KEY ISSUES TO ADDRESS Reflections on conference themes and setting the scene for the future Mary O’Kane Terry Cutler
Jarring notes and déjà vu! Information/data integration vs synthesis; the myth of convergence Working with data partials and an imperfect world!
Undeveloped themes and blindspots: Issues of definition and governance (Tom Cochrane) - who are the “natural” custodians/owners of data sets and information? Quality of data: DIRTY DATA Information architectures back on the agenda - Knowledge networks (cf value nets vs value chains)) International harmonisation around ethics, research standards, etc Need for attention to a formal language - meta-languages. The ethnology of eResearch Attention to what H&SS can offer Role of Government - only governments have the critical mass to create platforms and scaleable repositories Strategies and options for marginal players - the “2% CHALLENGETM “ for Australia Smart tools Aligning behaviours and incentives Legal frameworks for addressing the DARK SIDE and unintended consequences
Foreseen uses Data Information LEGAL FRAMEWORKS DEFINED AROUND ASSUMED USE? Unforeseen uses and opportunities - other science domains Unforeseen uses - beyond science (general access to and use of information) Response? “design for re-use; need legal frameworks for future eResearch” - John Wilbanks
OPEN ACCESS TO CYBERINFRASTRUCTURE FOR ALL, NOW! LEGAL FRAMEWORKS DEFINED AROUND eSCIENCE AS A CLOSED SYSTEM? LEGAL FRAMEWORKS DEFINED AROUND eSCIENCE WITHIN CONTEXT OF BUSINESS MODELS, COMMUNITY GOODS AND INNOVATION ? An infrastrucuture forscience An infrastructure for open innovation A “walled garden” - like AOL and the Internet? Legal frameworks around impacts or outputs? Considerations of paths to impact (leveraging results and outcomes)
Aligning behaviours and incentives Who needs to think about behaviour and incentives? • researchers (employment law) • universities (Federal conflicts; role of commercialisation) • university lawyers and Technology Transfer Officers • Governments - legislation, regulation and funding • research intensive firms • and …. Developing country players - access, exploitation, leap-frogging Developing research domains - “the local third world” Collaboration: rhetoric versus reality • the obstacles to inter-disciplinary and cross-sectoral collaboration • • the role of the humanities (core or tokenistic) • the lack of robust collaboration tools and platforms • the fundamentals of social networks - COLLABORATION AS INTERACTION DESIGN! • the rights and responsibilities of individuals and “subjects” within the social context • of research - and collaboration as “action research”. • ( Volunteers - BOM, Desert Knowledge CRC; access to smart tools for public) Challenge: articulate desired behaviours. What are the KPIs?
Learnings - from over the fence and from the past? What went right with previous infrastructure? EG: AARNet, Internet 2 etc What went wrong? NCRIS incorporated The lessons from telecommunications access and interconnection Regulation of content bottlenecks INTEROPERABILTY versus centralised, control models INTERMEDIARIES - Innovation Xchange International collaborations - WMO
Interconnection and equal access - principles from telecommunications Fundamental premises: • “any to any” connectivity (inter-operability) • Dominant players should not be able to create “bottlenecks” Principles: • Arrangement should promote efficiency • Reciprocity • the economics of arrangements should be clear and unbundled, promoting: - desired level of investment in infrastructure (without wasteful duplication) - lowest possible transaction costs • Remove obstacles to users accessing services • Promote redundancy Network “interconnection and access” principles are applicable to to information and content networks. Content is the new bottleneck. Source: Austel, 1991
MISSING LINKS Links with teaching and learning … curriculum Postgraduate research models and practice Internationalising post-grad research Linkages between academic and industry research Legal frameworks for addressing the DARK SIDE & unintended consequences Vilification - from linkages Fraud, misconduct, and data spam How to deal with this? - Etiquette around social behaviour (cf net) The risks to science from bad/wrong commercialisation models - stranded or orphaned IP The ethnology of eResearch
Tackling cargo cults - the myths of (linear) commercialisation (the other 2% Challenge!)
Finding new metaphors? Analogue and paper-based metaphors are not helpful, but what is alternative narrative? Water? • ground water • run-off • floods • ice • heavy water • acid rain • salinity • filtration • purification • etc Fire?