Cold War The Thaw
Created to protect the environment; sets air and water pollution standards for cities, and engages in monitoring and enforcement
Requires the Fish and Wildlife Service to list species of plants and animals that threatened with extinction, and then take further steps to protect them
A relaxing of tensions; Nixon pursued this policy to relations with the Soviet Union
An outspoken critic of the Women’s Liberation Act; she campaigned against the Equal Rights Amendment, which she believed would reduce the rights of wives and harm family life
Essentially a promise by Republican candidates to the American people, stating what they would do if elected; proposed by Newt Gingrich, Republican Speaker of the House in 1994
A “think-tank” based in Washington , D.C.; sought to promote conservative policies based on the principles of free enterprise, limited government, individual freedom, values, and a strong national defense
A lobbying group founded by Reverend Jerry Falwell to give evangelical Christians a stronger political voice
Was begun to promote rifle shooting and marksmanship skills; endorsed Ronald Reagan in the 1980 election, marking the first time in its history the group supported a Presidential candidate
President Carter arranged an agreement between the Prime Minister Begin (Israel) and President Sadat (Egypt); Israel agreed to return the Sinai Peninsula to Egypt, which Israel had taken in the Six-Day War in 1967, while Egypt offered a peace treaty.
During the Lebanese Civil War 800 U.S. Marines lands in Beirut to oversee the Palestinian withdrawal from Lebanon. It was the beginning of a problem-plagued mission that would stretch into 17 months and leave 241 Marines dead.
Resenting America for helping the Shah of Iran and backing Israel, Iranian students seized the staff at the US Embassy (1979)in Tehran, Iran and held them hostage for more than a year (444 days)
Officials in the Reagan Administration acted against the policy of refusing to negotiate with terrorists by secretly selling arms to Iran as part of a deal in exchange for the release of American hostages in Lebanon.
Also called “supply-side economics”; An effort to make it easier to produce more goods by reducing taxes and business regulations
Reagan increased defense spending while attempting to improve relationships with the Soviet Union
An anti-ballistic defense system, the Strategic Defense Initiative, using lasers to shoot down missiles in order to prevent a nuclear attack