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Section 2-19

Section 2-19

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Section 2-19

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  1. An American Empire is Born • Many Americans supported annexing the Philippines because it would provide a naval base in Asia, a stopover on the way to China, a large market for American goods, and the ability to teach “less civilized” peoples. (pages 403–405) Click the mouse button or press the Space Bar to display the information. Section 2-19

  2. An American Empire is Born • On December 10, 1898, the United States and Spain signed the Treaty of Paris. • Cuba became an independent country. (pages 403–405) Click the mouse button or press the Space Bar to display the information. Section 2-19

  3. An American Empire is Born(cont.) • The United States acquired Puerto Rico and Guam and paid Spain $20 million for the Philippines. (pages 403–405) Click the mouse button or press the Space Bar to display the information. Section 2-20

  4. An American Empire is Born(cont.) • This treaty made the United States an imperial power. • Controlling its new empire was not easy for the U.S.. (pages 403–405) Click the mouse button or press the Space Bar to display the information. Section 2-20

  5. An American Empire is Born(cont.) • Emilio Aguinaldo, a Filipino revolutionary, ordered his troops to attack American soldiers stationed in the Philippines. (pages 403–405) Click the mouse button or press the Space Bar to display the information. Section 2-20

  6. An American Empire is Born(cont.) • American General Arthur MacArthur was forced to set up reconcentration camps resulting in thousands of Filipinos dying. • William Howard Taft (10 years before his Presidency), the first U.S. civilian governor of the Philippines, introduced reforms in education, transportation, and health care to try to win over the Filipino people. • These reforms slowly lessened Filipino hostility toward American rule. (pages 403–405) Click the mouse button or press the Space Bar to display the information. Section 2-21

  7. An American Empire is Born(cont.) • By April 1902, all Filipino resistance stopped. • In 1946 the United States granted independence to the Philippines. • Over 4000 American troops died while attempting to keep the Philippines a colony. (pages 403–405) Click the mouse button or press the Space Bar to display the information. Section 2-22

  8. Literature Rudyard Kipling wrote “The White Man’s Burden” in 1899 to persuade the Americans to make the Philippines a colony. You Don’t Say 2-2b

  9. Meanwhile in the Land of OZ..... The Yellow Winkies The enslaved yellow Winkies that guarded the castle of the Witch of the West, may have been referring to McKinley not granting immediate independence to the “yellow” people of the Philippines after the Spanish-American War. Click the mouse button to display the information. Section 1-5

  10. An American Empire is Born(cont.) • In 1900 Congress passed the Foraker Act, making Puerto Rico an unincorporated territory. • Congress gradually allowed the people a degree of self-government. • In 1917 Puerto Ricans were made citizens of the United States. (pages 403–405) Click the mouse button or press the Space Bar to display the information. Section 2-22

  11. An American Empire is Born(cont.) • In 1947 the island was given the right to elect its own governor. • Today the debate on whether to grant Puerto Rico statehood, to become an independent country, or to continue as a Commonwealth and part of the United States still exists. (pages 403–405) Click the mouse button or press the Space Bar to display the information. Section 2-23

  12. An American Empire is Born(cont.) • After the war, the United States set up a military government in Cuba. • Steps were taken to ensure that Cuba would remain tied to the United States. (pages 403–405) Click the mouse button or press the Space Bar to display the information. Section 2-23

  13. An American Empire is Born(cont.) • The Platt Amendment specified that • (1) Cuba could not make a treaty with another nation that would weaken its power or allow another foreign power to gain territory in Cuba • (2) Cuba had to allow the United States to buy or lease naval stations in Cuba (pages 403–405) Section 2-24

  14. An American Empire is Born(cont.) • (3) Cuba’s debts had to be kept low to prevent foreign countries from landing troops to enforce payment • (4) the United States would have the right to intervene to protect Cuban independence and keep order. • Cuba reluctantly accepted the Amendment. • It was repealed in 1934. (pages 403–405) Section 2-24