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Chapter 15. Earth, Moon & Sun Review. What is this phase of the moon?. a. Third or Last Quarter Moon b. Waxing crescent Moon c. First Quarter Moon d. Full Moon e. New Moon. The rotation of the Earth on its axis causes . . . a. a month b. a year c. a day d. a season

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Earth, Moon & Sun Review


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    1. Chapter 15 Earth, Moon & Sun Review

    2. What is this phase of the moon? • a. Third or Last Quarter Moon • b. Waxing crescent Moon • c. First Quarter Moon • d. Full Moon • e. New Moon

    3. The rotation of the Earth on its axis causes . . . • a. a month • b. a year • c. a day • d. a season • e. the Earth to tilt

    4. The Earth _______ around the Sun in one ________. • a. rotates, year • b. revolves, day • c. travels, month • d. orbits, season • e. revolves, year • f. rotates, day

    5. What day is the longest (greatest time of daylight) in the northern hemisphere? • a. December 21st • b. March 21st • c. September 21st • d. June 21st

    6. What is this phase of the Moon? • a.1st quarter Moon • b. last or 3rd quarter Moon • c. waning crescent • d. waxing gibbous • e. waxing crescent

    7. What is the type of eclipse shown above called? • a. partial solar eclipse • b. total solar eclipse • c. partial lunar eclipse • d. total lunar eclipse

    8. A boat captain needs to launch at high tide.  He just missed having his ship ready to launch when a high tide peaked at 9:00 a.m.  At about what time will the next high tide come? • a. about 8:30 a.m. the next day • b. about 9:30 p.m. • c. Tides are unpredictable. • d. about 9:00 p.m.

    9. What phase must the Moon be in for a solar eclipse to occur? • a. full • b. last quarter • c. first quarter • d. new • e. crescent

    10. What conditions cause a person to observe this type of solar eclipse? • a. The Moon is nearer to Earth than during a total solar eclipse. • b. The Sun is nearer to Earth than during a total solar eclipse. • c. The Moon is farther from Earth than during a total solar eclipse. • d. The Sun is farther from Earth than during a total solar eclipse.

    11. What positions of the Sun, Earth and Moon cause a lunar eclipse? • a. Moon farther from Earth than the Sun • b. Full Moon between Earth and Sun • c. Moon between Earth and Sun • d. Earth between Sun and Moon 

    12. Why do more people on Earth see a lunar eclipse than a solar eclipse? • a. The Earth’s rotation is faster than the Moon’s orbital speed around the Earth. • b. The Moon’s orbital plane is more tilted than the Earth’s axial tilt. • c. The Moon orbits the Earth faster than Earth orbits the Sun. • d. The Earth’s shadow is larger than the Moon’s shadow.

    13. What causes the seasons? • a. The tilt of the Earth’s axis is toward the Sun during the summer allowing the Sun’s rays to more directly hit the Earth. • b. The rotation of the Earth slows during the summer allowing days to be longer than nights. • c. The Sun releases more energy during summer than in winter. • d. The Earth is closer to the Sun in summer than in winter because of the Earth’s elliptical  orbit.

    14. When will the highest tides be experienced? • a. when the Earth and Moon are in a line • b. when the Earth, Moon and Sun are all in a line • c. when the Earth and Moon are in a line and the Sun is perpendicular to them • d. when the Moon and Sun are in a line and the Earth is perpendicular to them

    15. The part of a shadow that is only partly illuminated; partial shadow. A. Umbra B. Penumbra C. Apogee D. Perigee E. Spring tide F. Neap tide

    16. When the Southern hemisphere, is tilted toward the sun, it is . . . • Winter in the southern hemisphere. • Summer in the eastern hemisphere. • Spring in the northern hemisphere. • Fall in the western hemisphere. • Winter in the northern hemisphere. • Summer in the northern hemisphere.

    17. At the same time that a person in Australia is seeing a new moon at night . . . • A person in Japan sees a full moon. • A person in the USA has daylight. • A person in the USA sees a new moon. • A person in Brazil, South America sees a new moon.

    18. Which of the following events happens once every 24 hours . . . • Earth revolves around the sun. • The moon rotates on its axis. • The moon revolves around Earth. • The Earth rotates on its axis.

    19. Spring tides occur when . . . • The sun, moon and Earth line up in a straight line. • When there is equal number of hours of day and night. • When the sun and moon are at right angles to the Earth. • When the sun and moon are the same distance from Earth. • When the moon’s gravity is stronger than the sun’s gravity

    20. A tide with the smallest difference between high tide and low tide is a • Spring tide • Neap tide • Vernal equinox • Solstice tide

    21. Each of the two days of the year when neither hemisphere is tilted toward the sun is known as • Spring, winter • Equinoxes • Solstices • Spring and neap tides

    22. What would the next moon be? New moon, waxing crescent, first quarter, _____________ • Waning crescent • Full moon • Third quarter • Waxing gibbous • Waning gibbous

    23. What type of moon is after a full moon? • Waxing crescent • Waning crescent • Waxing gibbous • Waning gibbous • First quarter • Third quarter • New moon

    24. What type of moon is after a third quarter moon? • First quarter • Waxing crescent • Waning crescent • Waxing gibbous • Waning gibbous • New moon • Full moon

    25. Where in the sky would the sun appear to be to observer A? • Rising on the horizon • Directly overhead • Setting on the horizon • Wouldn’t see the sun

    26. What type of moon would observer C see? • New • Full • First quarter • Third quarter • Crescent • Gibbous