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Main stage

Musicians’ gallery. Galleries. Tower. Orchestra. Doors. Tiring house or dressing room. Inner stage. Main stage. Yard or pit. Trap door. Aside.

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Main stage

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  1. Musicians’ gallery Galleries Tower Orchestra Doors Tiring house or dressing room Inner stage Main stage Yard or pit Trap door

  2. Aside • In a play, a comment made by a character that is heard by the audience or another character but is not heard by other characters onstage. Asides usually reveal the privatethoughts of an actor. • p. 652 line 81, Juliet’s shows that she is not being truthful to her mother and is still loyal to Romeo

  3. Dialogue • Conversation between characters in a literary work. Dialogue reveals characters’ personalities and feelings. • In Act I, scene 1, Sampson and Gregory show their true feelings of the Montagues via dialogue.

  4. Monologue • When a character delivers a long speech to another character on stage. • Mercutio delivers his Queen Mab speech on page 595, Act 1, scene 4.

  5. Soliloquy • A long speech delivered by a character who is alone on stage. A soliloquy typically reveals the private thoughts and emotions of a character. • In Act 3, Secne 5, lines 235-242, Juliet curses the nurse for abandoning her and vows not to confide in the woman again.

  6. Shakespearean Comedy • A type of drama that deals with light and amusing subjects or with serious and profound subjects or with serious and profound subjects in a light, familiar, or satirical manner. They contain usually wit, humor, ridicule, and irony. They often poke fun at people’s faults and limitations in order to teach a life lesson ending in marriage and restoration of order. • Romeo and Juliet is NOT a comedy but a tragedy. However, Romeo and Juliet do contain some elements of the comedy through humor and irony.

  7. Tragedy • A play in which a main character, called a tragic hero, suffers a downfall. The downfall may result from outside forces, as in the case of Romeo and Juliet, who are doomed by the external workings of bigotry and fear. Or the downfall may result from a weakness within the character, which is known as the tragic flaw-usually in death of the protagonist. • Romeo shows that he is impulsive by nature and emotional. Outside forces of bigotry and fear affect both Romeo and Juliet too.

  8. Blank verse: Verse written in unrhymed lines of iambic pentameter, a rhythm pattern with five units or feet, each of which has an unstressed syllable followed by a stressed syllable. • Much of Shakespeare’s work is written in blank verse.   • ~ ` / ~ ` / ~ ` • Be pa tient, for the world • /~ ` /~ `/ • is broad and wide.

  9. Comic relief • A short, funny episode that interrupts an otherwise serious or tragic work of drama. Such an episode may break the tension after a particularly intense scene. • Act 4, lines 6-21 of scene 4 show the high spirits of the Capulets and their help to break the intensity from the last scene from Juliet’s solilioquy.

  10. Drama • A story written to be performed by actors in front of an audience. • Dramas include stage directions, setting and scenery, props, and are divided into acts and scenes.

  11. Foil • A character who provides a strong contrast to another character. A foil may emphasize another character’s traits or make a character look better in comparison. • Tybalt to Benvolio • Mercutio to Romeo • Nurse to Lady Capulet

  12. Pun • A play on two or more meanings of the same word or on two different words with the same sound. • “With nimble soles I have a soul of lead.” Romeo plays on the sound of the two different words. P. 596

  13. Oxymoron • A figure of speech that is a combination of seemingly contradictory words. • “O brawling love! O loving hate!”

  14. Apostrophe • When an inanimate object or absent person is addressed as if the person or object would respond. • “O happy dagger!”

  15. Sonnet • A lyric poem of fourteen lines, almost always written in iambic pentameter and usually following strict patterns of stanza division and rhyme: abab, cdcd, efef, gg. • Chorus at the beginning of Act I, p 582 • On page 602

  16. Chance happening • When an event occurs that seems like an accident but really reveals that fate is having a role in the characters’ destinies. • When Romeo reads the list of the Capulet party from the blind servant, and decides to go to the Capulet feast where he meets Juliet.

  17. Prologue and Chorus • Prologue: a Shakespearean sonnet at the beginning of an act of a play, which serves as the exposition and summary in the play • Chorus: Elizabethan dramatists sometimes used a figure known as the chorus to comment on play’s actions and describe events not shown on stage by a single actor or a group of actors. • In Romeo and Juliet, the prologue is recited by the chorus. P. 582

  18. Protagonist and Antagonist • The hero or leading character with whom the audience sympathizes • The character who opposes or competes with the protagonist

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