If you could modify or change one thing about this school what would it be? • Currently, how have you adapted or adjusted to this situation?
Human Modification/ Adaption of the Environment
Name one way Europe modified their environment? (make sure it is in a complete sentence)
Please write this down Adapt –to adjust to your environment. (coats if it is cold) Modify –to change in order to make better.
Home Roman Aqueducts • Built by the Roman Empire • Supplied water to cities and industrial sites • Started several 1,000 years ago • Built throughout the Roman Empire • Most were above the ground, some below • Powered by gravity
Aquaducts • Modification or Adaptation?
Home Canals • Begun in the 5th century • Connect many small islands • 150 canals are the streets of Venice • 400 pedestrian bridges? • Use gondolas and vaporettos (water taxis) • A water highway
Canals • Modification or Adaptation?
Chunnel • Cost = $21 billion • Begun in 1988 • Connects , England to France • 31 miles long (23 under sea, 8 under land) • 131 ft. below the English Channel • It takes 30 minutes to cross the English Channel using the Chunnel Carries • The Channel Chunnel is used by both passengers and freight • A chunnel is an underwater subway.
Chunnels • Modification or Adaptation?
Home Germany’s Channel Bridge • Located in the city of Magdeburg (near Berlin) • Connects Berlin’s inland harbor with ports along the Rhine River • Joins East and West Germany • Goes over the Elbe River • Took 6 years, 500 million euros, 918 meters (almost a kilometer) long • 24,000 metric tons of steel • A man made above ground water highway
Channel • Modification or Adaptation?
Home Millau Bridge • Located in southern France • Highest road bridge in the world • Crosses the River Tarn • In the Massif Central Mountains • Began construction Oct., 2001 • Opened Dec., 2004 • 984 feet in the middle • Center pillar is higher than the Eiffel Tower • 7 pillars • 1½ miles of roadway across it • Weight = 36,000 tons • Cost $524 million to build
Millau Bridge in France “cable stay bridge”
“…it should enhance the natural beauty of the valley…and have the delicacy of a butterfly.”Lord Foster architect
Milau Bridge • Modification or Adaptation?