English GRAMMAR Direct And Indirect Speech Grade 8 Facilitator: Ms Alia Hilal March 5,2011
AIMS Enabling the students to • Improve punctuation • Conversion of speech • Dialogue writing
OBJECTIVES Students will be able to • Use punctuation marks effectively • Transform direct speech to indirect speech • Enhance their skills in doing narration
Simple present Present continuous Present perfect Present perfect continuous Simple past Past continuous Past perfect Past perfect continuous Simple past Past continuous Past perfect Past perfect continuous Past perfect Past perfect continuous No change No change Rules applied on tenses
Today Tomorrow Yesterday This year Can Shall Will May Now That day the next day The previous day That year Could Should Would might Then Further changes
How to change the sentences • He said, “We are going home.” He said that they were going home. • She said, “Do you go to park everyday?” She asked if I go to park everyday. • Ali said, “I have worked hard for the match.” Ali said that he had worked hard for the match. • He said, “We have been doing the practice since yesterday.” He said that they had been doing the practice since the previous day.”
More Examples • “Sun rises in the East.", teacher said. Teacher said that the Sun rises in the East. • She said, “What a wonderful idea!” She exclaimed with joy that it was a wonderful idea.” • He said, “I was tired yesterday.” He told that he had been tired the day before.
Points to Ponder • Learn to recognize tenses before attempting to speech. • Follow the rules of change. • Remember, practice makes perfect. The End