Fictional/AutobiographicalNarrative Purpose: To TELL a STORY Tone: Varies due to mood of story, DESCRIBES by using ACTION VERBS and VIVID LANGUAGE Point of View: First person or THIRD person Commonly Used Key Words or Language TRANSITION WORDS to SIGNAL CHRONOLOGICAL ORDER OF PLOT EVENTS Include FORESHADOWING to build suspense Terms and/or Writing Strategies Involved EXPOSITION, Rising Action EVENTS, Climax, Resolution Sensory details/IMAGERY SUSPENSE DIALOGUE Structure and Organization “Hook” Introducing Exposition Rising ACTION Events CLIMAX RESOLUTION
Narrative Brainstorming Climax: Title: _____________________ Event 4: Event 3: Event 2: Event 1: Resolution: Exposition:
Response to Literature Purpose: To show ACCURATE and INSIGHTFUL understanding and ORIGINAL interpretation of a CHARACTER and THEME Tone: Formal and DIRECT Point of View: THIRD person Commonly Used Key Words of Language: AT FIRST, the character… OVER TIME… IN THE END, the character learned… Overall, an important theme is… Terms and/or Writing Strategies Involved: Examples/TEXTUAL evidence used to support your thesis Include quotations (CD) T.A.G. Who/What story is about THESIS (end of intro.) Structure and Organization: Each BODY paragraph begins with a TS, is balanced with CD and CM, and ends with a CS. Conclusion ends with a “worldly wise” truth/moral/lesson.
Response to Lit. Brainstorming Theme: Material possessions are not as important as sharing love and understanding with those around you.
Summary • Purpose: to summarize the text with clear identification of the main idea(s) and most significant details, in the student’s own words, that clearly reflects underlying meaning. • What does this mean? • “Summarize the text with clear identification of the main idea(s) and most significant details” = • In your essay you will explain the information given in the article. You will highlight the most important points that the article makes. • “In the student’s own words” = • You will not copy words from the article, but will rephrase the same ideas in different words (think – smart synonyms). • “That clearly reflects underlying meaning” = • The article is not just giving you a list of facts; the article is also telling you the opinion of the writer – sometimes through direct writing and sometimes through hints or clues. You will identify the opinion of the writer, and include their opinion (NOT your own) in your summary
Steps to Summary Success • Actively read the article. • Write (annotate) directly on the article. • Visualize what the article is explaining. • Repeat in your mind what the article is saying (in your own words). • Question what will be written next, then search for those facts as you read. • Review your annotations (underlining key sentences and words, summary statements next to each body paragraph, etc.) • Brainstorm your response on a new or scrap piece of paper. • Create a bubble chart with the main idea in the center, and supporting details in the surrounding bubbles. • Make a bullet-point outline noting the most important details of the article. • Write your summary essay!
Bats are mammals and are like humans in their bone structure. Only one kind of bat drinks blood and all bats are useful to the world. There are around 1,000 kinds of bats and they are different from each other in size and diet. MAIN IDEA: Many people misunderstand bats. Bats have good vision but also use echolocation to fly and find food. The future for bats is in danger… Summary Brainstorming
Persuasive • Purpose: To take a position on an issue and CONVINCE the reader • Tone: CONFIDENT and PERSUASIVE • Point of View: First person or THIRD person • Commonly Used Key Words or Language: • Transition words: First, Secondly, In conclusion • Although…however, • While I can agree that…however… • It is clear that… • As proven… • Terms and/or Writing Strategies Involved: • COUNTER-ARGUMENT • EVIDENCE (5 types) used to SUPPORT opinions (D.A.P.E.S.) • Structure and Organization: • Start with a “hook” • THESIS at the end of the introduction (take a position) • Two main BODY paragraphs • (TS, CD, CM, CM, CS) • COUNTER-ARGUMENT • CONCLUSION includes a call to action and BRIEF re-cap/summary of main points.
Persuasive Brainstorming Concrete Detail (CD) Main Idea/TS #1: State your first reason why your thesis is correct. Commentary (CM) Commentary (CM) Thesis: What are you going to prove? Your thesis should state the topic, opinion, and twomain reasons to support your argument. Concrete Detail (CD) Main Idea/TS #2: State your second reason why your thesis is correct. Commentary (CM) Commentary (CM) CD + CM = Counterargument/TS #3: What is one main reason why someone might argue against your thesis? What is your rebuttal, or answer back to their concern, that proves your thesis is correct? Concrete Detail (CD) Commentary (CM) Commentary (CM)