LOST SPRINGby Anees Jung Stories of Stolen Childhood
About The Author • Born in Rourkela, spent her childhood and adolescence in Hyderabad • Receievd education in Hyderabad and U.S. • Parents were writers • Began her career as a writer in India
Works Done • Editor of Youth Times and columnist for major newspaper in India and abroad • Authored books: Unveiling India, Night Of the New Moon, Seven Sisters, Breaking The Silence,etc…
About The Lesson • This lesson is an excerpt from her book titled LOST SPRING:stories of stolen childhood • She analysis grinding poverty and traditions which condemn the poor children to a life of exploitation
Main Characters • Story 1: ‘sometimes I find a rupee in the garbage’ • Saheb: garbage picker • Author:
Story 2: ‘I want to drive a car’ • Mukesh: a child working in bangle industry • Mukesh’s father, mother, elder brother and his wife
Focal Points • Migrants From Bangladesh: • left green fields, rivers-no grain- storms destroyed all • Migrants In Seemapuri: • outskirts of Delhi- ‘near yet far’ • far symbolically-no water in taps, no sewage, drainage, no identity BUT migrants have a ration card-name on voter’s list
Saheb • Works for tea-stall owner • Earns rs.800 • Feels bound, has a master • Saheb admires tennis player-gets shoes-can’t dream of playing tha game • Saheb-e-alam-means lord of the universe-ironical • Saheb represents thousands of RAG PICKERS: • Barefeet • Scrounge through garbage • Sometimes find a 10 rupee note or even a silver coin • Love element of surprise and suspense • Carefree life yet burdened-childhood stolen
Mukesh • Desires to become a motor mechanic • Family in Ferozabad, working in glass blowing industry • Workers In Industry: • 20000 children work near hot furnaces • Barely enough food for survival • Lost health, eyesight • No joy-tradition of same work • No change possible
Resistance To Change • Poverty, tradition • Social stigma • Social forces-law, police, middlemen, politicians, bureaucrats, sahukars • No leaders • Lack of attitude • Children burdened-hence childhood stolen
Expressions Used In The Story • Looking for-searching/seeking • Perpetual state of poverty-constant state of poverty • Slog their daylight hours-work hard and steadily. • Impose the baggage on the child-burden with responsibility • Dark hutments-unhygienic shelters/huts
Thinking About Language • Figures of speech used: • Hyperbole: ex-garbage to them is gold • Metaphor: ex-drowned in an air of desolation • Simile: ex-as her hands move mechanically like the tongs of a machine, I wonder……………….. • contrast: ex-she still has bangles on her wrist but not light in her eyes
Theme • The plight of street children forced into labour early in life and denied opportunity of schooling • Sub Theme: the callousness of society and the political class to the sufferings of the poor
Assignments Comprehension Check: Answer the following questions in 30 to 40 words: What is Saheb’s complete name and why is it ironical? ‘Garbage to then is gold’, explain? Why does Saheb lose his carefree look on getting a job at a tea-stall? What has Mukesh’s father achieved after so many years of hard work? Why are the bangle makers unsuccessful in making a co-operative?
Assignments Questions based on HOTS/EXTRAPOLATION: What is Mukesh’s ambition? Why does the author feel that there were chances, although bleak, of his dream becoming reality? Why are the children compelled to become bangle makers? Justify the title “Lost Spring” Describe the life of bangle makers in Ferozabad. Why does the author state that Seemapuri is on the periphery of Delhi, yet miles away from it?
Writing Tasks • Make notes in note-form of the first story i.e. “sometimes I find a rupee in the garbage” using five abbreviations. Provide a suitable title as well. • You visited a glass bangle industry and found a number of children slogging their daylight hours to support the family and earn their bread when they should be in the school. As a reporter of a local daily, write a report describing the conditions under which the workers of bangle industry work and the related health hazards associated with their work.(100-150 words)