NASC 2012 Annual ConferenceAugust 6, 2012 Ray Wahl Deputy State Court Administrator
Why Evidence Based Practices Matter • If a program doesn’t target criminogenic factors, it doesn’t lower recidivism (Bonta et al. 2008) • Focusing on the wrong offenders, increases the likelihood of recidivism (Bonta, Wallace-Capretta & Rooney, 2000) • Programs that adhere to principles of effective intervention result in lower recidivism rates while programs that don’t have higher recidivism rates (Gendreau P., French S.A., and A. Taylor, 2002) If we want to see results, we have to use approaches that work
Principles of Effective Intervention • Risk Principle—focus on offenders at high risk for future criminal offending • Need Principle—target criminogenic needs • Treatment Principle—use behavioral approaches • Program Fidelity—ensure quality delivery
Why These Principles Matter Better Outcomes Andrews, Bonta & Hogue, 1990; Andrews & Bonta, 2006
Why Program Quality Matters Savings in Juvenile Programs Source: Washington State Institute of Public Policy 2011
Why Program Quality Matters Savings in Adult Programs Source: Washington State Institute of Public Policy 2011
Importance of Program Fidelity Fidelity to the model and program delivery affect offender recidivism rates. Barnoski & Aos, (2004) Outcome Evaluation of Washington State’s Research-Based Programs for Juvenile Offenders. WISP.
Importance of Program Fidelity • “What seems to most strongly characterize effective CBT programs is high quality implementation as represented by low proportions of treatment dropouts, close monitoring of the quality and fidelity of the treatment implementation, and adequate CBT training for the providers.” Landenberger,& Lipsey, (2005). “The Positive Effects of Cognitive-Behavioral Programs for Offenders: A Meta-Analysis of Factors Associated with Effective Treatment.” Journal of Experimental Criminology.
Importance of Program Fidelity Fidelity to the model and program delivery affect the bottom line. Barnoski & Aos, (2004) Outcome Evaluation of Washington State’s Research-Based Programs for Juvenile Offenders. WISP.
Assessment of Programs • We use a risk assessment to make sure we aren’t mixing offenders or focusing on low risk offenders • We use case planning to make sure we are targeting criminogenic needs and matching offenders to the most appropriate programs But how do we know if the programs we send offenders to are doing any good?
Identifying Effective Programs • Focuses on higher risk offender • Targets criminogenic needs • Use s evidence-based interventions • Bases program design on proven theoretical model • Matches offender to treatment type • Ensure s quality delivery of program • Uses appropriate rewards and punishers How do I know if a program is effective for treating offenders?
Impact of the Numbers of Favorable Features on Recidivism Average Practice Source: Adapted from Lipsey, 1997, 2005, cover 509 juvenile justice studies
Qualities of Good Programs Ask These Questions • Is there stable leadership? • What training does staff receive? • What is there knowledge of EBP ? • Is there ongoing monitoring of program – quality assurance process • Is there a manual of operation? – Program must be researched based • What risk factors do they focus on ? • Do they use cognitive behavioral approaches – practice skills? • What is the dosage? • Do they focus on medium and high risk offenders? • What are their dropout rates?
Assessment Process Overview Match Offender to Effective Services Develop Case Plan Based on Risk Assessment Use a Validated Risk Assessment
What Utah is Doing to Ensure Fidelity in Programs • Assessing programs using a research-basedprogram assessment tool • Each item on the assessment tool is related to reductions in recidivism • The tool examines whether programs are implementing EBP models with fidelity • Programs are provided with feedback on their progress and ongoing assistance to improve • Recidivism is measured and linked to program assessment results and provided to probation management and programs • Pre/Post tests measuring changes in offender attitudes and behaviors
What Utah is Doing to Ensure Fidelity in Programs Across the System • Validated risk instrument • Case Planning model • Correctional Program Checklist – program improvement • Certification of probation staff • Training, training , training • A vision statement that included EBP • Report Cards/Rich information system • Judicial/Legislative support
Contact Information Ray Wahl – Deputy State Court Administrator email@example.com 801-578-3805