Project Proposal Organisation: Bangladesh Jatiyatabadi Sramik Dal (BJSD) 01.Project Title : Trainer’s Training on ILS and Decent Work 02.Tentative Duration : 10 (Ten) months 03.Starting Date : September, 2008 to June, 2009 04.Geographical Coverage : Bangladesh (all over the country) 05.Project Language : Bangla and English 06.Executing Organisation : Bangladesh Jatiyatabadi Sramik Dal (BJSD) 07.Preparation Date : 17 July, 2008 (First Draft) 08.Author : BJSD 09.Main Activities : Meetings, Manual Preparations, Workshops/ Training, Follow-up seminars, Monitoring and Evaluation 10.Budget : BDT=525000 (U$ 7720) 11.Local Contribution : Human resource, Monitoring and Evaluation Presented by : A.B.M. Sajjad Hossain Bangladesh Jatiyatabadi Sramik Dal (BJSD) Course A3-01023, ITC ILO
Background and Justification • Bangladesh is a land of long heritage and ancient civilization. It has a developed cultural background. At the same time it bears a history of long-time oppression and non-independence. As a part of Indian subcontinent it was ruled by the British emperor for about 200 years, then the Pakistani rulers ran severe oppression on it and finally after nine months long liberation war against the then Pakistani Army the country got her independence in 1971. • Bangladesh is a country of 140 million populations. According to the latest Labour Force Survey (2004) the total number of labour force in the country is 44.6 million and among them 22.8 million female. Country's economy is agriculture based where 62.30% of the labour force is in agriculture sector while rest 29.40% in Service Sectors and 8.30% are in Industrial Sectors. Though the rate of contribution in the GDP is highest in service sector with 49.37% while the contribution of agriculture is 22.83% andIndustrial sector is 27.80%.
Background and Justification • Poverty Elimination of widespread poverty and growing inequality in income and other social index are at the core of all development problems of most transition economies. Bangladesh, a country where more than 140 million people are living and the growth of population is more than 1.43% per year is struggling to face the problems of poverty and equality. Bangladesh has a dependency on foreign aid and grant. According to the Government report 44.7% of the total population lives under poverty level. It is claimed that during the past 2 decades poverty has been reduced at the rate of 1% per year. From 52.3% in 1983-84 poverty level has been reduced to 44.7% in 2002. Even if it is so the fact remains that with the growth of population the number of people living under poverty line increasing.
Background and Justification • Employment Situation: • Creating employment opportunity is one of the major goal under the policy. Bangladesh is a populous country where the density of population is 941 in per square km (2006). In Bangladesh total civilian labour force is 44.3 million where male 36.32 million and female 10.34 million (22.33%). In total labour force employed population is 44.32 million where unemployed population is 2.0 million. Total number of child labour (5-17 years) is 7.4 million which is 17.5% of total population of that age group. 70% of the child labours entered into labour market due to poverty.
Background and Justification • Working people: Disequilibrium in labour supply and demand is creating misery for the low paid labourers. Most of them earn less than a dollar a day which does not even match the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs). Rapid increase of Readymade Garment (RMG) sector and threat of globalisation or post-MFA situation sounds maladjustment in labour market. Most of the ate owned industries has now trend to privatise due to adverse effect of globalisation. There hundreds of industries including jute, textile, steel mills, paper mills, sugar mills closed down and that has sent the working people into peril. Several million workers lost their jobs and became poorer to poorer.
Background and Justification • Due to flourish of informal economic sectors the number of informal workers has been increasing rapidly and they are out of labour law coverage as the employers of non formal economy have opportunities to deprive these workers in all possible ways. • A large number of women have joined the labour force in recent years. Women comprise (22.43%) of total workforce presently numbering 10.34 million in agriculture, readymade garments, health services, nursing, few service sectors, sewing, teaching, rice husking mills, domestic workers etc. The women workers are subjected to various discriminations in the job market. The large number of women workers should be organised in unions and rights like maternity leave, equal pay for equal work, decent workplace and others should be protected.
Background and Justification • Work hour: The law sets a standard 48-hours workweek with 1day off mandated and 1hour leisure in every working day. A 60-hour workweek, inclusive of maximum 12 hours overtime, is allowed. The law is enforced poorly industries such as hosiery and readymade garments. Though working hour the set in labour law is against the concept of ILO convention on working hour.
Background and Justification • Occupational health and safety: The law nominally sets occupational health and safety standards. The law is comprehensive but largely is ignored by employers. For example, there are many fire safety violations in the garment industry. Many factories are located in structures that were not designed adequately for industrial use, or for easy evacuation of large workforce. There are no proper safety measures in many factories/workplaces. Mostly unhygienic and insufficient numbers of latrines urinals are there.
Background and Justification • Informal sectors: Millions of workers in informal sector are deprived of human rights. Rickshaw puller, farmer, day labourer, construction workers, home workers, agricultural workers are main part of this sector. They are not organised. Sometimes they organised themselves in small groups but that never brings any good result for them. All of them are not covered by the labour law. So they are deprived of their rights, legal protection and they live vulnerable lives, they are the poorest of the society.
Background and Justification ￭ Social safety net: Most of the workers in the country are not covered under any social security schemes accept some Government owned enterprises and organisations. Most informal sectors have no social security system for workers. Policy position: The Constitution of Bangladesh provides that ‘‘Every citizen shall have the right to form association subject to any reasonable restrictions imposed by law in the interest of morale or public interest’’ which means that freedom of association is guaranteed by the constitution. Since ILO Con. 87 and 98 have been ratified by the Government in 1973 and subsequently 7 out of 8 core labour standards have been ratified. So, there should not have any restriction on formation of trade unions and free collective bargaining. But in realities there are of restrictions on TU activities in general.
Background and Justification The Labour Laws: The obligation on the part of the Government in respecting the commitments made through National Constitutional Provision and by ratifying relevant ILO standards vis-à-vis the actual situation is reflected through the National Labour Laws and their enforcement. Until 2006 the formation of Trade Unions, Industrial relations and collective bargaining were regulated by dozens of laws many of which enacted during British Colonial Rule. The first exclusive legislation concerning Trade Unions operation and collective bargaining came into force during Pakistan regime in 1969 (IRO-69). Since the laws were enacted at different time and under different context those proved inadequate, outdated and inter-conflicting impacting adversely on smooth and much desired development of healthy trade union movement, the Parliament enacted the new labour code-The Bangladesh Labour Law 2006 enforced from 11 October, 2006.
Background and Justification • Situations regarding ILS: Bangladesh has ratified seven out of eight core labour conventions on freedom of association and right to organise and collective bargaining, discrimination and equal remuneration, child labour and forced labour. It has not ratified ILO Convention No. 138 (1973), Minimum age. In view of serious violations of core labour standards in all the above areas, determined measures are needed to comply with commitments of Bangladesh accepted at Singapore, Geneva and Doha in the WTO Ministerial Declarations over 1996-2001 and in the ILO declaration on fundamental principles and rights at work.
Background and Justification The right to form and join unions is not respected in practice, despite numerous ILO criticisms. Workers are regularly sacked or subjected to false charges for being active in union activities. Export Processing Zones fall under a special labour legislation whereby basic rights are not fully permitted. Besides that there are many restrictions and limitations in labour laws to form union and rights at work. The names of workers who apply for union registration are frequently passed on to the employers who promptly transfer or dismiss them, particularly in the textile sectors. These requirements severely restrict worker's rights to organize, particularly in small enterprises and in the private sector in general.
Background and Justification • NTUC’s Status on Training: Bangladesh Jatiyatabadi Sramik Dal – BJSD has maintaining an active trainer’s network since 1994, 45 numbers (30 male and 15 Female) of trainers is the members of the Education Committee. They are trained on methodology and various labour issues and arrange training for office bearers of the affiliates unions. BJSD has total 247,454 members and number of affiliated basic (enterprise/industry level) unions is 279. The trainers network members have basic idea on ILS, ILO declaration and Decent Work agenda but need systematic training so that they can equipped themselves and arrange training programme for the office bearers of affiliate unions those who need to attend negotiation and social dialogue on decent work and other related issues that affect the workers due to globalization.
Strategy Participating in Negotiation and Social Dialogue Follow-up seminars at grass-root /Basic level National Seminar for Trainers Manual Preparation Workshop Meeting of the Trainer’s Network
Target Groups and Parties Involved: The following target groups will be involved directly to the action plan to achieve the objectives; • BJSD Trainers Network Members (Total 30) • Affiliated union members (Total 750) • Development Objectives: The project work plan will contribute to ensure the worker’s rights into International Labour Standards and Decent Workplace. • Immediate Objectives: At the end of the project, the executive organisation will be able; - To equip the BJSD Trainers Network members on International Labour Standard, ILO Declarations and Decent Work indicators and campaign. - To disseminate Decent Work Indicators and ILO recent campaign on Decent Work to BJSD ranks and files members.
Key Outputs and Activities: • Immediate Objectives -1: To equip the BJSD Trainers Network members on International Labour Standard, ILO Declarations and Decent Work indicators and campaign. • Outputs: • 30 numbers of the trainers network members. • 1-one manual for 5 days training course • 1-mamual s for follow-up programmes • Activities: • Meeting (including Evaluation and review) of Education Committee (3) • 2- Manuals for 5 and 2 days organisaning workshops preparation workshops (3 days and 2 days) • 5 days national workshop for trainers network members (1) • Review and Evaluation Meeting (1)
Key Outputs and Activities: • Immediate Objectives -2: To disseminate Decent Work Indicators and ILO recent campaign on Decent Work to BJSD ranks and files members. • Outputs: • 750 office bearers (30x25) in different industries will be equipped. • Activities: • 2-days follow-up training (30 follow-up seminars, each seminar 25 participants=total 750) course the office bearers of BJSD affiliates in different sectors; Bank, Steel, Jute, Textile, Construction etc. • Review and Evaluation Meeting (1)
Main contents of training courses: -ILO core labour standards and workers rights - ‘Philadelphia declarations’ and the Declaration on Fundamental principle and Rights at Work’ and ILO action on the impact of Globalization - Decent Work Indicators - ILO campaign on Decent Work - Asian Decade of Decent Work Campaign
Main Inputs: • 1-one project coordinator • 30 trainers • Administrative support of BJSD • Training Manuals • Fund Sources of Fund: - Members contribution - Affiliated union’s contribution - Well wisher’s contribution - ILO or other Development Partner
Indicators of Achievement: Immediate Objectives -1: To equip the BJSD Trainers Network members on International Labour Standard, ILO Declarations and Decent Work indicators and campaign. - Trainers are continuing the training programmes on ILS & Decent Work using knowledge and manuals - Union Leaders are creating influence on govt. policies on globalization.
Indicators of Achievement • Immediate Objectives -2: To disseminate Decent Work Indicators and ILO recent campaign on Decent Work to BJSD ranks and files members. - Rank and file members are being educated and trainers are able to continue the training programmes on ILS & Decent Work using knowledge and manuals - Office bearers are able to formulate their arguments effectively on the line of ILO core Labour Standard, various declarations and decent work agenda in their negotiations and dialogues.
Monitoring / Reporting / Evaluation Procedures - Project Coordinator will monitor the work plan and report to the education committee, President/ General Secretary of NTUC as well to the funding agencies. • Quarterly report will be placed to the Education Committee as well as to the funding agencies. • Quarterly evaluation and review will be made by the Education Committee of the NTUC including Project Coordinator for further development if any. • Project Coordinator will be responsible and accountable to the Education Committee as well as to the President and General Secretary of the NTUC.
Assumptions • Political situation will be favourable to operate TU activities and training course. • BJSD officials and its affiliated unions will bear the costs of training courses. • ILO or other development partner will provide financial support to enhance the worker’s rights and decent work in Bangladesh on the basis of principles of the ILS and Decent work.
Means of verification • Training Manuals • Participant’s written evaluation forms after the completion of each 31 training courses. • 31 reports of the training programmes including financial statement and photographs. • Completion report of the project including financial statement and evaluation.
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