The Battle of Chateau Thierry“The Defense of the Marne River Line”May 31 - July 10, 1918 Where: The Aisne-Marne Sector, within the town of Chateau-Thierry on the River Marne 35 miles northeast of Paris and to the town's east. Under command of the XVIII Corps of the Sixth French Army - Third Division of the AEF under the command of Major Gen. Joseph Dickman. From German Army Group Crown Prince - Numerous divisions from the Seventh Army Commanded by General Max von Bohem. Memorable As: The halting of the greatest threat to Paris since 1914.
The Battle of Chateau Thierry“The Defense of the Marne River Line”May 31 - July 10, 1918 This battle was fought along the bridges of the Marne River, approximately thirty seven miles from Paris, France. After Germans were making advances toward Paris a combination of French & American forces were able to halt the German Advance. The French were able to blow up bridges where Germans were positioned, were able to halt German Advance. Machine gun fire by Allied Forces was able to propel the Allies to command most of the streets in the city on the north bank. With a combination of French and American Forces they were able to halt a German Offensive and consequently in were able to a defense position to the enemy along the south bank of the Marne east of Chateau-Thierry. Memorable As: The halting of the greatest threat to Paris since 1914.
The Battle of Belleau WoodJune 1 - 26, 1918 Where: The Aisne-Marne Sector, 5 miles immediately northwest of the town of Chateau-Thierry on the River Marne. AEF Units Participating: Under command of the XXI Corps of the Sixth French Army - Second Division: 4th [Marine] Brigade, 2nd Engineers; Third Division: Elements of 7th Infantry Regiment Opposing Forces: From German Army Group Crown Prince - In Belleau Wood - the 461st Regiment of the German 237th Division; At Bouresches - elements of the 10th Division; Later reinforcements included elements of the 197th, 87th and 28th German Divisions. Memorable As: The first battle where the AEF experienced the heavy casualties associated with the Great War; the embodiment of U.S. Marine Corps determination and dedication; and a signal to both allies and adversaries that America was on the Western Front to fight.
The Battle of Belleau WoodJune 1 - 26, 1918 Densely wooded area, forest. At the beginning of this battle it was a stalemate, no advances being made. Series of counterattacks by enemies proved to be unsuccessful. Condition of Belleau Wood made finding the enemy difficult and became easy to be exposed to enemy fire. Thousands of casualties due to German use of machine gun fire and Mustard Gas. Allied use of machine gun fire proved successful. One of the bloodiest and most ferocious battles U.S. forces would fight in the war. The Allied forces were able to hold German Advance and clear out woods, but in clearing out woods, Allied Forces sustained heavy causalities. U.S. forces suffered 9,777 casualties, included 1,811 killed. After beating off some early morning counterattacks, Major Maurice Shearer sends signal, "Woods now entirely -- US Marine Corps."
Battle of the Argonne ForestSeptember 26 – November 11, 1918 Who: Allied Powers – France Associated Powers - USA Central Powers – German Empire The objective was the capture of the railroad/train station hub at Sedan which would break the rail net supporting the German Army in France and Flanders (Northern France). General John Pershing led the AEF at the Battle of the Argonne Forest while General Henri Gouraud led the French Fourth Army. Combined attack was a success, with the French Fourth Army and American Forces were able to make reasonable advances.
Clearing of Argonne Forest Combination of French and American Forces were able to make advances into German lines. Resulted in high amounts of casualties on both sides. Allies side-125,000 total Axis Side-90-120,000 total Allied Victory came at great costs. Importance of Allied Victory at Argonne: British food blockade and the American blow in the Argonne decided the war for the allies." and that "... without the American troops and despite a food blockade... the war could have ended in a sort of stalemate."
Questions Why was the Battle of Chateau-Thierry and the Battle of Belleau Wood important? What was the high sacrifice Allied Forces had to pay for making advances? How did the United States role in the Western Front change the outlook in WW1? How was the morale of many German soldiers going into the Battle of Argonne? How was the stalemate broken? And what occurred shortly after?