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Safe Prisons Program

Safe Prisons Program. Offender Sexual Assault. Performance Objectives. Define sexual assault as it occurs in prisons. Identify the traits and characteristics of the potential victim. Describe the Rape Trauma Syndrome (RTS). Identify staff intervention practices. Discuss evidence protocol.

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Safe Prisons Program

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  1. Safe Prisons Program Offender Sexual Assault

  2. Performance Objectives • Define sexual assault as it occurs in prisons. • Identify the traits and characteristics of the potential victim. • Describe the Rape Trauma Syndrome (RTS). • Identify staff intervention practices. • Discuss evidence protocol. • Explain Prison Rape Elimination Act (PREA). • Understand certain sexual assault characteristics.

  3. Safe Prisons in Texas

  4. Some Areas of Concern Related to Sexually Aggressive Behavior • Violence • Intimidation and Extortion • Suicides • Increased “tension” among inmate population • Special Housing • Increases Healthcare Utilization • Danger to Self • Legal Liability • Consensual Sex

  5. Definitions • Exploitation • Forcible Rape • Predator • Rape • Sexual Assault

  6. Victim Profile – Who is Targeted? • Review physical profile • Power is the essential ingredient • Once assaulted - marked • Victims may repeat violence and produce violence upon the community

  7. Perpetrator Profile • Motivated by power and control • Barter system • Non homosexual and dominant • Gang-affiliated • Violent history • Large physical stature • Recidivist • Manipulative

  8. Potential Victims Should be Aware of: Review the list of actions potential victims should be aware

  9. Continuum of Behaviors • Sexual assault • Exploitative tactics • Sexual coercion/emotional blackmail (protective parings) • Sexual harassment, pinching, grabbing, groping

  10. Sexual Assault • Define sexual assault • Define forcible rape

  11. Sexual Assault (cont.) • Offenders can become a victim of sexual assault by: • Pressure by one or more offenders • Threats • Physical force • Indebted to the perpetrator

  12. Gang Rape • Most brutal act of sexual aggression • Demoralizing • Causes severe emotional, physical and psychological damage • Define • Turned out • Punk • Daddy • Protector

  13. One-on-One Sexual Assault • Most common form of rape in prison • Victim may choose this behavior as a method of survival

  14. Scenario/Role-PlayClassroom Discussion Have class participate as a group.

  15. Rape Trauma Syndrome (RTS) • Define • Common characteristics

  16. The AIDS/HIV Factor • Common form of sexual gratification for rapists is sodomy • In gang rape situations, the potential for more than one party to become infected is much more prevalent

  17. Staff Institutional Culture • Farmer vs. Brennan • Deliberate indifference

  18. Staff Awareness and Intervention • Important ingredient for curtailing sexual assault • Staff intervention • Treat any observation of sexual activity as potential sexual assault

  19. Activity • Essential Elements • Answers are provided in Instructor Note

  20. Health Services Protocol • All offenders who claim to be victims of sexual assault will be immediately evaluated, examined, and appropriately referred for required services. • Health Services Policy requirements • Collection of evidence • House Bill 1234, 2001 • Offender victim representative • Initial Report Protocol • Offender Housing/Placement

  21. Evidence Protocol • In accordance with Office of Inspector General (OIG) guidelines • AD-16.03 • Preservation of physical evidence and crime scene • Crime scene shall be secured and remain undisturbed until OIG arrival

  22. Evidence ProtocolGuidelines • Stabilize situation • Written notes • Videotape/photograph • Identify participants and bystanders • Preserve crime scene • Immediate securing of evidence • Criminal offense • Serious nature • Minor nature

  23. Immediate Intervention Techniques • Protect the offender • Evidence handling and crime scene protection • Good documentation • Notify a supervisor • Universal precautions

  24. Scenario/Role-Play Have class participate as a group.

  25. Witnessing the Attack • Avoid physical intervention… be safe • Issue a verbal command to stop • If verbal commands are unsuccessful, request additional staff and utilize chemical agents • Remain calm • Do not ridicule

  26. Safe Prisons Plan • In some situations, measures must be taken to achieve a greater degree of protection for certain offenders who are at an increased risk of sexual assault by others.

  27. How to Create Safer and More Secure Environment • Verbal interventions • Changes in housing assignments, work assignments, or work-shift hours • Placement of aggressive/assaulting offenders in administrative segregation or changing custody due to major disciplinary cases • Transfer to another unit/facility • Assignment to safekeeping status

  28. Institutional Culture • Staff culture • Offender culture • Popular (public) culture • Prison Rape Elimination Act of 2003 (PREA)

  29. Conclusion • Protect the alleged victim! • Protect the crime scene! • Immediately contact your supervisor! • Documentation of the incident must be clear, concise, and accurate!

  30. Summary Questions?

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