What is debating? • LUDS practice British parliamentary debate that is: • A structured argument about a certain topic (motion) • Between two sides and four teams. The proposition (Government) and the opposition. • Eight speeches of 5 or 7 minute duration. Made up of arguments from your own personal knowledge, there is no outside evidence • The aim is to convince the Chair person that your team has been the most convincing (through your reasoning, arguments and explanations) and therefore deserve to win the debate.
Teams • Two sides to the debate (prop and opp), each side divided again into two teams 1st prop, 2nd prop,1st opp, 2nd opp. • Each team is made up of two people, with slightly differing roles. • Your team is chosen through the luck of the draw
Positions and Roles Speakers podium 1st prop 1st opp Infavour Against 2nd prop 2nd opp Chair person
Order of Speakers • The speakers make their arguments in this order: Prime Minister Leader of the Opposition Deputy Prime Minister Deputy Leader of the Opposition Member of Government Member of the Opposition Government whip Opposition whip
Roles • 1st prop, 1st speaker: • Define the debate • Sets out the line of the prop side • Identify the problem with society • Tell us what you will do and how you will do it – mechanism • Make the three most important arguments
Roles • Prop and opp second speakers: • Add new points or back up your partners • Rebut the earlier speeches • Add new information
Roles Extension Speakers (2nd prop/ opp, 1st speaker): Add new points or extend points made by the earlier speakers. Rebut earlier speakers Add new information
Roles • Summation (2nd prop/opp, 2nd speaker): • Sum up the debate as a whole • Find 3 points of clash • Show how your side and team has won the debate • Rebut previous speakers ( within speech)
Structure • Introduce points (road map) • Rebuttle • 3 main points • Sum up 1st prop, 1st speaker: • Define problem- key terms, status quo • Mechanism • 3 points • Sum up
Timing • 5 minute speeches • First and last minute protected • Up to 2 minutes rebuttal • Sum up only if you have time • Single bang ends or begins protected time • Two bangs signals 5 minute mark
Points of information • Made in unprotected time (middle 3 mins) • RELEVANT questions to your opposition • Must stand up • Address your opposition as Sir or Madam • No longer than 15 seconds • Each speaker should aim to accept and make at least one • Whether the POI is accepted is the speakers own choice. • Flag your later points if second half of the table • Stay involved if top half
Things never to do • Knifing: Changing the mechanism, going against your partner or the first half of the table • Squirreling: Changing the motion to suit your own terms • Mentioning the Nazis: Do not liken anyone to Hitler or the Nazis. Bad form.
Practice Debate • THW tax unhealthy lifestyles