Christmas in Germany Weihnachten In Deutschland Made by : Erika Micallef Class : 3.5
What is Christmas ? • This is a holiday held on December 25 to commemorate the birth of Jesus , the central figure of Christianity. • The word Christmas originated as a compound meaning “Christ's Mass. • Christmas Day is celebrated as a major festival and public holiday in most countries of the world, even in many whose populations are not majority Christian.
Christmas Calendar in Germany. • 11November : For many Germans and Austrians, St. Martin's Day (Martinstag) is the unofficial start of the Christmas season. • 1 December : Advent officially begins on the first Sunday after November 26. Four Advent Sundays lead up to Christmas. • 4 December- In Catholic regions, the tradition of ‘Barbarazweig’ begins on the feast day of ‘Die Heilige Barbara.’ • 6 December : St Nicholas Day (Sankt Nikolaustag) when Saint Nicholas comes with gifts for children. Almost all the Christmas markets open on that day. • 20 December : Thomasnacht traditional folks bake Kletzenbrot, a sort of fruit cake. Very few women today carry out another Thomasnacht tradition: running outside and hugging a tree trunk to bring fertility and a good harvest in the coming year. • 24 December : Heiligabend ,on this day Germans usually open their presents, eat Christmas dinner and than attend the midnight mass.
Christmas Day and After. • 25-26 December : These days are usually devoted to visiting friends and family. • 31 December : Silvester, the last day of the year,is celebrated with fireworks and the usual parties and festivities. • 1 January : New Year's Day is often a time of gift-giving for people who serve you throughout the year. • 6 January : Three Kings Day.(Heilige Drei Könige) It commemorates the arrival of the Three Wise Men (three kings) in Bethlehem. This is the end of the Christmas season in Europe.
Christmas Markets in Germany. • The traditional Christmas Markets attract more visitors every year. • These markets are unique, because gifts are not mass-produced but craft work. • Here you can buy all kinds of Christmas merchandise and gifts, especially traditional things such as crib figurines, toys, wood carvings, marionettes, candles and lambskin shoes. • Mulled wine and baked apples are offered and these are very welcome on crisp winter days. • The ambience is further enhanced by the aromas of hot chestnuts, grilled sausages and other tasty snacks. Youngsters especially will be attracted to the gingerbread biscuits known as Lebkuchen, marzipan figures and other sweets. • Most markets start in the last week of November.
Christmas Dinner in Germany. • In Germany the primary Christmas dishes are roast goose and roast carp, although suckling pig or duck may also be served. • Typical side dishes include roast potatoes and various forms of cabbage such as kale, brussel sprouts and red cabbage. • Sweets and Christmas pastries are nearly obligatory and include marzipan, spice bars, several types of bread, and different fruitcakes and fruited breads like Christollen and Dresden Stollen.
Christmas Decorations in Germany. • The tree will be decorated with stars, floss, glass decors, angels, Santa and the like. • Lighting is also an integral part of German Christmas decorations • The windows are decorated with stars made out of paper, silver foil, or transparent coloured papers. • Germany has also contributed many of the ornaments of Christmas decorations. Shiny Glass balls and tinsels are German inventions and thus, they too form the core of German Christmas decorations.
German Christmas Carols. • Some carols familiar in English were translations of German Christmas songs . • Two well-known examples are Silent Night (Stille Nacht, Heilige Nacht), by the Austrians Franz Xraber Gruber and Joseph Mohr , and O Christmas Tree, ( O Tannenbaum) from a German folksong arranged by Ernst Anschütz.
FROHE • WEIHNACHTEN!!