Cardinal Richelieu By Terell Bruce
Cardinal Richelieu • His full name is Armand Jean du Plessis, cardinal-duc de Richelieu et de Fronsac . • Cardinal Richelieu was born on September 9, 1585 in Paris, French. • Cardinal Richelieu died on December 4, 1642 at the age if 57 in Paris, French
Cardinal Richelieu Occupation • Cardinal Richelieu Occupation was Clergyman, and Cardinal. • Cardinal Richelieu was a powerful man he was Secretary of State in 1616, and Chief Minister of the French King Louis XII. • Richelieu soon rose in both the Catholic Church and the French government, becoming a Cardinal in 1622, and King Louis XIII's chief minister in 1624.
Cardinal Richelieu Famous • Richelieu was also famous for his patronage of the arts; most notably, he founded the Academia Françoise, the learned society responsible for matters pertaining to the French language. • Richelieu is also known by the sobriquetl'Éminence rouge ("the Red Eminence"), from the red shade of a cardinal's clerical dress and the style "eminence" as a cardinal.
Cardinal Richelieu Death • However, Richelieu was now dying. For many years he had suffered from recurrent fevers (possibly malaria), strangury (from the gonorrhoea he had caught as a teenager), intestinal tuberculosis with fistula, and migraine. Now his right arm was suppurating with tubercular osteitis, and he coughed blood (after his death, his lungs were found to have extensive cavities and caseous necrosis). His doctors continued to bleed him frequently, further weakening him.As he felt his death approaching, he named as his successor Mazarin, one of his most faithful followers.
Cardinal Richelieu Death Con. • Richelieu died on 4 December 1642, aged 57. His body was embalmed, and interred at the church of the Sorbonne. During the French Revolution, the corpse was removed from its tomb, and the mummified front of his head, having been removed and replaced during the original embalming process, was stolen. It ended up in the possession of Nicholas Armez of Brittany by 1796, and he occasionally exhibited the well-preserved face. His nephew, Louis-Philippe Armez, inherited it and also occasionally exhibited it and lent it out for study. In 1866, Napoleon III persuaded Armez to return the face to the government for re-interment with the rest of Richelieu's body. An investigation of subsidence of the church floor enabled it to be photographed in 1895.
Interesting Facts • As an advocate for Samuel de Champlain and of the retention of New France, he founded the Compagnie des Cent-Associés and saw the Treaty of Saint-Germain-en-Laye return Quebec City to French rule under Champlain, after the settlement had been captured by the Kirkes in 1629. This in part allowed the colony to eventually develop into the heartland of Francophone culture in North America • He is also a leading character in The Three Musketeers by Alexandre Dumas, père and its subsequent film adaptations, portrayed as a main antagonist, and a powerful ruler, even more powerful than the King himself, though events like the Day of the Dupes show that in fact he very much depended on the King's confidence to keep this power.
List of cited • http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cardinal_Richelieu • lucidcafe.com • http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Cardinal-Richelieu-On-His-Deathbed.jpg • pinterest.com • gutenberg.org • artrenewal.org • superstock.com