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Older, Wiser, Stronger Understanding Elder Abuse

Older, Wiser, Stronger Understanding Elder Abuse

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Older, Wiser, Stronger Understanding Elder Abuse

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  1. Older, Wiser, StrongerUnderstanding Elder Abuse Presented by: ElderCare Rights Alliance

  2. Objectives • Gain a comprehensive understanding of Minnesota’s Vulnerable Adult law and understand the process and aftermath of making a maltreatment report.

  3. Objectives • Improve your ability to assess the risk for abuse in staff, care recipients, and facilities and learn how to address these challenges.

  4. Objectives • Create innovative abuse prevention plans for individuals and families.

  5. National Elder Abuse Statistics • 90% know their perpetrator 6. • 66% adult children/spouses 5. • Various authorities report for every 1 case of elder abuse reported 5 to 8 go unreported • Every 2 minutes someone is sexually assaulted1. • Every 2.7 minutes an elder is victimized2.

  6. Minnesota Elder Abuse Facts • Abuse has been increasing at approximately 10% a year • Types of abuse investigated (2003) • Neglect 45.8% • Self-neglect 29.8% • Abuse 12.4% • Financial Exploitation 11.9% • Sexual Assault 0.1%

  7. Minnesota Elder Abuse Facts • Housing settings where abuse typically occurs: • Licensed facilities 48% • Other facilities 8% • Home and Community 36% • Unknown 8%

  8. QUIZ

  9. Who is the Vulnerable Adult?

  10. Vulnerable Adult • Person 18 years or older who is: • resident or inpatient of a facility • one who receives services from a licensed home care provider, or • from a personal care attendant provider under the Medical Assistance program

  11. Vulnerable Adult • The law applies to persons 18 years of age or older who regardless of residence or whether any type of service is received, possesses a physical, mental, or emotional impairment which limits that person’s ability to provide adequately for his or her own care without help, and has an impaired ability to protect himself or herself from harm.

  12. Vulnerable Adult Categorical vs. Functional • Categorical: automatically considered to be a vulnerable adult because they are a patient or resident of a facility • Functional: person resides in the community or assisted living facility

  13. Vulnerable Adult • Situational vs. Chronic • Situational: temporary illness or recovering from a broken bone • Chronic: long-term such as Parkinson’s disease, dementia, or developmental disability

  14. What Are the Types of Abuse

  15. What Are the Types of Abuse • Neglect • Physical Abuse • Verbal Abuse • Emotional Abuse • Sexual Assault • Financial Exploitation • Self-Neglect

  16. Unexplained bruises Sudden decline in hygiene Sudden withdrawal or isolation Crying spells Hoarding Medications not being filled Unexplained transfer of assets or possessions A vulnerable adult’s report of being abused Warning Signs

  17. Who Abuses?

  18. Who Abuses? • Care givers (formal and informal) • Adult children and other family members • Spouses • Friends

  19. Who are Mandated Reporters

  20. Who are Mandated Reporters • Professionals such as: • Social Workers • Law Enforcement • Nurses • Healthcare Professionals

  21. What is Reportable (1) Two residents of assisted living facility (both have dementia) get into a pushing/shoving altercation in the dining room.

  22. What is Reportable (2) A care provider witnesses another staff person yelling and swearing at a resident.

  23. What is Reportable (3) On your daily walk, you hear a neighbor yelling and cursing at their elderly next door neighbor.

  24. What is Reportable (4) A resident is walking down the hall using his walker, trips, falls and breaks his hip.

  25. What is Reportable (5) A resident is walking down the hallway with her walker, trips on some broken tile (that had been there for a while), falls and breaks her ankle.

  26. What is Reportable (6) A nurse is transferring a resident, when she accidentally drops the resident.

  27. What is Reportable (7) A resident needs a two-person transfer, however only one staff person assists transferring the resident from their wheelchair to the bed, drops the resident and the resident sustains injuries.

  28. Where to Report?

  29. Where to Report? • Common Entry Point (CEP) • Office of Health Facility Complaints (OHFC) • Adult Protective Services (APS) • Law Enforcement (911) • Supervisor (if you are in a facility that has an internal reporting process)

  30. What Happens Next? True or False: • Vulnerable Adult is removed from the dangerous situation. • Abuser is removed or arrested. • Law enforcement is called to investigate? • Nothing happens.

  31. End of Quiz

  32. What is Reportable?

  33. What Should be Included in Reports • Name and address of the vulnerable adult • What makes the person vulnerable? • What harm has been done? • Who is doing the harm? Always be thinking of why does this person need protection and how can they be helped.

  34. Duties of Designated Facility Reporters • Facility must have an established and enforced written policy on internal reporting. • The initial reporter meets their statutory requirements by reporting internally. • Facility is responsible for complying with immediate reporting requirements.

  35. Duties of Designated Facility Reporters • After a report has been made to the designated reporter, the facility MUST give the initial reporter WRITTEN notice whether or not the facility reported the incident to the Common Entry Point (CEP).

  36. Duties of Designated Facility Reporters • This written notice must be provided within two working days and in a manner that protects the confidentiality of the initial reporter. • The written notice MUST note that if the initial reporter is not satisfied with the action taken by the facility to report to the CEP, the reporter can report externally.

  37. Duties of Designated Facility Reporters • The written notice MUST also inform the initial reporter that they are protected from retaliatory measures by the facility if they chose to report externally. • A facility MAY NOT prohibit a mandated reporter from reporting externally.

  38. Risk Factors • Elders • Caregivers • Housing

  39. Elder Risk Factors • Combative • History of multiple incidents • History of substance abuse • Manipulative • Argumentative • Demanding • Hostile • Mute • Verbally abusive • Incontinent • Intrusive

  40. Caregiver Risk Factors • Alcohol drug use • Excessive absenteeism • Financial problems • Poorly trained • Family problems • Mental illness • Chronic physical illness • Insubordination • Role reversal

  41. Housing Risk Factors • Accepting residents whose needs cannot be met by facility adequately • Frequent “reorganizations” • High personnel turn-over • High overtime demands • Inadequate and uninformed response to abuse

  42. Housing Risk Factors • Crowding/concentration of vulnerable adults • Inconsistent and unclear expectations of staff: • Lack of staff training • Lack of clear role definition • Poor communication – admin and staff • Underpaid staff

  43. Cultural, Gender, & Generational Considerations

  44. What Will You Do Differently Now?

  45. Promising Practices • Home administration communicates clearly and consistently that all residents and staff be treated with dignity and respect. • Employees feel comfortable about personnel problems with their supervisors. • Staff deal with minor incidents of abuse immediately. No level of abuse is tolerated. • Administration provides orientation and ongoing training programs for staff.

  46. Questions?

  47. Thank You!