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Linguistics Syntax Pages 89 –98 5 th Edition PowerPoint Presentation
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Linguistics Syntax Pages 89 –98 5 th Edition

Linguistics Syntax Pages 89 –98 5 th Edition

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Linguistics Syntax Pages 89 –98 5 th Edition

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  1. Today we are going to make sure you understand and are able to give examples of the following sentence types:Yes/No questionWh-QuestionRhetorical QuestionNegationCommandTopicalizationConditionalDeclarative

  2. Linguistics SyntaxPages 89 –98 5th Edition

  3. Warm up and Review:

  4. Question: What are the building blocks used in phonology?

  5. Answer: Individual features of signs.

  6. Question: What does "individual features of signs" mean?

  7. Answer: Handshape, Location, Orientation, Holds & Movements, NMM"s

  8. Question: What are the building blocks used in Morphology?

  9. Answer: "units of meaning"

  10. Question: (Review) List 5 ways to create or come up with new signs in ASL.[5th Edition pg 59]

  11. Derive nouns from verbs, (SIT to CHAIR)

  12. Compound two existing free morphemes, (THINK + MARRY = BELIEVE)

  13. Represent English orthographic symbols via special signs known as "fingerspelling" and then

  14. Lexicalize those signs, (#BACK or #JOB)

  15. Borrow a sign from another signed language, (ITALY-[new-version], CHINA-[new-version])

  16. Agentive Suffix: TEACHERLAWYERACTOR

  17. Question: (Review) What is the difference between "derivational morphology" and "inflectional morphology?" [5th Ed, pgs 58-59]

  18. In "derivational morphology" we "derive" or "come up with or create" new "units" (words) for a language. [Think of "word classes": nouns, verbs, adjectives, etc.]

  19. In "inflectional morphology" we are not creating "new" units, rather we are tweaking existing units. We are adding grammatical information (such as "who did what to whom," "how long something went on," or "how many of something there are" – plurality, etc.).

  20. Question: The number of sentences that can be produced in a language is infinite. This is known as what characteristic of language?

  21. Answer: Productivity

  22. 127We have been looking at basic rules for word order.Now let’s consider some basic sentence types in ASL.

  23. 91 [5th Ed.]Now let’s consider some basic sentence types in ASL.Five basic sentence types tend to have very specific nonmanual features: questionsnegationscommandstopicalizationconditionalsdeclaratives

  24. 92 [5th Ed.] 127[4th Ed.]Yes-No QuestionsEnglish = Voice rise up at end of sentence

  25. ASL Yes/no Questionseyebrows raise(may) tilt head(may) lean body forward(may) raise shoulders(may) hold last sign longer

  26. Page 128 (4th Ed.) 92 (5th Ed.)

  27. Note: The former symbol for glossing of Yes-No questions was a “q” on a line above the question phrase.(Old)_________qMAN HOMELately we are using "y/n" instead:(New)_________y/nMAN HOME

  28. 5th Edition changes from 4th Edition: Symbol for glossing of Yes-No questions is now a “y/n” on a line above the question phrase._________y/nMAN HOME

  29. 92 [5th Ed.] 129 [4th Ed.] \Question MarkNote: Used to be called "Question Mark Wiggle," now just called "Question Mark." Used to be glossed as QM-wg.Now just glossed as QUESTION-MARK.

  30. QUESTION-MARK:Tends to be used when signer is surprised or when something is unexpected.Compare to the English: (Really????)Also used when double checking or incredulous.

  31. Page 93 [5th Ed.] 128 (4th Ed.) Wh-questionsWh-questions tend to use signs like:Where / Who / When / What / Why

  32. Page 128 (4th Ed.) Page 93 (5th Ed.)

  33. Wh-question nonmanual marker:eyebrow squint(may) head tilt(may) lean slightly forward(may) hunch shoulders

  34. Example:______whMAN WHERE

  35. Page 129 (4th Ed.) Page 93 (5th Ed.)

  36. 129 [4th Ed.]94 [5th Ed.]Rhetorical Questions:Look like questions but the signer doesn’t expect an answer.

  37. Page 130 [4th Edition] page 94 [5th Ed.]

  38. Note: Rhetorical QuestionsThe gloss for a rhetorical question used to be “rhet” but is now just "rh":Example:rhPRO.1 TIRED WHY STUDY ALL-NIGHT

  39. Common signs used for rhetorical questions include:REASONWHENWHOWHATWHEREFOR-FOR

  40. p. 130 4th Ed.

  41. p. 130 4th Ed. p. 94 [5th Ed.]Rhetorical Question nonmanual marker:Raised eyebrowsSlight shake or tilt of the head

  42. Dr. Bill’s note:Think of a rhetorical as asking: “Do you want to know why?”“Do you want to know who?”“Do you want to know what for?”“Do you want to know where?”Those are actually yes/no questions and thus use a yes-no nonmanual marker.

  43. Page 94 [5th Ed.]Page 130 [4th Ed.]Negation

  44. Page 131 [4th Ed.] Page 94 [5th Ed.]The process of changing an affirmative sentence to a negative is called negation.Nonmanual signals: shaking the head from side to side(may) frown(may) squint

  45. Gloss symbol: “neg”Example_______negMAN HOME

  46. 95 [5th Ed.] 131 [4th Ed.]Commands:Also called “imperatives”English deletes the subject. Ex: “Sit down!”ASL Ex: *SIT* 

  47. Commands:Nonmanual markers:Making direct eye contact(maybe) frowning

  48. Dr. Bill’s notes:Commands tend to modify the movements to be larger and the holds to be longer—especially at the end of the sign.

  49. 131 [4th Ed.] 95 [5th Ed.]Topicalization:Topicalization is when the object of the sentence is moved to the front of the sentence.

  50. Instead of signing: The father loves the child: “FATHER LOVE CHILD”