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Introduction to Architecture

Introduction to Architecture

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Introduction to Architecture

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  1. Introduction to Architecture Chapter 1 The World of Architecture Dr. Dan Trent Mississippi Valley State University August 28, 2013

  2. OBJECTIVES • Identify the historical influences that helped shape today’s home designs • Recognize and describe the elements of contemporary dwellings • Discuss current trends and influences in architecture • Identify types of multi-family housing

  3. KEY TERMS • Americans with Disabilities Act (ADDA) • Apartment • Cape Cod • Condominium • Contemporary (modern) • Cooperative • Garrison • Multifamily housing

  4. KEY TERMS • New England Gambrel • Postmodern Architecture • Ranch • Salt-Box • Southern Colonial

  5. People and Their Structures • Home design has been developed to suit the climate and the needs of families in various parts of the country

  6. People and Their Structures • Cape Colonials • Cape Cod

  7. People and Their Structures • Cape Colonials • Cape Ann

  8. People and Their Structures • New England Gambrel

  9. People and Their Structures • Garrison

  10. People and Their Structures • Salt Box

  11. People and Their Structures • Southern Colonial

  12. Contemporary Structures • Contemporary STYLE • Years of architectural planning, design and evolution • Most “borrow” some distinctive features from more traditional structures • Others are almost independent of past designs

  13. People and Their Structures • Contemporary

  14. Contemporary Structures • Ranch Design • Long, low, one story design that evolved from ranchers homes in the southwest United States • Traditionally built on a slab, but now basements are common • Recently many ranch homes have developed an “L-shape” design to break up the straight-line effect

  15. People and Their Structures • Ranch

  16. Trends in Architecture • Post modern architecture

  17. Trends in Architecture • Repurposing and “green” technology

  18. Trends in Architecture • Repurposing and “green” technology

  19. Multifamily Housing • Cooperatives • Condominiums • Rental Apartments

  20. Americans with Disabilities Act (ADDA) • Illegal to discriminate against disabled people in areas of: • employment • Public & private transportation • Public & commercial buildings

  21. Internet Resources • American Institute of Architects www.aia.org • Builder Magazine www.builderonline.com