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Emergency Relief in Haiti PowerPoint Presentation
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Emergency Relief in Haiti

Emergency Relief in Haiti

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Emergency Relief in Haiti

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  1. Emergency Relief in Haiti G E O R G E W A R R E N B R O W N S C H O O L O F S O C I A L W O R K Development Practice in International Settings

  2. Contents 2 Context Colleen 1 Introduction 4 Evaluation Colleen Linda 3 Reports Tae-yoon & Colleen 5 Alternative Linda

  3. 1 Introduction Colleen

  4. 1 Introduction Colleen Natural disasters Complex emergencies

  5. 1 Introduction Colleen Natural disasters

  6. 1 Introduction Colleen Natural disasters • Global warming • Deforestation • Soil erosion • Unsustainable development

  7. 1 Introduction Colleen Complex emergencies 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 2007 1996 1999 1997 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 1998 ( Uppsala Universitet)

  8. 1 Introduction Colleen Complex emergencies • Poverty • Population pressure • Conflicts • Development traps

  9. Context 2 Colleen

  10. Context Haiti 2 Colleen Conventional form: Republic of Haiti Official Languages: Creole, French Government type: Republic Religions: Population: Ethnic Groups: Age Structure: Other 3% None 1% Roman Catholic 80% Protestant 16% 9.5 million Mulatto & White 5% Black 95% 0-14 38.1% 15-64 58.5%

  11. Context Economy 2 Colleen 47.7% Poverty Poorest country in the Americas 80% live below the poverty line. 54% live in abject poverty. Poverty line 80% Household income distribution lowest 10% is 0.7% highest 10% is 47.7% Abject poverty 54% 0.7%

  12. Context Economy 2 Colleen Labor force agriculture: 66% (coffee, mangoes, sugarcane, rice, corn, sorghum) industry: 9% (sugar refining, flour milling, textiles, cement, light assembly based on imported parts) services: 25%

  13. Context Transportation 2 Colleen • Airports • total: 14 (4 paved runways) • Roadways • total: 4,160 km (paved: 1,011 km, unpaved: 3,149 km) • Colleen, do you have any maps about this?

  14. Context Political climate 2 Colleen Taken over by Spanish settlement Coup Haitian Revolution Joined the Caribbean Community (Caricom) Gained independence National presidential election U.S. Marine occupation Ceded to the French 1492 1697 1791 1804 1915-1934 1991 2002 2006

  15. InternationalRelation Context 2 Colleen • France • Cultural ties • Limited contracts between Haiti and other dependencies • Dominican Republic • History of mutual suspicion • “Push and Pull” factors of migration • Free trade zone established in 2003 • United States • Powerful economic and political influence • Primary trading partner for imports and exports • Multiple attempts to curtail migration of economic refugees

  16. Context History of Disaster 2 Colleen Earthquake 8.1 with tsunami FayGustav Hanna Ike George Emily Flora Hazel Jeanne Earthquake 7.0 Gordon 1946 1954 1963 1980 1994 1998 2004 2008 2010