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Sociology: Ch 3 Section 1

Sociology: Ch 3 Section 1

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Sociology: Ch 3 Section 1

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  1. Sociology: Ch 3 Section 1 Cultural Conformity and Adaptation “The American Value System”

  2. Traditional American Values • 1970: Robin Williams • Formulated “15 Central American Values” • 1. Personal Achievement • Nation based on “Individual” & “Competition”: Economics/ Capitalism • 2. Work • Discipline, Dedication, and Hard Work seen as a virtue by Americans

  3. Traditional American Values • 3. Morality & Humanitarianism • U.S. founded on “morality” (In Theory) • Charity toward less fortunate • View world in terms of “Right and Wrong” • World not viewed in terms of “Different” • 4. Efficiency & Practicality • Americans tend to be practical and inventive • Every problem can be solved • Find an efficient way • *Americans judge people/product on usefulness

  4. Traditional American Values • 5. Progress & Material Comfort • In spite of times, Americans look to future w/ optimism • Hard Work: on improving living conditions • ***High value on material comfort • 6. Equality and Democracy • Principle of equality (In theory) • Equality in opportunity • Equal chance at success • * Success MUST be earned • Citizens SHOULD participate in Gov’t

  5. Traditional American Values • Freedom • Very important • Freedom of Choice and FROM Government • Laissez Faire • Robin Williams • Nationalism -Science • Patriotism -Individulism • Rationality

  6. Our Changing American Values • New Values • Self-Fulfillment • Commitment to development of one’s own talent, personality, and potential • *Education is also considered a new important value

  7. Reactions to Change in Values • Christopher Lasch • The Culture of Narcissism • Narcissism: Extreme self centered • *Negative on society • Daniel Yankelovich: Psychologists • Believed that self-fulfillment is good for society • “If all of the PARTS of society strive to get better, then society, as a whole, WILL get better”

  8. Review Assignment: • http://go.hrw.com/activities/frameset.html?main=9879.html • Main Assignment: Your Favorite Celebrity