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The Rotary Youth Exchange Experience: Culture Shock and Reverse Culture Shock PowerPoint Presentation
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The Rotary Youth Exchange Experience: Culture Shock and Reverse Culture Shock

The Rotary Youth Exchange Experience: Culture Shock and Reverse Culture Shock

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The Rotary Youth Exchange Experience: Culture Shock and Reverse Culture Shock

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  1. The Rotary Youth Exchange Experience: Culture Shock and Reverse Culture Shock YEO Pre-Convention Meeting Montreal, 2010 Dennis White and Justin Burnett

  2. This presentation may be viewed at If viewed on line, certain slides with hyperlinks will lead to other articles or materials

  3. Culture An integrated system of learned behavior patterns that are characteristic of any given society. It refers to the total way of life, including how people think, feel and behave.

  4. Metaphorically, culture is the lens through which we view the world.

  5. The Cultural Iceberg Conscious behaviors 1/8th above the surface Unconscious beliefs and values 7/8ths below the surface

  6. Ethnocentrism: The universal tendency for any culture to see its own values and practices as natural and correct.

  7. Ethnocentrism: All cultures are ethnocentric - and must be to impart their values to their members.

  8. Ethnorelativism: The acquired ability to see many values and behaviors as cultural rather than universal.

  9. Ethnorelativism: This approach attempts to understand values and behaviors from the point of view of that culture, rather than as right or wrong.

  10. Ethnorelativism: It assumes that one’s own culture is no more central to describing and evaluating reality than any other - regardless of one’s strongly held preferences

  11. The Golden RuledDo unto others as you would have them do unto you.

  12. The Platinum RuleDo unto others as they would have you do unto them.

  13. CultureShock The profound sense of disorientation and discomfort that comes with extended travel or living in a foreign culture markedly different from one’s own. Culture Shock.doc

  14. Stages of Culture Shock: • Initial enthusiasm and euphoria • Irritability and negativism • Gradual adjustment and adaptation • Integration and bi-culturalism The Middle Wave of Culture Shock.doc

  15. Rotary Youth Exchange Culture Shock Cycle Months Pre-Departure 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 Return …... Normal Level of Feelings Adapted from a model by Robert Kohls

  16. Normal Distribution of Any Cultural Trait A typical student Frequency Amount of Trait Example: Individualism vs. Group Orientation

  17. Comparing Two Cultures (on any given trait) In this example, there is some overlap, but the two cultures are mostly different

  18. Culture Shock After Adaptation

  19. Returning To Home Culture

  20. Reverse Culture Shock Returning To Home Culture

  21. Severe Reverse Culture Shock Returning To Home Culture

  22. Most people anticipate some degree of culture shock. Very few people believe they will experience reverse culture shock.

  23. Reverse Culture Shock (Re-entry Shock) The often unexpected and difficult period of disorientation and readjustment experienced after returning to one’s own culture after an extended period of living abroad. So You Think You're Home Now.doc

  24. The Stages of Reverse Culture Shock are almost the same as those of Culture Shock • Initial Euphoria (may be very brief or not happen at all) • Irritability and Negativism ( may be very lengthy) • Gradual Adaptation • True Bi-Culturalism

  25. Culture Shock and Reverse Culture Shock are not just unpleasant side effects of international living. They are the necessary ingredients that bring about quality intercultural education.

  26. How I Have Changed?How Have I Changed.doc An exercise using 44 statements that have often been identified by exchange students as significant changes from the experience.

  27. How I Have Changed One student’s response My youth exchange year was one of incredible change and growth for me. In addition to seeing so much of the rest of the world, and making such wonderful friends, I changed in ways I never knew were possible.

  28. How I Have Changed One student’s response I am more confident and positive when meeting new people. I have a greater ability to empathize with others and to put myself in their place when making judgments. I have greater willingness to take on new roles and tasks.

  29. How I Have Changed One student’s response I have more ability to see myself objectively, in a more realistic context. I understand more fully my own strengths and weaknesses. I am more tolerant of ambiguous situations and more open to differing interpretations of them. I feel greater respect and appreciation for my family.

  30. How I Have Changed One student’s response And most of all, I feel more surely that common bonds unite all human beings. Thank you, Rotary for the best year of my life.

  31. Questions and comments are welcome!

  32. Dennis White, Ph.D.207 S. 4th Ave.Sturgeon Bay, WI. 54235Telephone 920-746-1346Fax 920-746-1347Email For more information, visit