Arrange filler flowers such as baby’s breath to give a completed appearance