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ELIZABETHAN THEATRE. Life in Shakespeare’s Time The Elizabethan Age. Queen Elizabeth ruled England during much of Shakespeare’s time. Life in Shakespeare’s Time Hygiene. How often did people bathe? a) Once a day b) Once a week c) Once a year (Answer).

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  2. Life in Shakespeare’s TimeThe Elizabethan Age • Queen Elizabeth ruled England during much of Shakespeare’s time.

  3. Life in Shakespeare’s TimeHygiene • How often did people bathe? • a) Once a day • b) Once a week • c) Once a year (Answer)

  4. Life in the Shakespeare’s TimeEntertainment • People sang, played musical instruments, and danced. • People would also enjoy hangings, bear baitings, and cockfights.

  5. Elizabethan Theatre • Until the mid-16th century, most plays were performed outside London.

  6. Shakespeare’s TheaterThe architecture • Some theaters were round with a covered stage. Most of the area had no roof.

  7. Elizabethan Theatre • The first London theatre was called The Theatre, built in 1576.

  8. ELIZABETHAN ENGLAND • The Theatres in London were not on the “better” side of the River Thames.

  9. Elizabethan Theatre • In London, plays were put on by theatre companies.

  10. Shakespeare’s Theater • The seats in the balconies cost more than the “pit,” where the crowd would stand on a dirt floor.

  11. Elizabethan Theatre • The audience • Because of the crowds, theatres were popular with thieves and pickpockets.

  12. THEATRE: A COMMERCIAL VENTURE • They announced what kind of play was showing with flags: Black-Tragedy, White-comedy, Red-History

  13. Theater • Theaters in London closed from 1593-1594 due to the Plague

  14. Elizabethan Theatre • Plague and Players • Theatre were closed during severe outbreaks of plague – they thought it spread more quickly in crowds

  15. Theatre Theatres used: • elaborate costumes • singing, swordplay, and acrobatics • trapdoors and wires

  16. Theatre • Wordplay, bawdy jokes, and lofty language appealed to Elizabethan audiences.

  17. The Globe Theatre • Globe built in 1599 by the Lord Chamberlain’s Men,

  18. THE GLOBE THEATRE • Had three sides.

  19. The Rebuilt Globe Theater, London

  20. The Globe Theater

  21. The Globe Theater 1599 Burned in 1613

  22. Globe cont. • Stage was 43 feet wide

  23. Globe cont. • The Globe held about 3000 people

  24. The New Globe Theater 1999

  25. TO BE OR NOT TO BE….. • The Globe theatre was burned to the ground in 1613

  26. “All the world 's a stage, / And all the men and women merely players.”—— William Shakespeare1564-1616

  27. Shakespeare

  28. The 3rd of 8 kids

  29. Educated at Stratford-on-Avon. William Shakespeare

  30. King’s New School – Shakespeare’s school From: http://perso.wanadoo.fr/danielle.esposito/

  31. He was christened April 26, 1564. Shakespeare

  32. WILLIAM SHAKESPEARE • Father John Shakespeare was a glove maker and trader • Married Anne Hathaway 1582.She was 26.He was 18

  33. Married Life • Anne was pregnant at the time • First daughter Susanna born in May, 1583

  34. Anne Hathaway’s Cottage From: http://perso.wanadoo.fr/danielle.esposito/

  35. He regularly performed for the aristocracy, including Queen Elizabeth. The King’s Men

  36. Shakespeare prospered even more under Elizabeth’s successor, King James of Scotland who ruled England during Shakespeare’s later career. The King’s Men

  37. THE KING’S MEN • Became King’s Men when James I became king in 1603. • Shakespeare’s Company was given royal patent.

  38. The Poetry • Two major poems • Venus and Adonis • Rape of Lucrece • 154 Sonnets

  39. Shakespeare’s Sonnets were Written between 1593-1600, and printed in 1609 Sonnets of Shakespeare

  40. What kind of plays? • During Shakespeare’s career, fashions and tastes in drama changed.

  41. The Plays • plays firmly attributed to Shakespeare • 14 comedies – ends in marriage • 10 histories – • 10 tragedies – ends in death • 4 romances –

  42. What Kind of Plays? • Tragicomedy • A mixture of tragedy and comedy • Seems to move toward a tragic ending but a twist in the plot saves the characters.

  43. What Kind of Plays? • History plays • Usually tell the stories of great leaders and kings.

  44. Tragic Hero • Often a man of high rank, such as a king or prince • Creates, or is put into, a difficult situation which he must try to resolve.

  45. Doom and Destiny • Many people believed in fate, or destiny, and in the power of the stars to foretell the future.

  46. Shakespeare’s Language • Shakespeare wrote in “Early Modern English”

  47. Shakespeare’s Language • Shakespeare coined many words we still use today: • Critical • Majestic • Dwindle • And quite a few phrases as well: • One fell swoop • Flesh and blood • Vanish into thin air See http://www.wordorigins.org/histeng.htm

  48. ShakespeareinLanguage Elizabethan theatre has had a very important effect on today’s theatre, and other parts of every day life. For example: • Shakespeare coined over 1600 words still used today including: countless, critical, excellent, lonely, majestic, obscene and its.

  49. SHAKESPEARE AS A MUSICAL? • Many of Shakespeare’s plays have been adapted into other forms

  50. William Shakespeare • His plays are now performed all over the world in hundreds of languages.

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