Safe Prisons Program Offender Sexual Assault
Performance Objectives • Define sexual assault as it occurs in prisons. • Identify the traits and characteristics of the potential victim. • Describe the Rape Trauma Syndrome (RTS). • Identify staff intervention practices. • Discuss evidence protocol. • Explain Prison Rape Elimination Act (PREA). • Understand certain sexual assault characteristics.
Some Areas of Concern Related to Sexually Aggressive Behavior • Violence • Intimidation and Extortion • Suicides • Increased “tension” among inmate population • Special Housing • Increases Healthcare Utilization • Danger to Self • Legal Liability • Consensual Sex
Definitions • Exploitation • Forcible Rape • Predator • Rape • Sexual Assault
Victim Profile – Who is Targeted? • Review physical profile • Power is the essential ingredient • Once assaulted - marked • Victims may repeat violence and produce violence upon the community
Perpetrator Profile • Motivated by power and control • Barter system • Non homosexual and dominant • Gang-affiliated • Violent history • Large physical stature • Recidivist • Manipulative
Potential Victims Should be Aware of: Review the list of actions potential victims should be aware
Continuum of Behaviors • Sexual assault • Exploitative tactics • Sexual coercion/emotional blackmail (protective parings) • Sexual harassment, pinching, grabbing, groping
Sexual Assault • Define sexual assault • Define forcible rape
Sexual Assault (cont.) • Offenders can become a victim of sexual assault by: • Pressure by one or more offenders • Threats • Physical force • Indebted to the perpetrator
Gang Rape • Most brutal act of sexual aggression • Demoralizing • Causes severe emotional, physical and psychological damage • Define • Turned out • Punk • Daddy • Protector
One-on-One Sexual Assault • Most common form of rape in prison • Victim may choose this behavior as a method of survival
Scenario/Role-PlayClassroom Discussion Have class participate as a group.
Rape Trauma Syndrome (RTS) • Define • Common characteristics
The AIDS/HIV Factor • Common form of sexual gratification for rapists is sodomy • In gang rape situations, the potential for more than one party to become infected is much more prevalent
Staff Institutional Culture • Farmer vs. Brennan • Deliberate indifference
Staff Awareness and Intervention • Important ingredient for curtailing sexual assault • Staff intervention • Treat any observation of sexual activity as potential sexual assault
Activity • Essential Elements • Answers are provided in Instructor Note
Health Services Protocol • All offenders who claim to be victims of sexual assault will be immediately evaluated, examined, and appropriately referred for required services. • Health Services Policy requirements • Collection of evidence • House Bill 1234, 2001 • Offender victim representative • Initial Report Protocol • Offender Housing/Placement
Evidence Protocol • In accordance with Office of Inspector General (OIG) guidelines • AD-16.03 • Preservation of physical evidence and crime scene • Crime scene shall be secured and remain undisturbed until OIG arrival
Evidence ProtocolGuidelines • Stabilize situation • Written notes • Videotape/photograph • Identify participants and bystanders • Preserve crime scene • Immediate securing of evidence • Criminal offense • Serious nature • Minor nature
Immediate Intervention Techniques • Protect the offender • Evidence handling and crime scene protection • Good documentation • Notify a supervisor • Universal precautions
Scenario/Role-Play Have class participate as a group.
Witnessing the Attack • Avoid physical intervention… be safe • Issue a verbal command to stop • If verbal commands are unsuccessful, request additional staff and utilize chemical agents • Remain calm • Do not ridicule
Safe Prisons Plan • In some situations, measures must be taken to achieve a greater degree of protection for certain offenders who are at an increased risk of sexual assault by others.
How to Create Safer and More Secure Environment • Verbal interventions • Changes in housing assignments, work assignments, or work-shift hours • Placement of aggressive/assaulting offenders in administrative segregation or changing custody due to major disciplinary cases • Transfer to another unit/facility • Assignment to safekeeping status
Institutional Culture • Staff culture • Offender culture • Popular (public) culture • Prison Rape Elimination Act of 2003 (PREA)
Conclusion • Protect the alleged victim! • Protect the crime scene! • Immediately contact your supervisor! • Documentation of the incident must be clear, concise, and accurate!