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ELIZABETHAN THEATRE. Life in Shakespeare’s Time The Elizabethan Age. Queen Elizabeth ruled England during much of Shakespeare’s time. Life in Shakespeare’s Time Hygiene. How often did people bathe? a) Once a day b) Once a week c) Once a year (Answer).
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Life in Shakespeare’s TimeThe Elizabethan Age • Queen Elizabeth ruled England during much of Shakespeare’s time.
Life in Shakespeare’s TimeHygiene • How often did people bathe? • a) Once a day • b) Once a week • c) Once a year (Answer)
Life in the Shakespeare’s TimeEntertainment • People sang, played musical instruments, and danced. • People would also enjoy hangings, bear baitings, and cockfights.
Elizabethan Theatre • Until the mid-16th century, most plays were performed outside London.
Shakespeare’s TheaterThe architecture • Some theaters were round with a covered stage. Most of the area had no roof.
Elizabethan Theatre • The first London theatre was called The Theatre, built in 1576.
ELIZABETHAN ENGLAND • The Theatres in London were not on the “better” side of the River Thames.
Elizabethan Theatre • In London, plays were put on by theatre companies.
Shakespeare’s Theater • The seats in the balconies cost more than the “pit,” where the crowd would stand on a dirt floor.
Elizabethan Theatre • The audience • Because of the crowds, theatres were popular with thieves and pickpockets.
THEATRE: A COMMERCIAL VENTURE • They announced what kind of play was showing with flags: Black-Tragedy, White-comedy, Red-History
Theater • Theaters in London closed from 1593-1594 due to the Plague
Elizabethan Theatre • Plague and Players • Theatre were closed during severe outbreaks of plague – they thought it spread more quickly in crowds
Theatre Theatres used: • elaborate costumes • singing, swordplay, and acrobatics • trapdoors and wires
Theatre • Wordplay, bawdy jokes, and lofty language appealed to Elizabethan audiences.
The Globe Theatre • Globe built in 1599 by the Lord Chamberlain’s Men,
THE GLOBE THEATRE • Had three sides.
The Globe Theater 1599 Burned in 1613
Globe cont. • Stage was 43 feet wide
Globe cont. • The Globe held about 3000 people
TO BE OR NOT TO BE….. • The Globe theatre was burned to the ground in 1613
“All the world 's a stage, / And all the men and women merely players.”—— William Shakespeare1564-1616
Educated at Stratford-on-Avon. William Shakespeare
King’s New School – Shakespeare’s school From: http://perso.wanadoo.fr/danielle.esposito/
He was christened April 26, 1564. Shakespeare
WILLIAM SHAKESPEARE • Father John Shakespeare was a glove maker and trader • Married Anne Hathaway 1582.She was 26.He was 18
Married Life • Anne was pregnant at the time • First daughter Susanna born in May, 1583
Anne Hathaway’s Cottage From: http://perso.wanadoo.fr/danielle.esposito/
He regularly performed for the aristocracy, including Queen Elizabeth. The King’s Men
Shakespeare prospered even more under Elizabeth’s successor, King James of Scotland who ruled England during Shakespeare’s later career. The King’s Men
THE KING’S MEN • Became King’s Men when James I became king in 1603. • Shakespeare’s Company was given royal patent.
The Poetry • Two major poems • Venus and Adonis • Rape of Lucrece • 154 Sonnets
Shakespeare’s Sonnets were Written between 1593-1600, and printed in 1609 Sonnets of Shakespeare
What kind of plays? • During Shakespeare’s career, fashions and tastes in drama changed.
The Plays • plays firmly attributed to Shakespeare • 14 comedies – ends in marriage • 10 histories – • 10 tragedies – ends in death • 4 romances –
What Kind of Plays? • Tragicomedy • A mixture of tragedy and comedy • Seems to move toward a tragic ending but a twist in the plot saves the characters.
What Kind of Plays? • History plays • Usually tell the stories of great leaders and kings.
Tragic Hero • Often a man of high rank, such as a king or prince • Creates, or is put into, a difficult situation which he must try to resolve.
Doom and Destiny • Many people believed in fate, or destiny, and in the power of the stars to foretell the future.
Shakespeare’s Language • Shakespeare wrote in “Early Modern English”
Shakespeare’s Language • Shakespeare coined many words we still use today: • Critical • Majestic • Dwindle • And quite a few phrases as well: • One fell swoop • Flesh and blood • Vanish into thin air See http://www.wordorigins.org/histeng.htm
ShakespeareinLanguage Elizabethan theatre has had a very important effect on today’s theatre, and other parts of every day life. For example: • Shakespeare coined over 1600 words still used today including: countless, critical, excellent, lonely, majestic, obscene and its.
SHAKESPEARE AS A MUSICAL? • Many of Shakespeare’s plays have been adapted into other forms
William Shakespeare • His plays are now performed all over the world in hundreds of languages.