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Common Injuries in the Training Room

Common Injuries in the Training Room

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Common Injuries in the Training Room

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  1. Common Injuries in the Training Room Sports Medicine

  2. Top Ten List • The top 10 most common injuries in the PLHS Athletic Training Room: 1. Muscle strain/spasm2. Finger/toe joint sprain3. Lateral ankle sprain4. Medial tibial stress syndrome ("shin splints")5. Rotator cuff tendonitis/fatigue6. Concussion7. Patellar maltracking (patellofemoral syndrome)8. Bone fracture9. Patellar tendonitis/Osgood-Schlatters10. IT band friction syndrome

  3. Some Very Bad Sports Injuries • https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=a1sJhdNP3_k

  4. Muscular Injuries • Contusion • Bruise • Caused by direct blow or force to the body • Blood pools under skin to the injury site • Cramp • Involuntary contraction of muscle • Caused by dehydration, vigorous activity, lack of stretching, etc.

  5. Contusion

  6. Cramp

  7. Muscular Injuries • Strain/Pull/Tear • Over stretching/separation of muscle fibers • Caused by over exercising/poor warm up/lack of stretching • Recovery time depends on severity of strain • Avulsion/Rupture • Complete tearing/ripping of muscle • Recovery time is very long

  8. Muscle Strain/Pull/Tear

  9. Muscle Avulsion

  10. Soft Tissue Injuries • Incision • A “cut” • Ex: broken glass, knife, sharp edge • Laceration • Skin torn off • Abrasion • Skin is rubbed or scraped off • Ex: road rash, rug burn, skinned knees, etc.

  11. Soft Tissue Injuries Incision Laceration

  12. Soft Tissue Injury • Abrasion

  13. Soft Tissue Injuries • Puncture wound • Deep injury from object with small surface area • Ex: stepping on a nail • Avulsion • Tearing away of tissue from the body • Ex: Losing the top of your finger or toe • Blister • Small pocket of fluid within upper layers of skin • Caused by forcible rubbing/irritation

  14. Soft Tissue Injury Puncture Wound Avulsion

  15. Soft Tissue Injury • Blister

  16. Joint Injuries • Dislocation • Abnormal separation of 2 bones that meet in a joint area • Caused by direct trauma (impact or a fall) • Ex: hips, shoulder, ankle, toes, fingers, etc. • Sprain • Fibers of ligament tear (located at joint) • Ligament tears can vary in severity • Most Common = ankle and wrist • Turf Toe • Sprain of big toe ligaments (at the joint) • Caused by jamming big toe or forcefully pushing off of the ball of the foot

  17. Joint Injuries • Shoulder Dislocation

  18. Joint Injuries Sprain Turf Toe

  19. Skeletal Injuries • Closed/simple fracture • A bone fracture that does not break through the skin • Incomplete fracture • Bone breaks, but not completely into 2 pieces • Complete fracture • Fracture goes completely through the bone • (Divides one bone into 2 pieces) • **Simple fractures can be complete or incomplete fractures

  20. Skeletal Injuries • Complete Fracture

  21. Skeletal Injuries • Compound/open fracture • A fracture where the bone breaks through the skin • Stress fracture • Caused from too much constant weight or pressure being placed on the bone • Avulsion fracture • A small piece of bone is completely broken off • Usually happens at site of ligament or tendon attachment • Shin Splints • Too much stress placed on tibia (shin bone) • Tiny fractures combined with irritated, swollen muscles

  22. Skeletal Injuries Compound Fracture Stress Fracture

  23. Skeletal Injuries Avulsion Fracture Shin Splints

  24. Head Injuries • Concussion • Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI) • Caused by direct hit, fall, or even whiplash-like motion • Concussions can be mild with minimal symptoms OR they can be severe with PERMANENT symptoms

  25. Head Injuries • Concussion 101 • https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=zCCD52Pty4A • Heads Up Football • https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=hMFGk926Cj0 • E60 Unprotected: Need for Helmets in Girls Lacrosse • https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=cJ4tlOIo4A8

  26. Video Clips • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=9QTCBrefXso • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=kp9TQA9gGt8

  27. Tendon Injuries *REMEMBER: Tendons connect muscle to bone!! • Tendonitis • Tendonosis • Tendon Strain/Pull • Tendon Rupture

  28. Knee-Specific Injuries • Meniscus • Ligament • PatellofemoralPain Syndrome

  29. Misc. Injuries • Bursitis • Heat Exposure/Illness • Compartment Syndrome • Impingement syndrome • Back Pain • Herniated Disc • IT Band Syndrome • Sciatica