Chapter 3 Population and Culture
Section 1: Human Geography Geography is also the study of languages, religions, customs, economics, and political systems WHAT IS CULTURE?
CULTURE: The beliefs and actions that define a group of people’s way of life. 6 Billion people live on the Earth today 2/3rds of the Earth is water ½ of land is uninhabitable Population Density: average number of people in a square mile
Environment Adapting to your surroundings Clothing Buildings Technology Altering the physical landscape
Population Growth Modern technology Allows for more food to be produced Allows for better health care What will the effects of rapid population growth be? Immigrants vs. Emigrants (Birth Rate vs. Death Rate)
Urbanization The growth of city populations Rural countryside
What about the article resonates with you personally? What is the father asking his son’s teacher to do? What are the background knowledge and skills Wind-Wolf brings to the classroom? How might the teacher capitalize on Wind-Wolf’s knowledge and skills? What are the assumptions the father makes about the teacher?
Section 2: Economic Systems Basic Questions -What (how many) goods and services are to be produced? -How will they be produced? -How will the products and wealth be distributed? Types of Economic Systems: Traditional Economy Nearly ALL goods and services produced are used by village “Subsistence Economies” Market Economy Freedom of Individuals and groups (free enterprise economy) Capitalism “Laws of Supply and Demand”
Command Economy Controlled by a single central government Decisions are made to obtain a social and political goal Communism Government decides what is made, how workers are paid, how much things will cost. “Planned Economy” Mixed Economy Mix of traditional, market, and command Socialism