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Earth, Moon & Sun Review

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  1. Chapter 15 Earth, Moon & Sun Review

  2. What is this phase of the moon? • a. Third or Last Quarter Moon • b. Waxing crescent Moon • c. First Quarter Moon • d. Full Moon • e. New Moon

  3. The rotation of the Earth on its axis causes . . . • a. a month • b. a year • c. a day • d. a season • e. the Earth to tilt

  4. The Earth _______ around the Sun in one ________. • a. rotates, year • b. revolves, day • c. travels, month • d. orbits, season • e. revolves, year • f. rotates, day

  5. What day is the longest (greatest time of daylight) in the northern hemisphere? • a. December 21st • b. March 21st • c. September 21st • d. June 21st

  6. What is this phase of the Moon? • a.1st quarter Moon • b. last or 3rd quarter Moon • c. waning crescent • d. waxing gibbous • e. waxing crescent

  7. What is the type of eclipse shown above called? • a. partial solar eclipse • b. total solar eclipse • c. partial lunar eclipse • d. total lunar eclipse

  8. A boat captain needs to launch at high tide.  He just missed having his ship ready to launch when a high tide peaked at 9:00 a.m.  At about what time will the next high tide come? • a. about 8:30 a.m. the next day • b. about 9:30 p.m. • c. Tides are unpredictable. • d. about 9:00 p.m.

  9. What phase must the Moon be in for a solar eclipse to occur? • a. full • b. last quarter • c. first quarter • d. new • e. crescent

  10. What conditions cause a person to observe this type of solar eclipse? • a. The Moon is nearer to Earth than during a total solar eclipse. • b. The Sun is nearer to Earth than during a total solar eclipse. • c. The Moon is farther from Earth than during a total solar eclipse. • d. The Sun is farther from Earth than during a total solar eclipse.

  11. What positions of the Sun, Earth and Moon cause a lunar eclipse? • a. Moon farther from Earth than the Sun • b. Full Moon between Earth and Sun • c. Moon between Earth and Sun • d. Earth between Sun and Moon 

  12. Why do more people on Earth see a lunar eclipse than a solar eclipse? • a. The Earth’s rotation is faster than the Moon’s orbital speed around the Earth. • b. The Moon’s orbital plane is more tilted than the Earth’s axial tilt. • c. The Moon orbits the Earth faster than Earth orbits the Sun. • d. The Earth’s shadow is larger than the Moon’s shadow.

  13. What causes the seasons? • a. The tilt of the Earth’s axis is toward the Sun during the summer allowing the Sun’s rays to more directly hit the Earth. • b. The rotation of the Earth slows during the summer allowing days to be longer than nights. • c. The Sun releases more energy during summer than in winter. • d. The Earth is closer to the Sun in summer than in winter because of the Earth’s elliptical  orbit.

  14. When will the highest tides be experienced? • a. when the Earth and Moon are in a line • b. when the Earth, Moon and Sun are all in a line • c. when the Earth and Moon are in a line and the Sun is perpendicular to them • d. when the Moon and Sun are in a line and the Earth is perpendicular to them

  15. The part of a shadow that is only partly illuminated; partial shadow. A. Umbra B. Penumbra C. Apogee D. Perigee E. Spring tide F. Neap tide

  16. When the Southern hemisphere, is tilted toward the sun, it is . . . • Winter in the southern hemisphere. • Summer in the eastern hemisphere. • Spring in the northern hemisphere. • Fall in the western hemisphere. • Winter in the northern hemisphere. • Summer in the northern hemisphere.

  17. At the same time that a person in Australia is seeing a new moon at night . . . • A person in Japan sees a full moon. • A person in the USA has daylight. • A person in the USA sees a new moon. • A person in Brazil, South America sees a new moon.

  18. Which of the following events happens once every 24 hours . . . • Earth revolves around the sun. • The moon rotates on its axis. • The moon revolves around Earth. • The Earth rotates on its axis.

  19. Spring tides occur when . . . • The sun, moon and Earth line up in a straight line. • When there is equal number of hours of day and night. • When the sun and moon are at right angles to the Earth. • When the sun and moon are the same distance from Earth. • When the moon’s gravity is stronger than the sun’s gravity

  20. A tide with the smallest difference between high tide and low tide is a • Spring tide • Neap tide • Vernal equinox • Solstice tide

  21. Each of the two days of the year when neither hemisphere is tilted toward the sun is known as • Spring, winter • Equinoxes • Solstices • Spring and neap tides

  22. What would the next moon be? New moon, waxing crescent, first quarter, _____________ • Waning crescent • Full moon • Third quarter • Waxing gibbous • Waning gibbous

  23. What type of moon is after a full moon? • Waxing crescent • Waning crescent • Waxing gibbous • Waning gibbous • First quarter • Third quarter • New moon

  24. What type of moon is after a third quarter moon? • First quarter • Waxing crescent • Waning crescent • Waxing gibbous • Waning gibbous • New moon • Full moon

  25. Where in the sky would the sun appear to be to observer A? • Rising on the horizon • Directly overhead • Setting on the horizon • Wouldn’t see the sun

  26. What type of moon would observer C see? • New • Full • First quarter • Third quarter • Crescent • Gibbous