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The Cold War

The Cold War

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The Cold War

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Presentation Transcript

  1. The Cold War A Bi-Polar and Dangerous World 1945-1991

  2. Origins • Historical Antagonisms • Ideological Differences • Fractures in the Great Alliance • Problem of Perception—events “confirmed” the worst

  3. End of World War II • Yalta Conference • Death of FDR • Potsdam Conference • Division of Germany • Elections • Need for security—understandable paranoia

  4. Division of Germany

  5. Evolving Strategies • Collective Security—Eastern Europe—Warsaw Pact • Western Europe—NATO • George Kennan—Containment • Truman Doctrine • Berlin Airlift • Arms Race: “Super” and Missiles

  6. Divided Europe along an Iron Curtain

  7. Cold War Become Global • Mao and China • Korean War • Vietnam • 3rd World • Cuban Revolution

  8. Cold War Images

  9. “Temporarily divided at the 17th parallel, Vietnam became a quagmire—the Iraq of U. S. policy in the 1960s

  10. KOREAN WAR

  11. Fidel Alejandro Castro Ruz (1926- ) Cuban Revolution spurred fear of Communism in Western Hemisphere

  12. Key Episodes (1950-1981) Berlin Blockade Hungarian Uprising U-2 Spy Plane Espionage—Joe McCarthy Cuban Missile Crisis “Détente” Re-escalation in late 1970 El Salvador and Nicaraugua

  13. Sputnik—1957 Apollo 11—1969 Taking the Cold War to space

  14. Ideology and mortality Star Wars Nationalities and economic problems in Soviet Union Glasnost Perestroika Arms Reduction Treaties Collapse of Berlin Wall

  15. Collapse of Berlin Wall, 1989. Boris Yeltsin during 1991 Coup