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Laws in brief

Laws in brief

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Laws in brief

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  1. Laws in brief

  2. Introduction • The information I will be sharing with you came from the text book: • Including Students with Special Needs: A practical guide for classroom teachers, 4th edition, • By Marilyn Friend and William D. Bursuck

  3. Brown v. Board of Education • In 1954, the courts found that it is unlawful to discriminate against any group of people • The court introduced the concept of integration into public education

  4. Vocational Rehabilitation Act of 1973 • Specifically Section 504 • This prevents discrimination against individuals with disabilities • Whether they are children in schools or adults in the work place

  5. Section 504 • The following are some of the areas in which a 504 can be given: • Asthma • Extreme Allergies • Physical disabilities • ADD/ADHD

  6. Americans with Disabilities Act (1990) • It protects all individuals with disabilities from discrimination • It requires employers to make reasonable accommodations • Such as: • Ramps • Elevators • Automatic doors

  7. Education for the Handicapped Act (EHA) • In other words PL 94-142 of 1975 • This law made a lot of changes in the area of Special Education • Mandated the concept of least restrictive environment (LRE) • Specifically described categories of disabilities

  8. PL94-142 cont. • Clarifies related services • set out procedures for identifying a student • Out lined the rights of parents who disapprove of the educational services offered

  9. PL94-142 • This has been re-authorized many times

  10. In 1990 • The name of the law was changed to Individuals with disabilities Education Act (IDEA) • To reflect the “person first” language, not the disability • The term :Handicapped was removed and was replaced with Disability • It added Birth to 5

  11. In 1997 • The laws was changed so that a regular education teacher must be on the IEP team

  12. December 2004 • The most recent re-authorization of IDEA is PL 108-446 • Made more refinements in Special Education • Clarified the requirements for being licensed as a special education teacher

  13. PL 108-446 cont. • Stream lined some procedures and paper work • Specified that all students must participate in all assessments done by the local school district

  14. NO Child Left Behind Act of 2001 • Is intended to raise academic standards and improve student achievement • Basically, every student will be proficient in math and reading by 2014 • In other words, they want every child at grade level by 2014

  15. NO Child Left Behind Act of 2001(cont.) • English as a second language students • have 3 years of school before they have to take the tests • In my district, they take the IMAGE during that time

  16. English as a second language students • It can take 3-5 years for a student to gain social language • It can take 5-7 year for this same student to gain school language