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Walk Safe Program

Walk Safe Program

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Walk Safe Program

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  1. Walk Safe Program Gillian Hotz, Ph.D Director, Neurotrauma Outcome Research Associate Research Professor University of Miami /Jackson Memorial Medical Center

  2. Support Sponsored by the Ryder Trauma Center at University of Miami – Miller School of Medicine. Funding for this program provided by grants from: The Florida Department of Transportation The Children’s Trust FedEx

  3. Walk Safe Research Team Program Manager: Andrea Castelblanco, MD Program Assistants: Sherika Colston Amberly Reynolds Stella Elberg Emily Rizzo


  5. National Problem • Approximately 25,000 children are struck by motor vehicles each year in the United States. • Pedestrian vs. motor vehicle crashes represents 22% of total injury by this population (NHTSA 2000). • More school aged pedestrians are killed in the afternoon than the morning with 42% of the fatalities occurring in crashes between 3 and 4 pm (USDOT 1999).

  6. Miami-Dade County • 2003: Florida has the 2nd highest pedestrian fatality rates in the nation (NCSA, 2002). • 2003: Miami-Dade county is ranked #1 in the State for pedestrian fatalities and injuries (FDOT). • The mortality rate of pedestrian trauma in this county (3.9 per 100,000) is higher than the national average (2.3 per 100,000) (McCann & DeLillie,2000).

  7. Miami-Dade County Miami-Dade MPO Pedestrian Crash Data Base

  8. Pedestrian Injuries and Fatalities M-D County All Ages

  9. Ryder Trauma Center

  10. M-D CountyTrauma Center Data

  11. Walk Safe Task Force established in 2001

  12. Literature Review • Child education programs are the most effective approach to prevention. • Widely acceptance of teaching pedestrian safety skills by using knowledge-base approaches and practical training exercises in a real traffic environment (Zeedyk eta l., 2002). • The United States many years and millions of dollars researching pedestrian and bicycle safety; however, few comprehensive interventions designed to reduce pedestrian injuries in children have been evaluated.

  13. USA Needs a Program • In Canada and the United Kingdom pedestrian/bicycle safety is taught nationwide for all school-aged children. • There have been many attempts to teach this information, however, it is now recommended that the best place for it to be learned is in the classroom.

  14. Injury Prevention ModelThe Four E’s  Education  Engineering  Enforcement  Encouragement

  15. Walk Safe Can …. Reduce pediatric pedestrian injury and fatalities by providing the Walk Safe Program, a school-based safety education program for elementary school age children

  16. Community-Based Partnership The Ryder Trauma Center Miami – Dade County Public Schools Miami – Dade Police Department Metro-Dade Public Works Department Miami–Dade School Board Police Dept. Beber Silverstein Group Funded by Florida Department of Transportation

  17. Study Phases Phase I: Review of the literature and Retrospective data review and develop Prospective Surveillance System (2001) Phase II: Develop PPT Study & Partnerships (2001/2002) Phase III: Pilot Project in 4 schools in 2 high risk districts (2/02) Phase IV: WalkSafe:16 schools in LC (2/03) Phase V: WalkSafe:203 schools MD(10/03) Phase VI: Sustaining WalkSafe and (10/04) Expansion

  18. But can it work…In the highest risk area in Miami-Dade County? The primary aim of Phase IV was to evaluate the effectiveness of the Walk Safe program, an elementary school based pedestrian safety program in a single high-risk district in Miami-Dade County.

  19. WALKSAFE PROGRAMPPT Study: 16 Elementary Schools in Liberty City

  20. Liberty City Pedestrian Crashes Before and After Walk Safe Program

  21. The Intervention Making Communities Safer

  22. Program Objectives • Implementation of a formal educational school based program for elementary school children ( K -5) • Development of a comprehensive multidisciplinary community oriented partnership program, involving: education, engineering and enforcement. • Implementation of the Walk Safe Program on a yearly basis.

  23. Goals • To lower the incidence of Pediatric Pedestrian Trauma (PPT). • Increase school age children’s knowledge about pedestrian safety. • Develop street crossing skills. • Change pedestrian behavior. • Create a more pedestrian – friendly environment around schools. • Collect data to measure program outcomes.

  24. Walk Safe Program Curriculum The program will be held daily for half hour sessions on three consecutive days. Three separate curricula will be presented: - Kindergarten and Grade 1 - Grades 2 and 3 - Grades 4 and 5 Each curriculum has three lesson plans.

  25. Intervention Schedule The program curricula will be taught this year to coincide with the International Walk to School Day.

  26. International Walk to School Week International Walk to School Week: October 3 – 7, 2005 International Walk to School Day: Wednesday October 5, 2005 Information: call Brian Hannigan, RN @ 305-666-6511 ext. 2516

  27. International Walk to School Day, 2003 – Devon Aire Elementary

  28. International Walk to School Day, 2003 – Devon Aire Elementary

  29. Walk Safe Outline • Objective • Materials • Agenda and Activities • Surveys • Dissemination

  30. Educational Videos All videos for the Walk Safe Program will be available on Teachers Choice. In order to schedule the videos for your class you need to call 786- 275- 0800 and then follow the menu.

  31. Walk Safe Websites • • FLASH/index.html and • These websites have all the materials needed for the Walk Safe program. For any further information, contact the Neurotrauma Research Office at 305-243-8115.

  32. Walk Safe Program CurriculumKindergarten and Grade 1 Day 1: Classroom Education & Video • Thought provoking questions (pay special attention to their answers). • Videos: “Stop and Look with Willy Whistle” , “A Surprise for Otto” • Students will answer questions about the video. • Complete workbook activities.

  33. WalkSafe Program CurriculumKindergarten and Grade 1 Day 2: Outside Simulation • A brief review. • Street crossing activity: Using a pretend road (set-up on school grounds), students will be asked to react to different scenarios. • Red & green circles will be needed. • If time permits, students should complete workbook activities.

  34. Outside Simulation Car on thestreet Students Curb/edge Cones Spot for teacher, Conducting the simulation

  35. An open space and creativity are needed to recreate your pretend road…

  36. Stop and look L-R-L

  37. At the front of a carStop and look L-R-L

  38. Throw out a ball and see if the child follows the safety rules

  39. WalkSafe Program CurriculumKindergarten and Grade 1 Day 3: Poster Contest • Review key concepts learned during the week. • Students will create a poster about how to cross the street safely. • Each child will receive a Walk Safe certificate.

  40. WalkSafe Program CurriculumGrades 2 and 3 • Same basic layout as K-curriculum. • Use of the same videos. • Introduce the word pedestrian. • Outside activities are the same. • Poster contest on day 3.

  41. WalkSafe Program CurriculumGrades 4 and 5 Day1 • Short video: “Walking With Your Eyes.” Days 2 • A brief review. • Using a pretend road (set-up on school grounds), students will play a game that requires them to use their knowledge of pedestrian safety.

  42. WalkSafe Program CurriculumGrades 4 and 5 Day 3 • Review key concepts learned during the week. • Students will create a poster about how to cross the street safely. • Each child will receive a WALKSAFE certificate.

  43. Engineering Componentfor Liberty City Schools The following environmental recommendations for pedestrian were safety submitted: ● New street signage for pedestrians (16/16) ● Repaint pavement markings (16/16) ● New flashing signals (3/16) ● Relocation of speed and loading zones (5/16) ● Increase maintenance of the street (2/16) ●Relocation of signals and crosswalks (4/16) ●Request for additional crossing guards (2/16) A total of 32 orders were approved by the Department to be corrected during the year 2003.

  44. Enforcement For the month of October we encourage the participation of the M-D Police Dept and M-D School Board Police and City of Miami Gardens Police Dept. to increase radar, ticketing and enforce traffic laws around the elementary schools.

  45. Checklist • Program available on line. • Copy of the curriculum and program materials. • Schedule a training session using the Walk Safe PowerPoint presentation for all of your teachers at your school. • Work on time and scheduling for the program on the designated days. • Check resources available at your school.

  46. Teachers Survey Make sure your teachers complete the Walk Safe Program Survey available online and submit it back to your schools office at the end of the program. Your feedback is very important to us…

  47. …You can help our kids Walk Safe! Ayude a nuestros ninos a dar pasos seguros !!