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Diet and Culture. Asian Diet American Diet French Diet Middle Eastern Diet. Diet and Culture. Asian Diets Juliana Yee. This is the U.S. Food Guide Pyramid developed by the USDA. Especially note differences such as the placement of Meat on the pyramid, as well as Fats, Oils and Sweets. .
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Diet and Culture • Asian Diet • American Diet • French Diet • Middle Eastern Diet
Diet and Culture Asian Diets Juliana Yee
This is the U.S. Food Guide Pyramid developed by the USDA. Especially note differences such as the placement of Meat on the pyramid, as well as Fats, Oils and Sweets.
Research shows: Plant-based rural diets in Asia are linked to lower rates of certain cancers, heart disease, obesity and osteoporosis.
Rice, Noodles, Bread, Millet, Corn and other Whole Grains Rice provides 25 to 80 percent of calories in the daily diet of 2.7 billion Asians The percentage of starch component amylose preferred by Japan, Korea, Taiwan and China: 10-18% (low)
Red Yeast Rice • Heart-Healthy Benefits: • lowers levels of LDL (bad cholesterol) • Increases levels of HDL (good cholesterol) • Lowers levels of triglycerides (unhealthy fats) Active Ingredient: Mevinolin. Restricts the liver’s production of cholesterol. Also, Mevinolin is chemically identical to the cholesterol-lowering compound lovastatin, which is sold as the prescription drug Mevacor.
Fruits, Legumes and Vegetables • The main sources of protein in the traditional Asian diet • Also contribute to fiber, vitamins and minerals • Legumes offer a variety of beneficial isoflavones (primarily found in soybeans) which promote bone health and reduces risk of both cardiovascular disease and some forms of cancer.
Dairy • Generally consumed in low amounts in diets of east and south Asia. • The plant-based, dairy-free diets of much of Asia are associated with low incidence of osteoporosis • Asians are generally intolerant to milk
Health Benefits: Green Tea • A natural phytochemical in tea, called EGCG, can block several enzymes necessary for the reproduction of cancer cells. • Polyphenols in tea can inhibit cell damage linked with cancers of the skin, lung, colon, liver and pancreas.
Nutrition in America By Alese A.
Food Guide Pyramid • An outline of what to eat each day for good health • Focuses on fat and sugar • Conveys 3 main messages: • Eat a variety of food in each group • Balance food intake • Eat in moderation
Function Builds and maintains tissues Muscles, organs, and some hormones Examples Eggs, dairy products, meat, nuts, beans Amino acids Essential amino acids Must be supplied from foods Limiting reactant Complete proteins Meats and dairy products Complementary proteins Fruits and vegetables Proteins
Proteins (Continued) • Recommended daily allowances • 0.42 g/lb body weight • Excess protein • Common in US • Protein deficiency • Abnormalities of growth
Function Chief source of energy for all body functions and muscular exertion Complex Whole grains, fruits, vegetables Simple Sugar and white flour Carbohydrates
Carbohydrates (cont) • Atkins diet • Little amount of carbohydrates consumed • Stored glycogen is broken down for energy • Water is released and excreted • Recommended daily values • 60% of daily Calories
Function Saturated Unsaturated Monounsaturated Polyunsaturated Hydrogenation Examples Meat, poultry, fish, dairy products Recommended daily allowance 30% of daily Calories Actual daily amount 40% of daily Calories Fats
Heart Disease 25% of Americans have a cardiovascular disease Causes High blood pressure, increased weight, and high cholesterol levels Heart-Healthy diet Low in sodium, cholesterol, and fat Obesity Leading cause of preventable death 64% are overweight 30% are obese Obese children Less exercise, more fattening foods Risk for heart disease, heart failure, stroke, cancer Nutrition-related Diseases
French Diet By John B.
Typical French Diet -Potatoes -Some meats and “charcuterie” -Poultry -Breads -A variety of Cheeses -Vegetables Meals often include a small green salad, and finish with cheese as dessert.
Wealthy French diet • Rich and creamy sauces • Pastries • Sweets • Fats • Cheeses • Breads • Pates • Wine A typical meal served in American “French” restaurants is very similar to that consumed by the wealthier classes.
French Traditions -Breads, Crossants and Pastries -Strong coffee -Wine -France is probably more famous for its wines than any other country in the world.
French Food Pyramid It is very similar to the American Food Pyramid
Middle-Eastern Diet By Katy W.
Primary Religions in the Middle-East While looking into the Middle-Eastern diet, I decided to explore the effect of religion on diet. In some religions there are dietary laws prohibiting certain foods. In Jewish and Muslim dietary laws, the main restriction is pork. Since the majority of the Middle-Eastern population consists of Muslims and Jews, my main focus became this question: what are the benefits and disadvantages of a diet without pork?
Spices The Middle-East consists of mainly third world countries. Because of this lack of wealth, many people cannot afford to buy food in large quantities as Americans do so often. In order to make their food last longer, they use methods of food preservation, including smoking, salting, spicing, and candying. These methods not only help prevent the food from spoiling, but cover up the rancid taste when it does. This prevents enzyme reactions and microbial growth by the addition of certain chemicals.
Bibliography • Encarta Encyclopedia • http://kidshealth.org • http://www.sacbee.com • http://www.mamashealth.com • http://health.discovery.com • http://www.chasefreedom.com • http://www.dietsite.com
Bibliography cont’d. • www.News.cornell.edy/science/Dec95/st.Asianpyramid.htm • www.oldwayspt.org/pyramids/asian/p_asian.html • www.gicare.com/pated/edtot36.htm • http://msnbc.msn.com/id/3541337 • www.llu.edu/llu/nutrition/program/research1.htm • www.nnfa.org/services/science/bg_redyeastrice.htm • www.breastcancer.org/green_tea.html • www.multiculturalhealth.org • www.ianr.unl.edu/kendrick/411/people-S00.html