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Presented by: Xxx Xxxxxx November 2012 PowerPoint Presentation
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Presented by: Xxx Xxxxxx November 2012

Presented by: Xxx Xxxxxx November 2012

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Presented by: Xxx Xxxxxx November 2012

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  1. Presented by: Xxx Xxxxxx November 2012

  2. Objectives • Describe the safety and health management program to include elements, job roles, and steps to set up a program. • Discuss elements of a safety and health management program • Explain benefits of a management/ employee team approach • Conduct a job/task hazard analysis • Present analysis to class

  3. Fatality and Injury • Occupational injury and illness rates have declined by 67% while U.S. employment has almost doubled • Worker injuries and illnesses are down from 10.9 incidents per 100 workers in 1972 to fewer than 4 per 100 in 2010. • Workplace fatalities reduced by more than 65 % since 1970 • 38 deaths/day in 1970 to 13/day in 2010 • 13,870 deaths vs. 4,960 deaths

  4. Safety and Health Management

  5. Accidents and Near Misses • Accidents • Fatal Facts • FACE Reports • Weekly Fatality Reports • Company Records • Personal experience • Near Misses • Personal experience

  6. Causes/Case Studies • Use one relevant cast study from OSHA’s Fatal Facts

  7. Safety Pays

  8. Safety Pays

  9. Safety Pays • Cost to Company – bottom line • https://www.osha.gov/dcsp/smallbusiness/safetypays/estimator.html

  10. Safety Pays Data

  11. Safety Pays Basic Estimator This is the basic look of the estimator.

  12. Safety Pays User Friendly Drop down menu for illness/injury type Sample illness/injury type: Amputation Black lung Fracture Inflammation Strain *many more Profit margin % # of incidents

  13. Safety Pays Utilization This it the % of profit 2 1 3 1. Once the illness/injury type is selected from the drop-down menu, the actual cost is entered or 2. the profit % , 3. followed by the number of incidents for a given period of time-press Add/Calculate.

  14. Safety and Health Management Program

  15. What is a S & H Management Program? 15 The S&H Management Program is the employer’s method for preventing injuries and illnesses to employees

  16. What Makes Up Such a Program? 16 • Identify the hazards • Control or prevent the hazards • Identify potential hazards • Teach employees to do all of the above

  17. Safety & Health Program Elements 17

  18. Management Commitment and Employee Involvement • Develop and communicate a safety and health policy to all employees. • Demonstrate management commitment by: • instilling accountability for safety and health, • obeying safety rules and reviewing accident reports. • Other • Conduct regular safety and health meetings involving employees, managers and supervisors. • Assign responsible person(s) to coordinate safety and health activities and provide resources to accomplish the program goals.. • Integrate safety and health into business practices (e.g., purchases, contracts, design and development). • Involve employees in safety and health related activities (e.g., self-inspections, accident investigations and developing safe practices). • Recognize employees for safe and healthful work practices.

  19. Worksite Analysis • Evaluate all workplace activities and processes for Safety & Health hazards. • Reevaluate workplace activities when there are changes in: • Processes or worksite • Materials • Machinery • Conduct on-site inspections, identify hazards and take corrective actions. • Provide a hazard reporting system for employees to report unsafe and unhealthful conditions. • Investigate all accidents and near misses to determine their root causes.

  20. Engineering Administrative PPE Hazard Prevention and Control Hierarchy of Controls

  21. Hazard Prevention and Control • Eliminate and control workplace hazards (e.g., engineering controls, workstation design and work practices). • Establish a preventive maintenance program. • Keep employees informed of safety and health activities and conditions. • Plan for emergencies (e.g., create an evacuation plan, train employees and conduct fire drills). • Record and analyze occupational injuries and illnesses near misses/hits.

  22. Hazard Prevention and Control • Engineering meaning • Administrative meaning • PPE meaning

  23. Train! Train! Train! Safety and Health Training

  24. Safety & Health Training 24 • Provide training on specific safe work practices before an employee begins work. • Provide additional training for new work processes and when accidents and near misses/hit occur. • Provide refresher training on a routine basis.

  25. Think Tank Think back to “Intro to OSHA” module and the origin of the regulations. It follows the S&H Management Guidelines: • Why OSHA exists. OSHA Mission. Why is regulation development necessary? • The regulations are really grouped by hazards and work settings and each works thru ID of specific hazards. • Most regulations provide programs to address the hazards. • Who benefits from safety and health management program development? • Many employers fail to incorporate sustainable, effective, comprehensive safety and health management. • Many regulations specify some sort of training

  26. Worksite Analysis

  27. Worksite Analysis • Team approach • Management/Safety Manager • Line Supervisor/Forman • Employees • Why?

  28. Worksite Analysis • Set area to be analyzed • How do you start? • What do you do? • What do you look for?

  29. Worksite Analysis • Information • Recordkeeping • Accident & Near Miss Investigations • Checklists (see handout package) • Walkthrough • Personal knowledge • Future plans • Based on the information above you will settle on a particular area in priority • (most to least hazardous)

  30. Worksite AnalysisJob/Task Hazard Analysis • Within each hazardous area there may be one or many tasks or jobs going on pick one at a time and analyze: • What is the task? • How is the task done? • Overall flow • Number of people • Individual steps • Hazards with each step • Where can something go wrong? • Changes that may occur that would modify the above?

  31. Worksite AnalysisJob/Task Hazard Analysis

  32. Worksite AnalysisJob/Task Hazard Analysis

  33. Worksite AnalysisJob/Task Hazard Analysis

  34. Worksite AnalysisJob/Task Hazard Analysis

  35. Worksite Analysis • Evaluate all workplace activities and processes for hazards. • Reevaluate workplace activities when there are changes in: • Processes • Materials • Machinery • Conduct on-site inspections, identify hazards and take corrective actions. • Provide a hazard reporting system for employees to report unsafe and unhealthful conditions. • Investigate all accidents and near misses to determine their root causes.

  36. Worksite AnalysisJob/Task Hazard Analysis • Teams • Safety • Supervisor • Employee • Handout package • Exercise

  37. Worksite AnalysisJob/Task Hazard Analysis • Team report (presentation to class) will consist of: • List of the job steps • List H & S hazards at each step • Provide recommendations to make that step safe • Any other recommendations (e.g. engineering, work practice, etc.) • Team will develop a job safety checklist

  38. Hazard Prevention & Control • Eliminate and control workplace hazards (e.g., engineering controls, workstation design and work practices). • Establish a preventive maintenance program. • Keep employees informed of safety and health activities and conditions. • Plan for emergencies (e.g., create an evacuation plan, train employees and conduct fire drills). • Record and analyze occupational injuries and illnesses.

  39. Hazard Prevention & Control • Provide training on specific safe work practices before an employee begins work • Provide additional training for new work processes and when accidents and near misses occur • Provide refresher training on a routine basis

  40. Summary/Recap Think back to intro to Intro to OSHA module and the regulations. It follows the S&H Management Guidelines: • Why OSHA is there. OSHA Mission • The regulations are really grouped by hazards and each works thru ID of specific hazards. • Most provide programs to address the hazards • Many specify some sort of training What is YOUR role in the safety and health management system?