TREATY OF VERSAILLES: ISSUES TO BE SETTLED ----------------------------------------- • TERRITORIAL ADJUSTMENTS • REPARATIONS • ARMAMENT RESTRICTIONS • WAR GUILT • LEAGUE OF NATIONS
TREATY OF VERSAILLES, EUROPE 1914 1919
Problems with Treaty of Versailles • Caused anger and resentment • Germans saw as unfair • Hate began to grow towards those who caused the problem. • Polish, jews
German Upheaval • Treaty of Versailles • Pay Huge War Reparations • Lost colonies and territories • Disarmed German Military • 100,000 Army • German lost National pride after WW I Weimar Republic was weak and leaderless
TREATY OF VERSAILLES, GERMAN ARMAMENT LIMITATIONS
TREATY OF VERSAILLES, GERMAN WAR GUILT
GERMAN ECONOMIC PROBLEMS AFTER WORLD WAR I • In January 1921, German currency was worth 64 marks to the dollar. • By November 1923 this had changed to 4,200,000,000,000 marks to the dollar…. PRICE OF A LOAF OF BREAD • In 1918 a loaf of bread cost just over half a mark. • By 1922 the cost had risen to 163 marks for a loaf of bread. • By November of 1923 a loaf of bread cost 201,000 million marks
Nationalism Grips Europe and Asia • Because of the economic depression, powerful dictators rose to power driven by the belief in Nationalism • Loyalty to one’s country above all else-and dreams of territorial expansion.
RISE OF TOTALITARIAN REGIMES • ITALY • GERMANY • JAPAN • Totalitarianism-government that exerts Complete control over citizens. You have no rights and the gov. suppresses all opposition.
AXIS POWER: GERMANY
The Nazi’s Take over Germany • End of WWI Hitler joined The National Socialist German Worker’s party (Nazi) • Quickly rose to ranks as leader • Basic beliefs of party (Nazism) • Extreme nationalism and racism • Believed in master race (Aryans) blond hair blue eyes. • National expansion. (Germans needed more room) • 1933 Hitler appointed Prime Minister. Established new gov. The Third Reich
Nazism • Extreme German Nationalism • Aryans as a master race with others only fit to serve Aryans • “Blue Eyed, Blonde Haired” • National Expansion
Rise of Hitler • Mein Kampf or “My Struggle” • Hitler was elected chancellor and Nazi’s began to gain seats in the Reichstag • Enabling Act (1933) created the 3rd Reich
Cover page of German editions of Mein Kampf, written in 1924 while Hitler was imprisoned for staging a revolt His political views. He blamed Jews and Communists for all of Germany’s problems. Layed out his plans for world conquest.
The beginnings of Nazi Party NAZI PROGRAM IMPLEMENTED: HITLER BEGAN RESTRUCTURING GERMAN SOCIETY. JEWS WERE STRIPPED OF CITIZENSHIP AND DENIED BASIC HUMAN RIGHTS. SCHOOLS WERE PUT UNDER NAZI CONTROL AND STUDENTS WERE TURNED INTO GOOD NAZIS. THE NEWSPAPERS, RADIO, FILMS AND EVERYTHING ELSE WAS TAKEN OVER BY THE NAZI PARTY AND USED TO ADVANCE HITLER'S GOALS.
NAZI PROPAGANDA DEPICTING THE IDEAL ARYAN MEMBER OF THE MASTER RACE NAZI PROPAGANDA DEPICTING THE IDEAL GERMAN ARYAN
EXAMPLES OF NAZI ANTI-SEMITISM FINAL SOLUTION TO THE JEWISH PROBLEM
Depression, unemployment and hard times led to a dramatic increase in voting for Hitler and the Nazi Party.
VOLKSWAGEN: A CAR FOR ALMOST EVERY GERMAN FAMILY So that everyone could afford
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=eXf_YACwHmU&safety_mode=true&persist_safety_mode=1&safe=activehttp://www.youtube.com/watch?v=eXf_YACwHmU&safety_mode=true&persist_safety_mode=1&safe=active • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=HCmvDwDocrw&safety_mode=true&persist_safety_mode=1&safe=active
HITLER BEGINS HIS MARCH TO WORLD CONQUEST LEADING TO WORLD WAR II • 1935: HITLER DECLARES THAT GERMANY WILL REARM, IN VIOLATION OF THE TREATY OF VERSAILLES • MARCH 1936: HITLER SENDS GERMAN SOLDIERS TO REOCCUPY THE RHINELAND, NEXT TO FRANCE, VIOLATING THE TREATY OF VERSAILLES • MARCH 1938: HITLER TAKES OVER AUSTRIA AND TURNS IT INTO A GERMAN PROVINCE KNOWN AS OSTMARK • SEPTEMBER 1938: HITLER DEMANDS AND IS GIVEN THE STRATEGIC CZECHOSLOVAKIAN SUDETENLAND WITHOUT A FIGHT • MARCH 1939: HITLER TAKES OVER THE REST OF CZECHOSLOVAKIA • SEPTEMBER 1,1939: HITLER INVADES POLAND • SEPTEMBER 3, 1939: BRITAIN AND FRANCE DECLARE WAR ON GERMANY, AND WORLD WAR TWO BEGINS
THE WORLD IS SHOCKED WHEN TWO BITTER ENEMIES, GERMANY AND THE USSR, SIGN A NONAGGRESSION PACT IN AUGUST 1939 PROMISING NOT TO ATTACK EACH OTHER
HITLER INVADES POLAND: SEPTEMBER 1, 1939 Bliitzkrieg