Third World field trip A View of Developing Countries
Meaning of Third World • Practical definition – poor developing countries • Has lost some meaning • 1st World – Rich, non-communist market economies • 2nd World – Communist countries (they have practically disappeared) • 3rd World – non-communist poor countries with “immature” economies
A More Realistic Approach • Developed Countries (formerly 1st World) • Developing Countries (all the other countries) • What about the former 2nd World? • They are divided between the two groups – i.e. the Czech Rep. is in the developed group, whereas Vietnam is in the developing group.
Land of the Maya 300-900 AD The Roman Empire was already declining.
Some are descended from the Maya About 50 percent of Guatemala's 11 million people are Indians, who speak 24 indigenous languages.
1% of the population owns 80% of the land. 20% of “white” men own cars; only 5% of Indian men do.
99 percent of the population owns 20 percent of the land. Copal, resin collected from pine trees in the surrounding mountains, is burned in the Roman Catholic church.
Comparative Values 1 Pepsi = 1 pesoOR1 peso = 20 kg. of corn for a family for a week.
The Cathedral in Mexico City is the largest in Latin America. It took 300 years to build. The Zocalo (plaza) in front of it is the largest in the world.
Lumberjacks averaged $10-15 per week; food for a family of six cost $6.
In the 19th century the Yucatan was an informal colony of Chicago’s International Harvester, which turned the sisalinto bailer twine for Midwestern farmers. The planters built wedding-cake mansions in Merida and sent their children to schools in New Orleans and Havana.
350 years of slave trade here -- 9.5 million slaves Dutch Fort 1637 Portuguese Fort 1482