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SLR Camera (Single Lens Reflex)

SLR Camera (Single Lens Reflex)

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SLR Camera (Single Lens Reflex)

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Presentation Transcript

  1. SLR Camera(Single Lens Reflex)

  2. To get you familiar with using an SLR you should first know how the component parts of the camera work. Click on the interactive camera link to discover more before playing the quiz and becoming a millionaire photographer! Camera Quiz

  3. Pentaprism (viewfinder) Flash hotshoe Film rewind knob Shutter speed dial Frame counter Aperture ring Shutter release Depth of field scale Focusing ring Camera strap lug Front lens element

  4. Film advance lever Film pressure plate Viewfinder Shutter release blinds Film cassette chamber Hinged back Film take-up spool Battery chamber Sprocket wheel Sprocket release button Tripod mount

  5. Click on the camera to discover more

  6. Click on the dial to see examples of fast and slow shutter speeds One of the main features of an SLR camera (single lens reflex) which isn’t found on many point and shoot cameras is the ability to chose how fast the shutter opens and closes (shutter speed). The speed is measure incrementally in seconds. This camera allows you to go from the B setting (bulb) which is a long as you can keep your finger on the shutter release all the way up to a 1000th of a second.

  7. The particular camera we are using here is called a 35 mm SLR camera. This is because of the film used, which goes by the same name – 35mm (35mm representing the width of the film) There are different types of film available, such as black and white and colour. Within both of these are also different speeds of films. Film speed refers to how fast an image can be captured, the faster the film the briefer the exposure has to be. However, very fast film can make images become grainy which has an effect on the overall quality of photographs. The speed of a film is expressed in numbers on a rating devised by the International Standards Agency which ranges from approx ISO 50 – ISO 3200. A good all round film which provides average exposure times and a good quality image is ISO 400.

  8. Lenses? Lenses? Aperture?

  9. Aperture refers to how much light is allowed into the camera and is operated on the lens. It is measure on a F scale and can range from F/1.7 to F/22. The more light let in, the lower the F number and vice versa Continue

  10. Using a faster shutter speed can enable you to freeze the frame and capture images that the human eye cannot see. Fast shutter speeds are often used in sports photography where the environment is very action packed.

  11. Slow or longer shutter speeds allow more light into the camera. As a result of this any moving object becomes a blur. A tripod is often required to keep the camera still as the slightest of movements would equate to the whole image becoming a blur. Artists often use longer shutter speeds to give their work more meaning

  12. Using a low aperture creates a soft blurred background and a shallow depth of field, often used in portrait photography. A high aperture renders everything in focus creating a very deep depth of field which is an approach adopted by many landscape photographers.

  13. Another feature of the SLR camera is the capability to change the lens. There are many different types of lens, each radically changing how your images look. The main types of lens are : the wide-angle, macro,  normal  focal length, telephoto, and zoom lenses. They are usually named after their particular focal length e.g. 10mm (wide-angle), 50mm (normal focal length) or 135mm (telephoto). Zoom lenses combine different focal lengths and is named by its longest to shortest focal lengths e.g. 18 – 55mm. Continue

  14. Who Wants to be a Millionaire?

  15. 50:50 15 £1 Million 14 £500000 13 £250000 Say Cheese 12 £125000 11 £64000 10 £32000 9 £16000 8 £8000 7 £4000 6 £2000 5 £1000 4 £500 3 £300 2 £200 1 £100

  16. 15 £1 Million 14 £500000 13 £250000 12 £125000 11 £64000 10 £32000 9 £16000 8 £8000 7 £4000 6 £2000 5 £1000 4 £500 3 £300 £200 2 1 £100

  17. 15 £1 Million 14 £500000 13 £250000 12 £125000 What type of camera have we been using? 11 £64000 10 £32000 9 £16000 8 £8000 7 £4000 6 £2000 5 £1000 4 £500 3 £300 2 £200 1 £100 B: SLR A: ASS C: TMP D: TLR

  18. Wrong! Sorry – you have won nothing. Better luck next time. Start again

  19. 15 £1 Million 14 £500000 13 £250000 12 £125000 11 £64000 10 £32000 9 £16000 8 £8000 7 £4000 6 £2000 5 £1000 4 £500 3 £300 2 £200 1 £100

  20. 15 £1 Million 14 £500000 13 £250000 12 £125000 What is film speed measured on ? 11 £64000 10 £32000 9 £16000 8 £8000 7 £4000 6 £2000 5 £1000 4 £500 3 £300 2 £200 1 £100 A: PDF scale B: JPEG scale C: ISO scale D: Crumpets

  21. 15 £1 Million 14 £500000 13 £250000 12 £125000 11 £64000 10 £32000 9 £16000 8 £8000 7 £4000 6 £2000 5 £1000 4 £500 3 £300 2 £200 1 £100

  22. 15 £1 Million 14 £500000 13 £250000 What do you have look through to see what you are pointing the camera at? 12 £125000 11 £64000 10 £32000 9 £16000 8 £8000 7 £4000 6 £2000 5 £1000 4 £500 3 £300 2 £200 1 £100 A: Film pressure plate B: Battery Chamber C: Viewfinder D: Frame counter

  23. 15 £1 Million 14 £500000 13 £250000 12 £125000 11 £64000 10 £32000 9 £16000 8 £8000 7 £4000 6 £2000 5 £1000 4 £500 3 £300 2 £200 1 £100

  24. 15 £1 Million 14 £500000 13 £250000 12 £125000 11 £64000 What does SLR stand for 10 £32000 9 £16000 8 £8000 7 £4000 6 £2000 5 £1000 4 £500 3 £300 2 £200 1 £100 A: Standard Lens Rumour B: Students Like Rum C: Single Less reaction D: Single Lens Reflex

  25. 15 £1 Million 14 £500000 13 £250000 12 £125000 11 £64000 10 £32000 9 £16000 8 £8000 7 £4000 6 £2000 5 £1000 4 £500 3 £300 2 £200 1 £100

  26. 15 £1 Million 14 £500000 13 £250000 12 £125000 What indicates the number of photographs taken? 11 £64000 10 £32000 9 £16000 8 £8000 7 £4000 6 £2000 5 £1000 4 £500 3 £300 2 £200 1 £100 A: Hotshoe B: Frame Counter C: Battery Chamber D: Film pressure plate

  27. 15 £1 Million 14 £500000 13 £250000 12 £125000 11 £64000 10 £32000 9 £16000 8 £8000 7 £4000 6 £2000 5 £1000 4 £500 3 £300 2 £200 1 £100

  28. 15 £1 Million 14 £500000 What do you have to press in order to take a photograph? 13 £250000 12 £125000 11 £64000 10 £32000 9 £16000 8 £8000 7 £4000 6 £2000 5 £1000 4 £500 3 £300 2 £200 1 £100 A: Camera strap lug B: Aperture ring C: Film advance lever D: Shutter release

  29. Wrong! Congratulations – you have won £1000. Start again

  30. 15 £1 Million 14 £500000 13 £250000 12 £125000 11 £64000 10 £32000 9 £16000 8 £8000 7 £4000 6 £2000 5 £1000 4 £500 3 £300 2 £200 1 £100

  31. 15 £1 Million 14 £500000 Where on the camera is the shutter speed dial located? 13 £250000 12 £125000 11 £64000 10 £32000 9 £16000 8 £8000 7 £4000 6 £2000 5 £1000 4 £500 3 £300 2 £200 1 £100 A: Next to lens B: Bottom of camera C:Next to film rewind knob D: Next to film advance lever

  32. 15 £1 Million 14 £500000 13 £250000 12 £125000 11 £64000 10 £32000 9 £16000 8 £8000 7 £4000 6 £2000 5 £1000 4 £500 3 £300 2 £200 1 £100

  33. 15 £1 Million 14 £500000 13 £250000 What is Shutter Speed measured in? 12 £125000 11 £64000 10 £32000 9 £16000 8 £8000 7 £4000 6 £2000 5 £1000 4 £500 3 £300 2 £200 1 £100 A: Light years B: Seconds C: Metres D: Crumpets

  34. 15 £1 Million 14 £500000 13 £250000 12 £125000 11 £64000 10 £32000 9 £16000 8 £8000 7 £4000 6 £2000 5 £1000 4 £500 3 £300 2 £200 1 £100

  35. 15 £1 Million 14 £500000 13 £250000 12 £125000 What is the size of the film used? 11 £64000 10 £32000 9 £16000 8 £8000 7 £4000 6 £2000 5 £1000 4 £500 3 £300 2 £200 1 £100 A: 35 mm B: 35cm C: 15mm D: 35 m

  36. 15 £1 Million 14 £500000 13 £250000 12 £125000 11 £64000 10 £32000 9 £16000 8 £8000 7 £4000 6 £2000 5 £1000 4 £500 3 £300 2 £200 1 £100

  37. 15 £1 Million 14 £500000 13 £250000 12 £125000 What does a fast shutter allow you to do? 11 £64000 10 £32000 9 £16000 8 £8000 7 £4000 6 £2000 5 £1000 4 £500 3 £300 2 £200 1 £100 A: Claim more ema B: Freeze the frame C: Take multiple exposures D: Speed up time

  38. 15 £1 Million 14 £500000 13 £250000 12 £125000 11 £64000 10 £32000 9 £16000 8 £8000 7 £4000 6 £2000 5 £1000 4 £500 3 £300 2 £200 1 £100

  39. 15 £1 Million 14 £500000 13 £250000 A slow shutter speed causes what? 12 £125000 11 £64000 10 £32000 9 £16000 8 £8000 7 £4000 6 £2000 5 £1000 4 £500 3 £300 2 £200 1 £100 A: Objects to appear frozen B: Blur C: Global warming D: Oasis

  40. Wrong! Congratulations – you have won £32000. Start again

  41. 15 £1 Million 14 £500000 13 £250000 12 £125000 11 £64000 10 £32000 9 £16000 8 £8000 7 £4000 6 £2000 5 £1000 4 £500 3 £300 2 £200 1 £100

  42. 15 £1 Million 14 £500000 13 £250000 12 £125000 Select the lowest Aperture from the following 11 £64000 10 £32000 9 £16000 8 £8000 7 £4000 6 £2000 5 £1000 4 £500 3 £300 2 £200 1 £100 A: F10 B: F16 C: F2.8 D: F5

  43. Wrong! Congratulations – you have won £250000. Start again

  44. 15 £1 Million 14 £500000 13 £250000 12 £125000 11 £64000 10 £32000 9 £16000 8 £8000 7 £4000 6 £2000 5 £1000 4 £500 3 £300 2 £200 1 £100

  45. 15 £1 Million Which of the following professional environments, that uses a lot of fast shutter speeds, were mentioned in the earlier presentation? 14 £500000 13 £250000 12 £125000 11 £64000 10 £32000 9 £16000 8 £8000 7 £4000 6 £2000 5 £1000 4 £500 3 £300 2 £200 1 £100 A: Sports Photography B: Music Photography C: Wedding Photography D: Artistic Photography

  46. 15 £1 Million 14 £500000 13 £250000 12 £125000 11 £64000 10 £32000 9 £16000 8 £8000 7 £4000 6 £2000 5 £1000 4 £500 3 £300 2 £200 1 £100

  47. 15 £1 Million 14 £500000 What does the B setting stand for on the shutter speed dial? 13 £250000 12 £125000 11 £64000 10 £32000 9 £16000 8 £8000 7 £4000 6 £2000 5 £1000 4 £500 3 £300 2 £200 1 £100 A: Battery B: Bacon D: Bulb C: Breeze

  48. 15 £1 Million 14 £500000 13 £250000 12 £125000 11 £64000 10 £32000 9 £16000 8 £8000 7 £4000 6 £2000 5 £1000 4 £500 3 £300 2 £200 1 £100