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Cold War PowerPoint Presentation

Cold War

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Cold War

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  1. Cold War The Thaw

  2. Environmental Protection Agency

  3. Created to protect the environment; sets air and water pollution standards for cities, and engages in monitoring and enforcement

  4. Endangered Species Act

  5. Requires the Fish and Wildlife Service to list species of plants and animals that threatened with extinction, and then take further steps to protect them

  6. Détente

  7. A relaxing of tensions; Nixon pursued this policy to relations with the Soviet Union

  8. Phyllis Schlafly

  9. An outspoken critic of the Women’s Liberation Act; she campaigned against the Equal Rights Amendment, which she believed would reduce the rights of wives and harm family life

  10. Contract with America

  11. Essentially a promise by Republican candidates to the American people, stating what they would do if elected; proposed by Newt Gingrich, Republican Speaker of the House in 1994

  12. Heritage Foundation

  13. A “think-tank” based in Washington , D.C.; sought to promote conservative policies based on the principles of free enterprise, limited government, individual freedom, values, and a strong national defense

  14. Moral Majority

  15. A lobbying group founded by Reverend Jerry Falwell to give evangelical Christians a stronger political voice

  16. National Rifle Association

  17. Was begun to promote rifle shooting and marksmanship skills; endorsed Ronald Reagan in the 1980 election, marking the first time in its history the group supported a Presidential candidate

  18. Camp David Accords

  19. President Carter arranged an agreement between the Prime Minister Begin (Israel) and President Sadat (Egypt); Israel agreed to return the Sinai Peninsula to Egypt, which Israel had taken in the Six-Day War in 1967, while Egypt offered a peace treaty.

  20. Marines In Lebanon

  21. During the Lebanese Civil War 800 U.S. Marines lands in Beirut to oversee the Palestinian withdrawal from Lebanon. It was the beginning of a problem-plagued mission that would stretch into 17 months and leave 241 Marines dead.

  22. Iran Hostage Crisis

  23. Resenting America for helping the Shah of Iran and backing Israel, Iranian students seized the staff at the US Embassy (1979)in Tehran, Iran and held them hostage for more than a year (444 days)

  24. Iran-Contra Affair

  25. Officials in the Reagan Administration acted against the policy of refusing to negotiate with terrorists by secretly selling arms to Iran as part of a deal in exchange for the release of American hostages in Lebanon.

  26. Reaganomics

  27. Also called “supply-side economics”; An effort to make it easier to produce more goods by reducing taxes and business regulations

  28. Peace Through Strength

  29. Reagan increased defense spending while attempting to improve relationships with the Soviet Union

  30. Star Wars

  31. An anti-ballistic defense system, the Strategic Defense Initiative, using lasers to shoot down missiles in order to prevent a nuclear attack