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Chapter 3 PowerPoint Presentation

Chapter 3

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Chapter 3

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  1. Chapter 3 Communication and Personal Identity

  2. What is the Self? • The self arises in communication with others • The self is a process that involves internalizing and acting from social perspectives that we learn in the process of communication.

  3. Direct Definition • Communication that explicitly labels us and our behaviors • For example, a parent might say • “You’re my little girl.” • “You’re so responsible.” • “You’re a troublemaker.” • “You’re impossible.”

  4. Identity Scripts • Rules for how we are supposed to live and who we are supposed to be • Rules from your family may have included: • “We are responsible people.” • “Save your money for a rainy day.” • “Moderation in all things.”

  5. Styles of Attachment

  6. Social Comparison • Comparing ourselves with others to form judgments of our own talents, attractiveness, abilities, leadership skills, and so forth

  7. The Self-fulfilling Prophecy • We act in ways that bring about expectations or judgments of ourselves

  8. The Self is Multidimensional • Physical self • Cognitive self • Emotional self • Social self • Moral self

  9. The Self is a Process • Develops over time • ego boundaries

  10. Particular Others • Viewpoints of specific people who are significant to us • mothers • fathers • siblings • aunts / uncles

  11. Reflected Appraisal • We see ourselves in terms of the appraisals reflected in others’ eyes • the “looking-glass self”

  12. The Generalized Other • The collection of rules, roles, and attitudes endorsed by the whole social community in which we live

  13. The Generalized Other (cont’d) • Four dimensions of personal identity emphasized by modern Western culture • gender • race • sexual orientation • economic class

  14. Social Perspectives • Constructed • Variable • Changeable

  15. Enhancing the Self • Commit to improving yourself • Gain knowledge • Set realistic goals • Accept that you are in process • Create a supportive context for change • self-sabotage

  16. Uppers, Downers, and Vultures • Uppers • People who communicate positively about us • Downers • People who communicate negatively about us • Vultures • An extreme form of downers – they also attack our self-concepts Source: Simon, S. B. (1977). Vultures: A modern allegory on the part of putting oneself down. Niles, IL: Argus Communications

  17. Websites • Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale (SES) • The Peale Center for Positive Thinking • George Herbert Mead Biography • The Pygmalion Effect • Attachment Theory • personalityresearch.org

  18. Video Parental Teachings PLAY VIDEO