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CineGrid for Digital Cinema and Beyond

CineGrid for Digital Cinema and Beyond

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CineGrid for Digital Cinema and Beyond

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  1. CineGrid for Digital Cinema and Beyond Tom DeFanti Research Scientist California Institute for Telecommunications and Information Technology University of California, San Diego Distinguished Professor Emeritus of Computer Science University of Illinois at Chicago

  2. The CineGrid Initiative • CineGrid is an initiative to provide media professionals access to global cyber-infrastructure capable of carrying ultra-high performance digital media using the photonic networks, middleware, transport protocols and collaboration tools originally developed for scientific research, visualization, and Grid computing. • In the process, “learn by doing,” train the next generation, and cultivate global inter-disciplinary communities to help advance the state of the art • CineGrid is people, facilities, networks and a not-for-profit organization

  3. Economic Impact of Cinema in California Major Employment from Movie Industry in California by County In 2004, more than 236 new movies were produced in the State of California. In 2005 movie production provided employment for over 245,000 Californians, with an associated payroll of more than $17 billion. Typical big movies each spend more than $60 million on production, have a long-term $200 million economic impact, create more than 900 full-time jobs, and yield $11 million in state sales taxes and income taxes when fully made in California.

  4. CENIC Already Connects California Schools and Research Labs SFSU • Systems developed for CineGrid can be applied to scientific visualization and distance learning in many fields • Useful information exchange between communities looking at “extreme” digital media problems from different perspectives • CineGrid demonstrations will focus developers, driving a virtuous cycle of “learning by doing” USC Calit2 UCI Calit2 UCSD

  5. The CineGrid Node at UCSD/Calit2 200 Seats, 8.2 Sound, Sony SXRD 4K projector, SGI Prism w/21TB, 10GE connectivity, NTT JPEG 2000 codecs

  6. The CineGrid Node at Keio University, Tokyo Japan Sony 4K Projectors Olympus 4K Cameras Imagica 4K Film Scanner SXRD-105 4K Projector NTT JPEG2000 Codec

  7. SAGE OptIPortal Software: 10 Wireless Laptop Users All Pushing Their Desktops to the EVL OptIPortal--Goal is a Distributed Gigapixel in 2007 A possible model for 4K workflow? Source: Luc Renambot, EVL

  8. CineGrid Infrastructure Tokyo Cisco is building two 10 GigE "Cisco Waves” on NLR on the West Coast and switches for access points in San Diego, Los Angeles, Sunnyvale, & Seattle for CineGrid Seattle Toronto Chicago CENIC is making available persistent 1 GigE access ports in San Diego, Los Angeles, Sunnyvale, & San Francisco for CineGrid and the fiber for 2x10GigE between UCSD and LA Sunnyvale Los Angeles Via GLIF, CineGrid extends to Japan via Seattle & Chicago; to Canada via Seattle & Chicago; to Europe via Chicago & Amsterdam. Further extension likely to China, Korea, Singapore, India, New Zealand, Australia, others. CalIT2 San Diego CineGrid Cisco 6506 10GigE Cisco NLR Wave 1& 10 GigE CENIC Waves IEEAF Wave via PNWGP/TLEX CAVEwave (CENIC and NLR via PNWGP) JGN2 CA*net4

  9. CineGrid Drivers • High-performance media is historically driven by three markets • 1) Entertainment, media, art and culture • 2) Science, medicine, education and research • 3) Military, intelligence, security and police • All three are in digital convergence and all need: • Fast networking with similar profiles • Access shared instruments, specialized computers and massive storage • Collaboration tools for distributed, remote teams • Robust security to protect intellectual property • Upgraded systems to allow higher quality, greater speed, more distributed applications • A next generation of trained professionals

  10. CineGrid Target Applications • Store-and-forward secure content delivery • Streaming secure content transmission • Pre-production collaborative design & planning • Studio and remote production of sound and picture • Digital dailies, interactive viewing & mark-up • Distributed post production of audio/video • Digital film scanning and restoration • Digital media archiving • Remote calibration and quality control of audio/video • Education of next generation professionals These and other CineGrid applications will challenge the engineering of networked systems at every level

  11. DCI Digital Cinema Specification2005 “DIGITAL CINEMA INITIATIVES (DCI) ANNOUNCES FINAL OVERALL SYSTEM REQUIREMENTS AND SPECIFICATIONS FOR DIGITAL CINEMA Agreement Gives Manufacturers of Digital Projectors and Theater Equipment One Universal Standard in Creating the Next Generation of Cinemas (Hollywood, CA - July 27, 2005) Digital Cinema Initiatives, LLC (DCI) is a joint venture of Disney, Fox, Paramount, Sony Pictures Entertainment, Universal and Warner Bros. Studios. DCI's primary purpose is to establish and document voluntary specifications for an open architecture for digital cinema that ensures a uniform and high level of technical performance, reliability and quality control.” • Image format: 2048x1080 (2K) and 4096x2160 (4K) • Color: 12-bits/color, 4:4:4, SMPTE XYZ • Frame rate: 24fps or 48fps for stereo • Compression: JPEG 2000 up to maximum of 250 Mbps for distribution • Encryption: AES 128 for Digital Cinema Package; SHA-2 (256bit) for Key • Watermarking: invisible injection of time/screen ID in projected image

  12. More: TV and Motion Picture Bit Rates(Data from Laurin Herr, Pacific Interface, Inc.)

  13. Engineering CineGrid Example Test your existing network connection to Calit2, for example. Use IPERF several times to test UDP and TCP performance. If performance is sub-gigabit/s, use NLR and CENIC, for example, to connect to Calit2. You

  14. Engineering CineGrid: 2 Create a new vlan for your local network This will bypass local firewalls, expose local switches’ capabilities, motivate new fiber/copper runs, allow fat UDP Remember, GigE is more than most campuses or businesses connect to the outside. You

  15. Engineering CineGrid: 3 Either extend this new vlan to Calit2 or route this local vlan to a shared vlan with Calit2. This obviously takes great cooperation among the institutions and circuit owners. CineGrid is ALL about arranging cooperation. You

  16. Engineering CineGrid: 4 Ensure all vlans support Maximum Transmission Unit (mtu) of 9216 (“jumbo frame enabled”). Ensure all physical interfaces have mtu 9216 support as well. You

  17. Engineering CineGrid: 5 Set up at least one IP interface to the vlan. Test the end-to-end connection again with IPERF. IP interface You

  18. Engineering CineGrid: Finale Send / receive content IP interface You Source: Brian Dunne, Calit2

  19. Starting in 2007 • CineGrid will be established as a non-profit international membership organization administratively based in California, starting early 2007. • To support members’ research, CineGrid will organize network testbeds prepared to host a variety of experimental digital media projects designed to require very high bandwidth with appropriate security safeguards between a limited number of “trusted” users and systems around the globe. • CineGrid will periodically organize inter-disciplinary workshops and demonstrations to share results and identify new avenues of research. Education and training of next-generation media professionals is our explicit goal.

  20. Thank You Very Much! • Our planning, research, and education efforts are made possible, in major part, by funding from: • US National Science Foundation (NSF) awards ANI-0225642, EIA-0115809, and SCI-0441094 • State of California, Calit2 UCSD Division • State of Illinois I-WIRE Program, and major UIC cost sharing • Argonne National Laboratory and Northwestern University for StarLight and I-WIRE networking and management • National Lambda Rail, Pacific Wave and CENIC • NTT Network Innovations Lab • Cisco Systems, Inc. • Pacific Interface, Inc.

  21. CineGrid NetworkingAs Prototyped by the OptIPuter Project • 4K JPEG2000 compressed video is 500Mb/s—peaks to a gigabit/s • Uncompressed needs 6Gb/s or more • Most campus networks use 10-100Mb/s lans to labs. Some have 1Gb/s. • Most campus networks have 155Mb/s, 622Mb/s or 1Gb/s connections • Internet connectivity is usually 10s to 100s of Mb/s • Internet2 connectivity is usually 100s of Mb/s to 1Gb/s • A few campuses have 10Gb/s connectivity to Internet2 and/or NLR • Future connections will widely support 10Gb/s, but not today • However, bandwidth is not the only issue • Need to use protocols that handle the bandwidth (UDP, not TCP) • It’s rude to use large-flow UDP on shared networks • Firewalls are a problem; large-flows are often shut down • Need fiber/copper to the end device(s) from the campus main switch • So, at this point, we use virtual local area network (vlan) “layer2” tech • Arguably not scalable, but works, controllable by GMPLS • MPLS has been shown to work as well (with big core routers)