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Comparatives

Comparatives

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Comparatives

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  1. Comparatives Inequalities

  2. If two things are not equal, they are unequal. We are not the same height. You are taller than I. The two items do not cost the same. The camera is more expensive than the television.

  3. In Spanish, inequality is expressed by using one of the following formula: más (menos) + adjective + que más (menos) + adverb + que más (menos) + noun + que

  4. Here are some examples: Tú eres más alto que yo. Youare taller than I. Mónica habla más lentamente que Carmen. Monicaspeaks more slowlythan Carmen. TengomenoslibrosqueArsenio. I have fewer books than Arsenio.

  5. If the comparative is followed by a number, use “de” rather than “que.” Hay menos de veintealumnos en la clase. There are less than twenty students in the class. Éltienemás de noventaaños. He is more than ninety years old. LITERALLY: He has more than ninety years.

  6. Note that when the sentence is negative, “que” is used even with numbers, to convey the meaning “only.” Tengo más de cinco dólares. I have more thanfivedollars. But No tengo más que cinco dólares. I onlyhavefivedollars. Hay más de veinteestudiantes en la clase. There are more than twenty students in the class. But No hay másqueveinteestudiantes en la clase. There are only twenty students in the class.

  7. Practice Translate the following sentences. There are fewer girls than boys. Hay _____ chicasquechicos. menos

  8. You are taller than Emilio. Tú eres más alto _____ Emilio. que

  9. She is less than 18 years old. Ella tiene menos _____ dieciocho años. He is over 40 years old. Él tiene más _____ cuarenta años. de de

  10. EL FIN