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GCSE English

GCSE English

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GCSE English

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  1. GCSE English Language & Literature

  2. GCSE English Language and GCSE English Literature • Four papers (two for Language, two for Literature) • 100% Exam (no Coursework or Controlled Assessment) • Single tier (no more Higher and Foundation; all pupils sit the same exams)

  3. What should students be doing to prepare? • Complete class work and homework to the best of their ability • Reading – read the set texts, read the notes made in class, read poetry, read novels, read the newspaper, read as much as possible and discuss what you have read. Recommended 19th Century texts: • Wilde, The Picture of Dorian Gray • Shelley, Frankenstein • Wells, The Time Machine • Stoker, Dracula • Use the internet – there are great resources online • https://www.youtube.com/user/mrbruff • https://www.youtube.com/ ‘Stacey Reay’ • http://genius.com/ For the poetry • https://www.memrise.com/ For memorising quotations

  4. Skills tested across the two GCSEs: • Analysis • Comparison • Creative writing • Evaluation • Structural features • SPaG (spelling, punctuation & grammar) • Interpret • Name (identify) • Get by heart (memorise)

  5. AQA GCSE English Language Overview: First Assessment 2017 (100% Exam) What must students cover? What is the percentage breakdown of these elements? Paper One: Explorations in Creative Reading and Writing One Hour 45 Minutes. 80 Marks. (50%) Paper Two: Writer’s viewpoints One Hour 45 Minutes. 80 Marks. (50%) Section a) Literary Fiction (20th/21st C) (25%) 40 marks Section b) Narrative / Descriptive Writing (25%) 40 marks Section a) Non Fiction and Literary Non-Fiction including 19th C (25%) 40 Marks Section b) Narrative / Descriptive Writing (25%) 40 marks What will the exams be like? What questions will the students be asked? What understanding must they demonstrate? • Students write their own creative text inspired by the topic in section a). • Students will be given a prompt, either a written prompt or an image. • There will be a choice of two scenarios from which students will select one. • Each scenario will define the audience, purpose and form of the writing task • Students will work with an Insert containing two non-fiction texts of different genres linked by a similar theme. • One text will be from the 19th Century and one from either the 20th or 21st Century depending on the time period assessed in Paper One. This allows students to consider perspectives through time. • Students will be answer four questions: • A short 4mark question focussed on information retrieval. • An 8 mark question summarising details from both texts • An 12 mark question focussed on the analysing language from the 19th C text. • A 16 mark extended question comparing attitudes conveyed in each text • Students write their own text giving a written perspective of the theme in section a). • Students will be given a prompt, such as an opinion, statement or scenario to provoke a response • The written task will define the audience, purpose and form required. • Students will need to adapt their language, register and form to meet the requirements of the task • Students must consider descriptive and narrative approaches such as narrative perspectives atmosphere, characterisation, effective openings and endings. Students will be given one extract from a piece of Prose Fiction • Students will be answer four questions: • A short four mark question focussed on information retrieval • An 8 mark question analysing the use of language • An 8 mark question focussed on the analysing structural features • A 20 mark extended question focussing on a critical response to a particular aspect of the text e.g. characterisation How does this relate to the Assessment Objectives and the weightings? Q1: AO1 4 Marks. Q2: AO2 8 Marks Q3: AO2 8 Marks Q4: AO4 20 Marks AO5: 24 Marks AO6: 16 Marks Q1: AO1 4 Marks. Q2: AO1 8 Marks Q3: AO2 12 Marks Q4: AO3 16 Marks AO5: 24 Marks AO6: 16 Marks

  6. AQA GCSE English Literature Overview: First Assessment 2017 (100% Exam) What must students cover? What is the percentage breakdown of these elements? Paper One: Shakespeare and 19th Century Novel One Hour 45 Minutes. 64 Marks. (40%) Paper Two: Modern Texts, Anthology Poetry and Unseen Poetry Two hours 15minutes. 96 Marks. 60% Section a) Shakespeare (20%) 30 marks (4 marks SPAG) Section b) 19th C Novel (20%) 30 marks Section b) Anthology Poetry (20%) 30 marks Section c) Unseen Poetry (20%) 32 Marks Section a) Modern Texts (20%) 30 marks (4 marks SPAG) What will the exams be like? What questions will the students be asked? What understanding must they demonstrate? • Students will be given an extract from their chosen play. The paper will give a brief explanation of the context of this scene • Students will give one essay question. They must write in detail about the extract and write about the play as a whole. • Students must demonstrate character and thematic understanding across the whole play. • Students will be given an extract from their chosen text. The paper will give a brief explanation of the context of this scene • Students will give one essay question. They must write in detail about the extract and write about the play as a whole. • Students must demonstrate character and thematic understanding across the whole play • Students are given a choice of two essay questions on their chosen text and must answer one. • These questions may be about character, theme, or a combination of the two. • Students must demonstrate character and thematic understanding across the whole play. • Students will be given one poem from the anthology they have studied. This text will be readable. • Students will be asked one comparative essay question about the given poem and another poem from the anthology of their choice. • This section of the paper is in two parts. • Part a is worth 24 marks. Students will be given an unseen poem with an accompanying essay question • Part b is worth 8 marks. Students will be given another unseen poem and will a comparison question about a shared theme / idea of the two unseen poems. How does this relate to the Assessment Objectives and the weightings? A01: 12 Marks A02: 12 Marks A03: 6 Marks A01: 12 Marks A02: 12 Marks A03: 6 Marks A04: 4 marks Part a: A01: 12 Marks A02: 12 Marks Part b: A02: 8 marks A01: 12 Marks A02: 12 Marks A03: 6 Marks A04: 4 marks A01: 12 Marks A02: 12 Marks A03: 6 Marks A01: 24 (15% of GCSE) A02: 24 Marks (15% of GCSE) A03: 12 Marks (7.5% of GCSE) A04: 4 marks (2.5% of GCSE) A01: 36 Marks (22.5% of GCSE) A02: 44 Marks (27.5% of GCSE) A03: 12 Marks (7.5% of GCSE) A04: 4 marks (2.5% of GCSE)

  7. ENGLISH LANGUAGE (8700) -Paper 1 Explorations in creative reading and writing  • For Paper 1 the texts will be extracts from literature prose fiction (such as novels and short stories) and will focus on: • openings • endings • narrative or descriptive passages • character development • atmospheric descriptions

  8. ENGLISH LANGUAGE (8700) -Paper 1 Explorations in creative reading and writing  A quick glance format for Paper 1 (creative texts) questions: • Q1 – Identify & interpret (AO1) – 4 marks • Q2 – Language analysis (AO2) – 8 marks • Q3 – Structure (AO2) – 8 marks • Q4 – Evaluate (AO4) – 20 marks • Q5 – Descriptive or Narrative writing (AO5/6) – 40 marks

  9. Q1 – Identify and Interpret • List 4 things….. • Marks Given Max Time spend: Make: • 4 marks 6 minutes 4 points • Identify explicit information • Identify explicit ideas • Underline keywords in the question • Read the text & highlight 4 main points linked to the question • Out these key points in your own words or quote them • Make sure each point is different AO1 • Identify and interpret explicit and implicit information and ideas • Select and synthesise evidence from different texts.

  10. Q2 – language • How does the writer’s use of language… • Marks Given Max Time spend: Make approx: • 8 marks 12 minutes 3-4 points • Comment, Explain, Analyse • This question assesses language – words/phrases / language features / language techniques / sentences • Use language terminology • Select relevant quotations • Explain and analyse the effects of the writer’s choices of language Point Evidence Explain AO2Explain, comment on and analyse how writers use language and structure to achieve effects and influence readers, using relevant subjectterminology to support their views

  11. Q3 – structure • How does the structure… • Marks Given Max Time spend: Make approx: • 8 marks 12 minutes 3-4 points • Comment, Explain, Analyse • This question assesses structural features: • Of the whole text like beginnings/endings: changes in viewpoint • At paragraph level such as topic change/single sentence paragraphs • At sentence level such as sentence length • Use language terminology • Select relevant references from the text • Explain & analyse the effects of the writer’s choice of structural features Point Evidence Explain AO2Explain, comment on and analyse how writers use language and structure to achieve effects and influence readers, using relevant subjectterminology to support their views

  12. Q4 – Evaluate texts • To what extent do you agree… • Marks Given Max Time spend: Make approx: • 20 marks 30 minutes 6+ points • Make a personal judgement with references to the text • You will be given a statement about the text to discuss • Write about your own ideas & interpretations of the text • Evaluate what the writer has achieved • Select relevant quotations from the text • Explain and analyse the effects of the writer’s choices AO4 Evaluate texts critically and support this with appropriate textual references

  13. Paper 1, English: Section B Writing 40 marks 45 minutes Take risks with vocabulary – use impressive and ambitious word choices even if you aren’t sure of the spellings!

  14. Q5 – Descriptive or Narrative writing 5 mins planning 40 minutes writing 3-4 sides 24 marks content and organisation 16 marks accuracy Inform – Facts, opinions, statistics, statements, adjectives, subject specific terms, lists Explain – Reasoning, facts, personal opinions and feelings, statement sentences, comparisons, repetition, anecdotes, direct address Discursive markers and Connectives: The reason for, So, The main factor, therefore, when, as a result, moreover, consequently, because, which leads to, furthermore, the consequence of …is… Describe – create a picture or a visual image for your reader – be creative and ambitious with vocabulary choices. Maintain past or present tense throughout Start with: A short or one word sentence A sense (sound/smell/touch/sight/taste) Adverb (‘ly’ word) A complex sentence / subordinate clause A preposition (above, opposite, under, over) AO5 Content and OrganisationCommunicate clearly, effectively and imaginatively, selecting and adapting tone, style and register for different forms, purposes and audiences.Organise information and ideas, using structural and grammatical features to support coherence and cohesion of texts.

  15. Spelling, punctuation and grammar: 16 marks Don’t forget paragraphs! No paragraphs – No C grade! Sentence types: Simple/short Compound (and/but/or) Complex Adverb starts (ly words) One word sentences for effect Repetition of sentences and within sentences for effect Punctuation: It must be accurate It must be varied Spellings: There – a place (here and there) Their – belonging to them (it is their cat) They’re – short form of they are (they’re coming to my party) Your – belonging to you (that is your dog) You’re – short form of you are (you’re late again) CAPITAL letters – names/places Commas – after connectives (firstly) and between items in lists Apostrophes – John’s – belonging to John Colons ( ) – introduces lists or reasons Semi colons (;) link two similar sentences or separate phases Exclamations (!) emphasis Dashes ( - ) creates a pause and add additional information Questions marks (?) even on rhetorical questions Ellipsis (…) creates a pause or a cliffhanger Interrobang (?!) use occasionally AO6 Technical AccuracyCandidates must use a range of vocabulary and sentence structures for clarity, purpose and effect, with accurate spelling and punctuation.(This requirement must constitute 20% of the marks for each specification as a whole.)

  16. AQA Paper 2: English language Section A Reading 40marks Spend 1 hour

  17. Q1 – Identify and Interpret • List 4 things….. • Marks Given Max Time spend: Shade: • 4 marks 6 minutes 4 boxes shaded • Identify explicit information • Identify explicit ideas • Underline keywords in the question • Read the text • Shade the boxes of the statements you think are true • Make sure you only shade 4 boxes AO1 • Identify and interpret explicit and implicit information and ideas.• Select and synthesise evidence from different texts.

  18. Point from Text 1 with quotation Interpret information Point from Text 2 with quotation Interpret information & make links between the texts • Q2 – Summarise • Write a summary – • 8 marks – • 12 minutes • Identify and Interpret • Select and synthesise information from different texts • Underline relevant information in both texts • Interpret this information to answer the question • Show clear connections between the texts • Use relevant quotations to support points from both texts AO1• Identify and interpret explicit and implicit information and ideas• Select and synthesise evidence from different texts

  19. Q3 – language • How does the writer’s use of language… • Marks Given Max Time spend: Make approx: • 12 marks 18 minutes 4 points • Comment, Explain, Analyse • This question assesses language – words/phrases/language features/language techniques /sentences • Use language terminology • Select relevant quotations • Explain and analyse the effects of the writer’s choices of language Point Evidence Explain AO2Explain, comment on and analyse how writers use language and structure to achieve effects and influence readers, using relevantsubject terminology to support their views

  20. Q4 – Compare texts Compare how the writers present… Marks Given Max Time spend: Make approx: 16 marks 24 minutes 5 points Compare writers’ ideas & viewpoints, and how they are shown Devices to compare: Direct address (you/your) Metaphors, similes, imagery Imperative verbs (commands) Hyperbole (exaggeration) Rhetorical questions AO3Compare writers’ ideas and perspectives, as well as how these are conveyed, across two or more texts Connectives: In a similar way / in comparison On the other hand / however In contrast / whereas Explanation phrases Suggests / implies / conveys / evokes / indicates

  21. Paper 2: English: Section B Writing 40 marks 45 minutes

  22. Q5 (6) Argue, Inform, Explain – writing about your own point of view 5 mins planning 40 minutes writing 2-3 sides 24 marks content and organisation 16 marks accuracy Start with a powerful statement, fact, statistic or rhetorical question You need to present your reader with a clear set of logical ideas about a topic. You need to show consideration of alternative views to your own. TIPS: You MUST use devices throughout your response: Rhetorical questions 3 part list Exaggeration (hyperbole) Comparisons through imagery (simile, metaphor) Emotive language Anecdotes (personal stories & details or a case study) AO5 Content and OrganisationCommunicate clearly, effectively and imaginatively, selecting and adapting tone, style and register for different forms, purposes and audiences.Organise information and ideas, using structural and grammatical features to support coherence and cohesion of texts. CONNECTIVES to develop ideas: Firstly, secondly, in addition / Additionally, Furthermore, Moreover, In contrast, On the other hand, Alternatively, Finally, In conclusion Give articles a heading Set out letters the correct way

  23. Spelling, punctuation and grammar: 16 marks Don’t forget paragraphs! No paragraphs – No C grade! Sentence types: Simple/short Compound (and/but/or) Complex Adverb starts (ly words) One word sentences for effect Repetition of sentences and within sentences for effect Punctuation: It must be accurate It must be varied Spellings: There – a place (here and there) Their – belonging to them (it is their cat) They’re – short form of they are (they’re coming to my party) Your – belonging to you (that is your dog) You’re – short form of you are (you’re late again) AO6 Technical AccuracyCandidates must use a range of vocabulary and sentence structures for clarity, purpose and effect, with accurate spelling and punctuation. (This requirement must constitute 20% of the marks for each specification as a whole.) CAPITAL letters – names/places Commas – after connectives (firstly) and between items in lists Apostrophes – John’s – belonging to John Colons ( ) – introduces lists or reasons Semi colons (;) link two similar sentences or separate phases Exclamations (!) emphasis Dashes ( - ) creates a pause and add additional information Questions marks (?) even on rhetorical questions Ellipsis (…) creates a pause or a cliffhanger Interrobang (?!) use occasionally

  24. English Literature 8702 • An important note at the start: All exams are now closed text, so students will have to memorise quotations. Extracts are provided for some, but not all, of the Literature questions.

  25. English Literature 8702 Paper 1: Shakespeare and the 19th-century novel (64 marks) (40%) 1 hour and 45 minutes: Extracts are provided for both questions Section A: Shakespeare  Students will answer one question on their play of choice. (In the first year all students will be taught Macbeth in order to aid the recall of quotations). They will be required to write in detail about an extract from the play and then to write about the play as a whole. Section B: The 19th-century novel Students will answer one question on their novel of choice (this will either be The Strange Case of Dr. Jekyll & Mr. Hyde or A Christmas Carol depending on what they have studied in class). They will be required to write in detail about an extract from the novel and then to write about the novel as a whole.

  26. Shakespeare: MacbethA brief explanation of where the extract sits within the story will be provided An extract from a key scene in the play will be provided for the student, but they will have to remember quotations from the rest of the play. I would recommend looking at both questions straight away and writing down useful quotations immediately in order to have the best chance of remembering them. • The question will be linked to the extract and will be on a main character like Lady Macbeth, or a theme, for example ambition. • The student will need to analyse quotations from the extract (three quotations) • Then analyse quotations they have remembered from the rest of the play (three quotations)

  27. 19th Century Novel: Jekyll & Hyde or A Christmas CarolA brief explanation of where the extract sits within the story will be provided An extract from a key passage in the novel will be provided for the student, but they will have to remember quotations from the rest of the novel. I would recommend looking at both questions straight away and writing down useful quotations immediately in order to have the best chance of remembering them. • The question will be linked to the extract and will be on a main character like Hyde/Scrooge or a theme, for example the uncanny. • The student will need to analyse quotations from the extract (three quotations) • Then analyse quotations they have remembered from the rest of the novel (three quotations)

  28. English Literature 8702 Paper 2: Modern texts and poetry (96 marks) (60%) 2 hours and 15 minutes: Extracts are not provided for the play. The named poem is provided in Section B and the Unseen poems are provided in Section C Section A: Modern textsStudents will answer one essay question from a choice of two on their studied modern prose or drama text (this will be either DNA or An Inspector Calls). Section B: Poetry Students will answer one comparative question on one named poem printed on the paper and one other poem from their chosen anthology cluster (Conflict Cluster). Section C: Unseen poetry Students will answer one question on one unseen poem and one question comparing this poem with a second unseen poem.

  29. Modern text: DNA or An Inspector Calls • Students will have a choice of two questions, they should answer only one question on the play that they have studied with their class teacher • One of the questions is typically on a main character and the other on a theme. Students will need to remember six quotations. • ‘Swiss army knife’ quotations

  30. Conflict Poetry: Ozymandias I met a traveller from an antique land,  Who said—“Two vast and trunkless legs of stone  Stand in the desert. . . . Near them, on the sand,  Half sunk a shattered visage lies, whose frown,  And wrinkled lip, and sneer of cold command,  Tell that its sculptor well those passions read  Which yet survive, stamped on these lifeless things,  The hand that mocked them, and the heart that fed;  And on the pedestal, these words appear:  My name is Ozymandias, King of Kings;  Look on my Works, ye Mighty, and despair!  Nothing beside remains. Round the decay  Of that colossal Wreck, boundless and bare  The lone and level sands stretch far away.” • The question will ask the student to compare the poem provided to another poem in the cluster they have studied. The question should refer to a theme or a structural element.

  31. Unseen Poem In order to prepare students for the unseen element of the exam, a conflict poem is presented in class for students to analyse before the teacher begins to teach them – this helps them to prepare for a poem they have not studied before. • The question will ask the student to analyse and explain an aspect of the poem; a theme, the use of imagery or a structural element are the most likely topics for the questions.

  32. Second Unseen Poem This second unseen poem will be linked to the first; this section of the exam is aimed more towards high achieving students in English, however there is no reason why all students should not attempt this question • The final question will ask the student to compare the two unseen poems, in a similar way to the comparison question in Section B.

  33. Skills tested across the two GCSEs: • Analysis • Comparison • Creative writing • Evaluation • Structural features • SPaG (spelling, punctuation & grammar) • Interpret • Name (identify) • Get by heart (memorise)

  34. References: • @FKRitson • @Team_English1 • @AQAEnglish