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When do children grow the fastest?

When do children grow the fastest?

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When do children grow the fastest?

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  1. 1 When do children grow the fastest? a) Adolescence b) The first three years, especially during the first few months c) During breast feeding d) The first year of life b) The first three years, especially during the first few months

  2. 2 Children begin teething around_______ but the first tooth may not actually arrive until sometime between________ or even later. a) 3 to 4 months; 5 and 9 months b) 5 to 9 months; 2 ½ and 3 years c) 3 to 4 months; 1 and 2 years d) 1 to 2 months; 5 and 9 months • a) 3 to 4 months; 5 and 9 months

  3. 3 A typical body shape for a 3 year old is______. a) chubby b) pot belly c) slender d) over weight c) slender

  4. 4 According to the cephalocaudal principle__________. a) growth occurs from center out b) growth occurs from toe to head c) growth occurs in various steps d) growth occurs from head to toe d) growth occurs from head to toe

  5. 5 As the child’s height increases the size of the head______. a) stays the same b) decreases c) increases d) none of these b) decreases

  6. 6 Babies lastly develop the ability to use which______. a) upper arms b) fingers and toes c) hands and feet d) forelegs b) fingers and toes

  7. 7 The_____ an infant inherits have strong influence on how they will look. a) money b) imprint c) genes d) gamete c) genes

  8. 8 Today children in many developed countries are growing taller and maturing sexually at an earlier age because of_______. a) scientific experiment b) better nutrition and medical care c) new vitamins being introduced d) all of these b) better nutrition and medical care

  9. 9 A woman who is either unable or unwilling to nurse her baby usually finds another woman known as a _______. a) midwife b) milk maid c) wet nurse d) feeding nurse c) wet nurse

  10. 10 What is colostrum? a) The color of the mother’s milk b) The term for stress of separation from mother and infant c) Antibody-rich fluid produced in the first few days after childbirth d) none of these • c) Antibody-rich fluid produced in the first few • days after childbirth

  11. 11 Between the 16th and 18th centuries wet nursing was said to be_______. a) against nature b) poisonous bottle c) not sterile d) beneficial • a) against nature

  12. 12 Which of the following is true about breast-feeding? a) Breast-feeding is beneficial towards visual acuity and cognitive development. b) Breast-feeding can prevent pneumonia. c) When breast-feeding women should be careful about what they take into their bodies. d) A and C are true e) All are true • e) All are true

  13. 13 Solid foods and juice should be gradually introduced at around__________. And cow’s milk should be introduced at around ____________. a) 9 months, 1 year b) 6 months, 1 year c) 7 months, 12 months d) 12 months, 18 months • b) 6 months, 1 year

  14. 14 Which milk promotes proper growth for babies? a) 2%milk b) Reduced fat milk c) Homogenized whole milk with vitamin D d) Any cow’s milk will provide proper growth • c) Homogenized whole milk with vitamin D

  15. 15 A condition that dangerously narrows blood vessels and leads to heart disease is know as a)atherosclerosis b) diabetes c) high blood pressure d) none of these a) atherosclerosis

  16. 16 The central nervous system consists of a) Veins and blood flow b) Heart c) Spinal cord and brain d) Lungs • c) Spinal cord and brains

  17. 17 Which part of the brain grows the fastest during the first year of life? a) Cerebellum b) Brain stem c) Cerebrum d) Corpus callosum a) Cerebellum

  18. 18 The specialization of each of the brain’s hemispheres is called a) Myelination b) Lateralization c) Differentiation d) Integration • b) Lateralization

  19. 19 This part of the brain controls bodily functions such as, breathing, heart rate, and body temperature. This part is called a) Cerebellum b) Corpus callosum c) Cerebral cortex d) Brain stem • d) Brain stem

  20. 20 Which of the following is not a lobe found in the brain? a) Lateral Lobe b) Frontal Lobe c) Occipital Lobe d) Temporal Lobe e) Parietal Lobe • a) Lateral Lobe

  21. 21 Tissue that joins and allows hemispheres to share information and receive commands is called a) Neuron b) Corpus callosum c) Synapse d) Cerebral cortex • b) Corpus callosum

  22. 22 The process by which neurons acquire specialized structure and function is know as a) Lateralization b) Integration c) Differentiation d) Myelination • d) Myelination

  23. 23 Human infants have an estimated __ major reflexes. a) 20 b) 27 c) 15 d) 23 • b) 27

  24. 24 Which of the following reflexes is an example of a primitive reflex? a) Rooting Reflex b) Moro Reflex c) Darwinain Reflex d) All of the above e) Only a and c are correct • d) All of the above

  25. 25 ___________ is modifiability of the brain through experience. a) Dilation b) Myelination c) Plasticity d) None of the above • c) Plasticity

  26. 26 In infants senses develop rapidly in the early months of life. Which sense is the first to develop? a) Smell b) Taste c) Touch d) Hearing e) Sight • c) Touch

  27. 27 Which of the following is true about sight in babies? a) Newborns can blink at bright lights b) Color perception is developed at about 3 months c) The ability to follow a moving target is developed in the first months d) Four-month-old babies prefer red and blue colors e) All of these • e) All of these

  28. 28 Around what time do babies approximately reach the 20/20 level of vision? a) 3 months b) 5 months c) 8 months d) 12 months e) babies are born with 20/20 vision • c) 8 months

  29. 29 Crawling helps babies learn to_____ and ______. a) get up; dance b) be strong; confident c) judge distances; perceive depth d) All of these c) judge distances; perceive depth

  30. 30 _____ and motor activity seem to be fairly well coordinated from birth. a) Visual guidance b) Hearing c) Sensory d) Reflexes • c) Sensory

  31. 31 The use of the eyes to guide the movement of the hands (or other parts of the body) is_______. a) haptic perception b) visual guidance c) visual cliff d) depth perception • b) visual guidance

  32. 32 The ability to perceive objects and surfaces in three dimensions is_______. a) x-rated vision b) visual guidance c) depth perception d) visual cliff • c) depth perception

  33. 33 Haptic perception comes only after babies develop enough______ to reach for objects and grasp them. a) eye-hand coordination b) strength c) visual guidance d) all of these • a) eye-hand coordination

  34. 34 Visual cliff is a device for testing infants’ a) visual preferences b) peripheral vision c) depth perception d) none of these • c) depth perception

  35. 35 According to the Gibsons,_____ occurs through a growing ability to detect and differentiate the many features of a rich sensory environment. a) perceptual learning b) cognitive perspective c) operant conditioning d) schizophrenia • a) perceptual learning

  36. 36 The Denver Developmental______ Test is a test given to children 1 month to 6 years old to determine whether they are developing normally. a) Sight b) Screaming c) Screening d) Hearing • c) Screening

  37. 37 Physical skills that involve the small muscles and eye-hand coordination are called______. a) fine motor skills b) large motor skills c) gross motor skills d) none of these • a) fine motor skills

  38. 38 A few months after the third birthday, the average toddler can ______fairly well. a) walk b) copy a circle c) cry d) sing b) copy a circle

  39. 39 Increasingly complex combinations of skills that permit a wider or more precise range of movement and more control of the environment are called_____. a) systems of action b) systems of reaction c) systems of milestones d) systems of reflexes • a) systems of action

  40. 40 The average baby can sit without support by_____ and can assume a sitting position without help about_____ later. a) 2 months; 2 ½ months b) 2 ½ months; 3 months c) 6 months; 2 ½ months d) none of these • c) 6 months; 2 ½ months

  41. 41 Proportion of babies born alive who die within the first year is______. a) sudden infant death syndrome b) infant mortality rate c) postneonatal mortality rate d) neonatal mortality rate • b) infant mortality rate

  42. 42 Which of the following mothers is less likely to continue breast-feed their baby? a) Less-educated mothers b) Working mothers c) Teenage mothers d) Lower-income mothers e) All of the above • e) All of the above

  43. 43 According to UNICEF, about how many infants worldwide, are ever breast-fed? a) 60% b) 50% c) 85% d) 87% e) 75% b) 50%

  44. 44 Which of the following milks is more digestible? a) Soy protein milk b) Cow’s milk c) Breast milk d) Formula milk c) Breast milk

  45. 45 Breast milk is called the "ultimate health food" because it offers physical, emotional and ________benefits to babies. a) Cognitive b) Psychological c) Mental d) Social a) Cognitive

  46. 46 If a mother is infected with HIV, and continues to breast-feed her baby, risk of infecting the child with the virus will a) Decrease b) Increase c) Stay the same d) None of the above. HIV can not be transmitted through breast-feeding. b) Increase

  47. 47 _________________is the world’s most common nutritional disorder, affecting 6-24-month-old babies in the U.S. a) Aplastic Anemia b) Protein-Energy Deficiency c) Iron Deficiency Anemia d) Vitamin Deficiency Anemia e) Obesity c) Iron Deficiency Anemia

  48. 48 An infant that does poorly on cognitive tests, and is less playful, less independent, less joyful and easily tired shows symptoms of which nutritional disorder? a) Obesity b) Iron Deficiency Anemia c) Vitamin Deficiency Anemia d) Protein-Energy Deficiency Anemia b) Iron Deficiency Anemia

  49. 49 Two factors seem to influence most strongly the chances of an overweight child becoming an obese adult: Genes and_________. a) Gender b) Race c) Height d) Age d) Age

  50. 50 A waxy substance found in human and animal tissue is known as a) Cholesterol b) Colostrum c) Atherosclerosis d) Sugar a) Cholesterol