Download
section 3 1b n.
Skip this Video
Loading SlideShow in 5 Seconds..
Section 3-1b PowerPoint Presentation
Download Presentation
Section 3-1b

Section 3-1b

145 Vues Download Presentation
Télécharger la présentation

Section 3-1b

- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript

  1. World Culture Regions Today Section Objectives 1. Name the factors that determine the earth’s culture regions. 2. Relate how other social sciences help geographers determine culture regions. Click the mouse button or press the Space Bar to display the information. Additional lecture notes appear on the following slides. Section 3-1b

  2. Introduction • Geographers often divide the planet into areas called culture regions.  • These culture regions may not have clear boundaries. For this reason geographers with varying viewpoints may use different ways to decide the number of culture regions and the countries included in each. • Geographers invent regions Click the mouse button or press the Space Bar to display the information. Section 3-2

  3. Map Supplement 3.1

  4. REGION Governments • Political scientists are people who study ________, or groups’ political systems.  • The kind of government a society has reflects the values of a culture.  • ___________, in which the people of a country vote for their leaders, shows that people value individual freedom.  • ___________ governments allow the power of the government to be more important than individual freedom. Click the mouse button or press the Space Bar to display the information. Section 3-3

  5. REGION Governments (cont.) • A government in which one leader has full power over a country is a __________.  • A constitutional monarchy has monarchs and an elected lawmaking group. Click the mouse button or press the Space Bar to display the information. Section 3-3

  6. REGION Social Groups • Sociologists are people who study people’s relationships to one another in groups.  • Sociologists use certain measures to determine how well a society meets its needs, including…  • infant survival rate.  • life expectancy.  • literacy rate.  • the scale of living–the quality of life based on available material goods. Click the mouse button or press the Space Bar to display the information. Section 3-4

  7. REGION Economic Systems • A country’s economic system is the way in which the people of the country produce, get, and use goods and services.  • Economists are people who study and describe how economic systems work.  • The value of all goods and services produced annually by the citizens, working inside or outside the country,is the gross national product (GNP). Click the mouse button or press the Space Bar to display the information. Section 3-5

  8. REGION Economic Systems (cont.) • The gross domestic product (GDP) covers all annual production within a country, including output by both foreign and domestic concerns operating in that country.  • Per capita income measures how much money per person a country or a region earns.  • GNP, GDP, and per capita income help classify countries as developed or developing countries. Click the mouse button or press the Space Bar to display the information. Section 3-6

  9. REGION Economic Systems (cont.) • Governments that value individual freedom often have economic systems based on free enterprise,where private businesses operate with little interference from government.  • An economic system based on free enterprise is called capitalism.  • Authoritarian governments often use an economic system called socialism, in which the government decides how resources will be used and how businesses will be run. Click the mouse button or press the Space Bar to display the information. Section 3-7

  10. REGION Language and Religion • Anthropologists are scientists who study cultures by considering factors such as language and religion.  • Languages spoken in a culture region often belong to the same language family, or group of languages having similar beginnings.  • Religion is an organized way of worshiping a spiritual being or thinking about life. Click the mouse button or press the Space Bar to display the information. Section 3-8

  11. Map Supplement 3.2

  12. Map Supplement 3.3

  13. In what parts of the world do each of the world’s major religions predominate? Judaism: Israel and major cities Christianity: the Americas and Europe Islam: Africa and Asia Hinduism: Asia Click the mouse button or press the Space Bar to display the answer. Section 3-Assessment 1

  14. Why do scientists use such measures as GNP, GDP, and literacy rate in studying groups of people? Scientists use these measures to show how well a society meets its needs. Click the mouse button or press the Space Bar to display the answer. Section 3-Assessment 2

  15. World Culture Regions Today Section Objectives 1. Name the factors that determine the earth’s culture regions. 2. Relate how other social sciences help geographers determine culture regions. Click the mouse button or press the Space Bar to display the information. Additional lecture notes appear on the following slides. Section 3-1b

  16. End of Section 3

  17. End of Custom Shows WARNING! Do Not Remove This slide is intentionally blank and is set to auto-advance to end custom shows and return to the main presentation. End of Custom Shows (Do not remove.)