Objectives • To promote awareness of the prevalence and consequences of : • Bullying • Cyberbullying • Promote strategies to prevent these actions
Defining Bullying: Bullying is a for of aggressivebehavior manifested by the use of force or coercion to affect others, particularly when the behavior is habitual and involves an imbalance of power. It can include verbal harassment,physicalassault or coercion and may be directed repeatedly towards particular victims, perhaps on grounds of race, religion, gender, sexuality, or ability. The "imbalance of power" may be social power and/or physical power. The victim of bullying is sometimes referred to as a "target“ Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Types of Bullying • Physical Bullying- hitting, kicking, or any physical aggression. • Verbal Bullying- Teasing, name calling, put downs, or other behavior that would deliberately hurt others’ feelings or make them feel bad. • Emotional or Exclusion Bullying- starting rumors, telling others not to be friends with someone or other actions that would cause someone to be without friends. • Cyber-bullying- Using electronic device mediums such as but not limited to computers, cell phones, and pagers to bully (bullying defined above) others through methods such as posting comments, statements, or pictures on blogs or websites, text messaging, instant messaging, and email.
Bullying in US Schools • 1 in 7 school children is a bully or a victim • 160,000 students skip school daily because of bullying… impacts absenteeism • Effects of bullying persist into adulthood, with victims being at greater risk for depression • Bullies being at four-times greater risk for criminal behavior • Detracts from student learning and time spent teaching • Bullying occurs at all ages, but is most prevalent during the middle school years.
Middle School Occurrences • 66% had been the victim of multiple bullying behaviors during the last month • 25% skipped recess, not gone to the bathroom, lunch or class, pretended to be sick and went home, or avoided a hallway or some other place at school to get away from a bully • 8% had skipped school at least once due to fear of others during the school year American Public Health Association Annual Meeting, Philadelphia, PA, November 11, 2009
The State of Texas has Responded • More than 10 different versions of anti-bullying legislation were filed this session (April 2011) • Texas lawmakers have approved anti-bullying legislation. The law would require schools to have improved bullying-prevention policies • Review HB 1942 passed August 2011
Response to HB1942 • How did your district respond? • Policy • Implementation? • Other district plans
Bullying Roles • Bully • Victim • Bystander
Defining Cyberbullying Cyberbullying is the use of the Internet and related technologies to harm other people, in a deliberate, repeated, and hostile manner. Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Cyberbullying Roles • Cyberbully • Victim or Target • Helpful Bystander • Harmful Bystander
The Similarities with Traditional Bullying • Aggressive Behavior • Power Imbalance • Repeated Behavior • Related Incidents Robin M. Kowalski PhD , Susan P. Limber PhD, Patricia W. Agatston PhD Cyber Bullying: Bullying in the Digital Age (2008)
BULLYING • DIRECT • Occurs on school property • Fear retribution CYBERBULLYING • ANONYMOUS • Occurs off school property • Fear loss of technology privileges Barbara Trolley, Ph.D. CRC, Connie Hanel, M.S.E.d & Linda Shields, M.S.E.d., Demystifying and Deescalating Cyber Bullying ( 2006) http://www.nyssca.org/CYBERBULLYING-pp-BT28th.ppt
Extreme Cases Extreme cases of Bullying and Cyberbullying has led to suicide among US adolescence Megan Meier Ryan Halligan Phoebe Prince Video 3 Available
Warning Signs of Bullying When your child… • Comes home with damaged or missing clothing or other belongings • Reports losing items such as books, electronics, clothing, or jewelry • Has unexplained injuries • Complains frequently of headaches, stomach aches, or feeling sick • Has trouble sleeping or has frequent bad dreams • Has changes in eating habits • Hurts themselves • Are very hungry after school from not eating their lunch • Runs away from home http://stopbullying.gov/topics/warning_signs/index.html
Warning Signs of Bullying • Loses interest in visiting or talking with friends • Is afraid of going to school or other activities with peers • Loses interest in school work or begins to do poorly in school • Appears sad, moody, angry, anxious or depressed when they come home • Feels helpless-Talks about suicide • Often feels like they are not good enough • Blames themselves for their problems • Suddenly has fewer friends • Acts differently than usual http://stopbullying.gov/topics/warning_signs/index.html
What Now?Strategies to Address CyberBullying STOP, BLOCK, TELL STOP what you are doing. Don’t reply, don't forward, don't print out. Tell your child not to respond to the cyberbully. BLOCK the cyberbully. TELL a trusted adult. Talk with your child and encourage them to report the incident. Document ongoing cyberbullying. Be persistent. Talk regularly with your child to see whether the cyberbullying has stopped.