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Food Pyramid

Food Pyramid

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Food Pyramid

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  1. Food Pyramid Food Groups & Nutrients

  2. Grains Group • Defined: Foods made from wheat, rice, oats, barley, etc. • Examples: bread, cereal, pasta, oatmeal, … • KEY NOTE: Make at least half your grains whole grains! • Whole Grains -  • contain the entire grain kernel • Refined Grains -  • Grains have been milled, a process that removes fiber, iron, and B vitamins

  3. Vegetable Group • Defined: Vegetables (duh) & vegetable juice • Examples: carrots, broccoli, corn, asparagus, pumpkins, …. • KEY NOTE: Vary your veggies! • 5 subgroups: different color veggies provide you will different kinds of nutrients that your body needs

  4. Fruit Group • Defined: Fruits (of course) & fruit juices • Examples: Apples, Bananas, oranges, … • KEY NOTE: fruits contain natural sugars that convert to energy quickly… make half your plate fruits and vegetables http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=cL_qGMfbtAk

  5. Dairy Group • Defined: milk and foods made from milk that retain calcium (not cream cheese, or butter) • Examples: Milk, cheese, yogurt,… • KEY NOTE: drink fat-free or low-fat (1%) milk • Watch your fat and sugar intake with dairy products

  6. Protein Foods Group • Defined: foods made from meat, poultry, seafood, beans, eggs, nuts, seeds, soy • Examples: chicken, ham, beef, peanuts, fish, lobster, sunflower seeds, tofu, • KEY NOTE: choose lean meats and prepare food with little or no added fat

  7. Nutrient • A substance in food that helps with body processes, helps with growth and repair of cells, and provides energy

  8. Six Nutrients • Carbohydrates • Protein • Fat • Minerals • Vitamins • Water

  9. Carbohydrates Carbohydrates are the primary source of energy. • Sugars (simple) • Starches (complex) Sources of Carbohydrates: - Whole wheat breads - Rice - Pasta - Potatoes (starches) - Fruits - milk

  10. Protein Protein is essential for body growth and repair of body cells. (can also provide energy) Sources of Protein: • Meats • Eggs • Fish • Nuts • Beans

  11. Fats Fats are a source of energy (stored) It also protects against temperature changes. Sources of Fat: • Butter - Cheese • Eggs - Meat

  12. Vitamins Vitamins help regulate body functions: • Process other nutrients • Fight infection Sources of Vitamins: • Fruits • Vegetables • Whole grain breads

  13. Minerals Minerals help your body work properly: • Process other nutrients • Iron in blood Sources of Minerals: • Milk • Meats • Whole grain cereal

  14. Water Water is essential to our body because it carries nutrients. (found in all food) • Eliminates waste • Regulates body temperature Sources of Water: • Juices - Oranges • Milk - meats