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Re-Saturating Riparian Buffers In Tile Drained Landscapes.

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  1. Re-Saturating Riparian Buffers In Tile Drained Landscapes. Dan B. Jaynes, USDA-ARS-National Laboratory for Agriculture and the Environment and Tom M. Isenhart, Iowa State University Natural Resource Ecology and Management

  2. Schematic of nitrogen transformation and retention in a riparian buffer. plant uptake denitrification filtering interflow leaching Tile

  3. Question: Can we re-direct tile flow from row crop fields into riparian buffers and thus remove substantial amounts of nitrate before it reaches surface waters?

  4. Stream Riparian buffer Field * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * *

  5. Stream Riparian buffer Field * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * * Distribution pipe Overflow discharge pipe Diverter box

  6. Induced interflow a) Enhanced uptake b) Enhanced denitrification c) Surface discharge d) Channel slumping

  7. 1st Year Results Diverted 60% of measured flow through buffer

  8. Fate of Nitrate in Buffer

  9. Economics • For this example, 305 m of 4 in. distribution tile would cost $303 @ $0.33 per foot. • The control box for tile drainage diversion would cost $1000 installed. Another $100 would be required for design work. • Assuming a 20yr life expectancy for the system at 4% interest would add about $700 in opportunity cost. • Thus, the total cost of the installation would be $2103 over 20 yr or $105.15 per year. • 1st year nitrate removal at Bear Cr. was 250 kg. • This gives a cost of $0.42 kg-1 nitrate-N removed. • Compared to constructed wetlands ($2.91/kg) and fall planted cover crops ($6.77/kg).

  10. Potential Impact • We estimate there are 63,000 km of buffered stream bank in Iowa • If we assume only 10% of existing buffers can be re-saturated • And use the nitrate removal rate found here (820 kg N/km/yr): • 5.2 million kg N/yr removed from Iowa streams

  11. Thank you Dan Jaynes dan.jaynes@ars.usda.gov