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The Industrial Age

The Industrial Age

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The Industrial Age

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  1. The Industrial Age The Industrial Revolution’s effects on science, communication, transportation, medicine, education, culture, and the arts.

  2. Electricity • Michael Faraday • Developed the dynamo—electric generator • Powered by steam engine • Used to power machines

  3. Advances in Technology Thomas Edison • Incandescent light bulb • 1879 • (lasted 2 days) • Phonograph • Kinetoscope • Menlo Park Lab • 1000 patents

  4. Marconi’s radio Wireless Electromagnetic waves Ship to ship Ship to shore Bell’s telephone Communications

  5. Internal Combustion Engine • 1903 • First successful powered airplane flight (12 seconds) • aerodynamics Wright Brothers

  6. The Automobile Benz Ford First gasoline-driven auto

  7. Lamarck’s Evolution Living things changed their form due to their environment

  8. Darwin Survival of the Fittest=Natural Selection Tree of life—all things originate from one common ancestor—humans evolved from animals.

  9. Effects of Darwinism • Separated science and religion • Social Darwinism--natural selection applied to society • Used as an argument for the “necessity” of poverty • Racism • Genocide/Euthanasia Holocaust

  10. Fight Against Disease Louis Pasteur Pasteurization= heating liquids to prevent bacteria and fermentation Anthrax and rabies vaccines

  11. Antiseptics & Anesthesia • Joseph Lister • publishes “Antiseptic Principle of the Practice of Surgery” • Long & Morton • "Gentlemen, this is no humbug.“ • Ether is used as anesthesia

  12. Other medical developments: • Edward Jenner • Smallpox vaccine • 1796 • Robert Koch • Discovers germs that cause tuberculosis & Asiatic cholera • 1882 • Aspirin & Sulfa drugs • Alexander Fleming • Penicillin • 1928

  13. Bacterial Diseases Yellow Fever Walter Reed Diphtheria Cholera Typhoid/ Salmonella

  14. Atomic Theory Mendeleyev’s classification of elements.

  15. Radioactivity and X-rays Wilhelm Rontgen: X-ray Curies: Radioactivity

  16. Emigration • Move to industrialized cities for jobs • Travel was easier and safer • Oppression (Armenian genocide by Muslims) • Discrimination (Jews & Slavs • Economic hardship (Irish Potato Famine) • Settle territories

  17. Shift to Cities Cities are forced to deal with crowed streets, sanitation issues, garbage, crime, etc.

  18. Move to the Suburbs Public transportation, (like trolleys and trains) and automobiles make it possible.

  19. Sanitation Sewer systems and flushing toilets.

  20. Diet and Refrigeration The first electric refrigerators. Children with rickets (caused by a vitamin D deficiency).

  21. Public Education • Universal • Compulsory • Need for literate workers

  22. Women’s Education • Women’s education movement is linked to the women’s suffrage (vote) movement. Emily Davies: women’s education advocate & suffragette.

  23. Leisure theatre baseball basketball Public Parks

  24. War Correspondent Matthew Brady

  25. Capturing Poverty

  26. Realism • Artists dealt with reality • Detailed ordinary life • Social and economic themes

  27. Regionalism Everyday life in a certain region. Mark Twain

  28. Naturalists Focused on the ugly sordid parts of life.

  29. Impressionists Tried to give vivid impressions of people and places, paying close attention to light and color. Monet & Renoir

  30. “Art for art’s sake” Did not require art to have purpose or even meaning. Art becomes more “abstract”.