Chapter 18Leadership Skills Workforce Essentials Ms. Baumgartner
Chapter 18 Objectives • Define leadership • Discuss different types of leadership skills • Explain the purpose of a Career & Technical Student Organization (CTSO) • Identify CTSO’s • Discuss parliamentary procedure and how it is used
Organizational Leadership • This chapter focuses on leadership within an organization • Leadership - the process of influencing people in order to accomplish the goals of the organization
Organizational Leadership • The following six types of skills represent actions and behaviors that most leaders seem to share: • Leaders are good communicators • Leaders develop committed followers • Leaders set high standards • Leaders are role models • Leaders search out key issues and problems • Leaders are involved in external relations • These skills can be learned by anyone!
Organizational Leadership • Career and technical student organizations (CTSO’s) are nonprofit, national organizations with state and local chapters • Each organization is linked with an occupational area, such as business, home economics, or health occupations • These organizations function as a key part of career and technical education • They give students opportunities to function as junior members of a trade or profession
Organizational Leadership • Students to apply skills learned in the classroom and interact with others in the occupational area • They develop a respect for the occupation and its code of ethics – rules for professional practice and behavior • Other outcomes for students involved in CTSO’s include service, developing decision-making skills, and building confidence • The national organization produces guidelines for students and teachers
Organizational Leadership • There are several different CTSO’s, we will discuss the following: • DECA – an organization for future leaders in marketing, merchandising, and management • FBLA – seeks to bring business and education together in a positive working relationship • HOSA – enhances the delivery of quality healthcare and promotes health care careers
Parliamentary Procedures • Parliamentary procedures is a way to conduct a meeting in a fair and orderly manner • It is called parliamentary because it comes from the rules and customs of the British Parliament • Congress and other lawmaking bodies follow this procedure • The basic principles of parliamentary procedure are majority rule, protection of the minority, and the orderly consideration of one subject at a time
Parliamentary Procedures • An organization operating according to parliamentary procedure adopts a set of bylaws • The bylaws define the basic characteristics of the organization and describe how it will operate • They explain qualifications for membership and procedures for selection of members • The bylaws state the duties of officers and how they will be elected
Parliamentary Procedures • An organization usually elects a president, a vice president, a secretary, and a treasurer once a year • The president presides at meetings and supervises the work of other officers • The vice president assists the president and chairs meeting when the president is absent • The secretary notifies members of meetings, keeps the minutes, and takes care of all correspondence • The treasurer keeps a record of income and expenses and prepares the financial reports
Parliamentary Procedures • When these officers are elected, a member may nominate a fellow member • Usually, after 2 more people have been nominated, the voting takes place by secret ballot • The person receiving the majority vote is the elected officer • A majority is a vote of at least one more than half of the people who vote
Parliamentary Procedures • Most organizations require that a quorum be present before a meeting may begin • A quorum is a majority of the total membership • An organization’s bylaws usually provide for an order of business – the standard series of steps followed in a meeting • A meeting actually proceeds according to a list of items to be taken care at that particular meeting – an agenda
Parliamentary Procedures • An important part of any meeting is making, discussing, and disposing of motions • A motion is a brief statement of a proposed action • There are 4 types of motions: • Main motions – tools used to introduce new business • Secondary motions – modify/dispose main motions • Incidental motions – arise out of business being conducted • Privileged motions – deal with the welfare of the group • The motions are listed in order of precedence, or rank of priority
Parliamentary Procedures • Different rules apply to a motion regarding whether it needs to be seconded, whether it is debatable, whether it can be amended, and so on • An organization often has a parliamentarian who advises the presiding officer on matter of procedures • Parliamentary procedure does not have to be complicated, it just takes time to learn • One of the best ways to learn it is to join and participate in a CTSO!
Any Questions?? “I suppose leadership at one time meant muscles; but today it means getting along with people.” -Mohandas Gandhi