Engage, Motivate, Learn Peter Lucantoni. Peter Lucantoni. Started teaching in 1979 in UK, MA TESOL University of Edinburgh, lived and worked in Europe and Middle East, now based in Cyprus Author, Educational Consultant & Teacher Trainer for Cambridge University Press
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Peter Lucantoni • Started teaching in 1979 in UK, MA TESOL University of Edinburgh, lived and worked in Europe and Middle East, now based in Cyprus • Author, Educational Consultant & Teacher Trainer for Cambridge University Press • Cambridge TKT, CELTYL, CELTA & DELTA trainer and Cambridge CELTYL assessor • Examiner for Cambridge ESOL speaking examinations
Overview • What do ‘engage’ and ‘motivate’ mean? • Strategies and activities for motivating learners • Some final advice • Conclusions
Engage • What does it mean? • Make a list of words and/or phrases which you think capture the meaning of ‘engage’ in our teaching and learning context • Can you think of any verbs which are close synonyms for ‘engage’? • How does the word ‘engage’ translate into your own first language?
Engage • Look at Handout 1 • Complete the gaps in the nine verbs with a vowel. All the verbs have a similar meaning to ‘engage’ • Are the verbs the same as the ones you thought of in the previous activity? • Did you enjoy the activity? Why/not?
Engage • 1. tooccupythe attention or efforts of • 2. to secureforaid,employment, use, etc. • 3. to attractandhold fast • 4. to attract or please • 5. to entangleorinvolve • 6. to occupyoneself;become involved • Synonyms: absorb,engross,interest, involve http://dictionary.reference.com/browse/engage 210912
Engage • Find nine verbs in the wordsearch on Handout 2 which have a similar meaning to ‘engage’ • Four words go down; three words go across; two words go diagonally. Some of the words go backwards! • V attract, involve, absorb, engross • > interest, please, secure • / entangle, occupy • Did you enjoy the activity? Why/not?
Engage • Here are some examples of similar activities from Interchange 1, 4th edition (Cambridge University Press, 2012)
Motivate • Engaging our learners is the key to motivating them. So what does it mean? • ‘Motivation is defined as the process that initiates, guides and maintains goal-oriented behaviors. Motivation is what causes us to act, whether it is getting a glass of water to reduce thirst or reading a book to gain knowledge …’ • http://psychology.about.com/od/mindex/g/motivation-definition.htm 210912
Motivate • Motivation ‘involves the biological, emotional, social and cognitive forces that activate behavior. In everyday usage, the term motivation is frequently used to describe why a person does something ...’ • http://psychology.about.com/od/mindex/g/motivation-definition.htm 210912
Motivate • After being occupied, secured, attracted, pleased, entangled, involved, absorbed, engrossed, interested, our learners then have a reason, a motivation, for doing something: • to learn!
Motivate • Motivation involves three major behaviours: activation, persistence, intensity • What do you think each behaviour involves? • What are the characteristics of each one? • Match these key words with one or more of the behaviours, and give reasons for your choices: concentration, decision, effort, energy, initiate, obstacles, pursuit, time, vigour • Did you enjoy the activity? Why/not?
Motivate • Many authors say that listening to authentic recordings is more motivating and engaging for learners • The Video Program from Interchange 1, 4th edition,provides opportunities for learners to listen to authentic recordings, as well as giving teachers extra classroom resources
Motivate • What are your top strategies for engaging and motivating learners? • Draw up a list with your colleagues, for example: provide authentic recordings for learners to listen to • Did you enjoy the activity? Why/not?
Motivate • 2 motivation experts , Dornyei & Czizer, surveyed 200+ Hungarian teachers, and checked their views on motivating learners • Teachers asked how important they found, and how often they used, a selection of 51 strategies • Based on answers, the two researchers created a list of 10 ‘motivational macrostrategies’ • http://oupeltglobalblog.com/2011/05/06/10-commandments-for-motivating-language-learners/ 210912
Handout 3 - Word dominoes Motivation strategies
Motivation strategies • Set a personal example with your own behaviour • Develop good relationships with the learners • Increase the learners’ linguistic self-confidence • Make the language classes interesting
Motivation strategies • Promote learner autonomy • Personalisethe learning process • Increase goal-orientation
Motivation strategies • Familiarise learners with the target culture • Create a pleasant relaxed atmosphere in the classroom • Present the tasks clearly • Adapted from: http://oupeltglobalblog.com/2011/05/06/10-commandments-for-motivating-language-learners/ 210912
Conclusions • There is no quick and easy solution to motivating students to learn more effectively and efficiently • Every teaching and learning context is different: the teachers, the learners, the classroom, the resources, the administration, the parents, … • Teachers need to adapt to different contexts
Some final advice … • 1 Engage your students • 2 Make them curious • 3 Challenge them • 4 Find out what they’re good at • 5 Let them tell YOU about stuff • 6 Give them responsibility • 7 Shake them up a bit • 8 Encourage them to use their imagination • 9 Stop working so hard • 10 Turn your classroom into a spider’s web
Did we … … discuss and decide what ‘engage’ and ‘motivate’ mean? … look at some strategies and activities for motivating leaners? … did we make some conclusions?