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Chapter 8

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Chapter 8

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  1. Chapter 8 Bionic Men and Women Gülberk Karabag

  2. Pre-reading What movies or TV shows have you seen about a person who was part machine? What was the story about?

  3. Pre-reading When a part of someone’s body stops working, the person’s life may depend on a machine , whether in the hospital or in everyday life. Give an example of a situation like this.

  4. Before Reading Sci-fi : science fiction , stories about imaginary worlds or future developments in science Device : a small machine or tool that does a special job Nerves: thin parts like lines throughout the body that carry information to/from the brain Kidneyssalamander A lack: not having something or not having enough of it Genes: the parts of cells in your body that control qualities you get from your parents

  5. Fast Reading Read the text as fast as you can. Do not use dictionary. Do not ask your teacher about the vocabulary. Do not follow with a pen or your finger. It slows you down.

  6. Chest: the front of the body between the neck and the stomach He collapsed with severe chest pains.

  7. Demand : the need or desire people have for something There is a huge demand for new cars

  8. Development : a change, often one that makes a product or a process better This book is about economic development in India.

  9. Key: very important , necessary Frida Kahlo is a key figure in the international art world.

  10. Therefore: for that reason , as a result Their car was bigger than ours and therefore more comfortable.

  11. Regularly: happening repeatedly , with the same amount of time between each event. Graham was repeatedly warned not to work so hard

  12. Beat: to make repeated , regular sounds or movements Waves beat against the cliffs

  13. Replace: to get something that is newer or better and use it in place of something that is old or not working The factory replaced most of its workers withrobots

  14. Attach : to make something connect with or stick to something else, to join You must attach a recent photograph to your application form

  15. Keep up with: to manage to do something as fast as someone else, or as well as you need to or are expected Teachers can keep up with technology.

  16. Artificial: not real or not made of natural things but made to be like something that is real or natural Medical scientists have developed artificial heart models

  17. Engineer : someone whose job is to design or build roads, bridges, machines etc. He was trained as a civil engineer

  18. Within: inside a particular building or area People who die are put within coffins.

  19. Battery : an object that provides a supply of electricity for something such as a radio, car, or toy When the red light comes on, you should recharge the battery

  20. Strength : the physical power and energy that makes someone strong Alisa Camplinhad the strength to win the gold medal

  21. Careful Reading Read the text carefully. You can ask your teacher if you don’t understand words and sentences. After careful reading, you need to answer questions about details.

  22. Comprehension Check Comprehension Check True/False

  23. People can get new body parts only in the movies

  24. false

  25. Bionics means studying living things-how they are made and how they work.

  26. true

  27. Giving a man a pacemaker for his heart is an example of using bionics

  28. true

  29. Machines are our only hope for new body parts in the future

  30. false

  31. Some animals can grow new body parts if they need to

  32. true

  33. In the movies, bionic body parts sometimes give people special abilities

  34. true

  35. Quoting and Paraphrasing

  36. Quoting and Paraphrasing Answer these questions about ‘Bionic Men and Women’ . Try to paraphrase sentences from the reading. If you quote more than a few words, use quotation marks around the material copied from the reading.

  37. Quoting and Paraphrasing 1. What does bionics mean?

  38. It is ‘ the study of how living things are made and how they work’

  39. Quoting and Paraphrasing 2. What is a pacemaker? What does it do?

  40. It is a device that doctors place inside a person’s chest to regulate his or her heartbeat

  41. Quoting and Paraphrasing 3.Why has it been so hard to develop things like artificial hands?

  42. The main problem in developing artificial hands or legs, for example , is finding ways to let the brain communicate with the bionic part of the body.

  43. Quoting and Paraphrasing 4.What is a transplant operation?

  44. It is a kind of surgery that takes an organ from one person or other living thing and places it another.

  45. Quoting and Paraphrasing 5. What is one problem with transplants?

  46. Transplants require an extra organ to be available for the operation ,and there aren’t enough of them when they are needed

  47. Quoting and Paraphrasing 6. Why are researchers studying salamanders?

  48. Because these creatures have the ability to regrow a lost leg.

  49. Quoting and Paraphrasing 7. Why might some people like the idea of getting bionic body parts?